Animal Testing Essay Introduction
The testing of cosmetics, household cleaners, and surprisingly, dog food, results in millions of animals suffering and dying from poisoning and burning every year, at the demand of cruel Corporations. Producers Of IAMS Dog Food Test On Animals 15 Animal experimentation for household products and cosmetic companies include forcing animals to inhale chemical fumes, ingest their ingredients and rub them into their shaved scalps and limbs. The effects can be devastating: A Scalped Monkey 15 A Puppy Carcass 15 The animals in labs are also often treated appallingly even before any cruel testing is carried out.They are often abused by their captors, starved and imprisoned in small, rotten cages. During the animal experimentation they are often put into restrain tubes or other types of restraints so the animal does not interfere with the testing process. Doesn’t this tell you something about the cruelty of this activity. If the animal is protesting then surely there is something wrong going on! Monkey In A Restraint Tube In Covance Laboratory, Vienna, Virginia. This Photograph Make My Blood Run cold!! 15 Animal Experimentation: Another Monkey Restraint: Absolutely Horrific! 5 Other types of experiments include drug injection into sheep, cattle and other livestock to see if more milk can be produced, or enlarge the animal for more meat. Animals are injected with morphine and other drugs just to see the impact of addiction and the withdrawal process. Many animals have died this way, in the name of science! In 2010 the UK Government annual statistics revealed that over 3. 5 million animals suffered and died in lab experiments. Up to 8 million animals bred for testing were destroyed because they were surplus to requirements!Testing on humans is OK after we give our consent. No one asks for the consent of all the other animals. What gives us the right to do this? Human Beings – the worst animal on the planet! “Ask the experimenters why they experiment on animals, and the answer is: “Because the animals are like us. ” Ask the experimenters why it is morally okay to experiment on animals, and the answer is: “Because the animals are not like us. ” Animal experimentation rests on a logical contradiction. ” ~Charles R. Magel Return to the Table of Contents Vivisection Stories – This Is RealHere we look at some of the appalling treatment of animals is laboratories, research facilities and other areas in the name of corporate greed and medical advancement. Remember Thousands of animals suffer this way every day! Can you image their suffering and the pain, confusion and terror they are feeling? The photograph below is of a young monkey earmarked for vivisection in the Royal College of Surgeons Laboratory in Enlgand, UK. The Scientists tattooed the word CRAP onto the monkeys forehead. This just goes to show how contemptible the medical world thinks of all our fellow animal species.Sickening, just sickening. Monkey With The word CRAP Tattooed On The forehead 15 The Institute for Behavioural Research, monkeys have their spinal nerves severed to render some of their limbs useless. They are then subjected to abuse such as electric shock treatment and food deprivation. If they do not regain the use of one of their limbs, they starve! They are kept in dark chambers and electrocuted to force them to use their disabled limbs. According to the PETA. Org (Opens New Window) report, the chamber they were kept in was covered in blood. Monkey With Spinal Nerves Severed 15Vivisectors had sewn a baby monkeys eyes shut and grafted a device to her head in the photographs below. The baby monkey was rescued from the University of California at Riverside Laboratory in 1985. Animal Experimentation Monkey Device 15 Animal Experimentation Monkey Eyelids Sewn Shut 15 Take a look at this quote below from a Professor involved with animal experimentation. Quite frankly, this man is selfish and has no morals. He should be ashamed of himself! The only thing I care about, is whether the monkeys will show characteristics that I can publish. I never feel affection for them. I don’t like animals at all. I despise cats.I hate dogs. How can you like monkeys? ” Replacement of Animal Testing Author: Ian Murnaghan BSc (hons), MSc – Updated: 15 September 2010 | Comment Reducing animal suffering as a whole requires the use of alternative approaches to animal testing. While the scientific community generally supports the use of animals to further our knowledge of health and medicine, they still acknowledge the need for alternatives to reduce animal suffering. This is accomplished through the use of several different categories of alternatives, which are often described as the three Rs of biomedical research. They are: Reduction Replacement RefinementEach has its own challenges and hurdles to overcome but thus far, the use of alternatives has helped some laboratories to significantly reduce the use of animals in testing. Unfortunately, the slight spike in animal use locally over the last several years has led to a great deal of controversy, particularly because we now have non-animal models of testing and new techniques that should ideally be reducing the numbers of animals used in testing. Replacement Methods in Animal Testing Replacement methods in animal testing involve actually replacing the use of live animals with other methods that are completely non-animal in nature.Wherever possible, companies in the United Kingdom (UK) should be using alternatives such as replacement methods. During the consideration process of granting a project license, the Home Office will carefully weigh many aspects of the proposal, one of which is whether any suitable alternatives exist. If a non-animal model exists that will provide comparable results, then the project license will not be granted. Types of Replacement Methods in Animal Testing Whenever it is feasible, a replacement method such as an in vitro method is performed in place of animal testing.In vitro methods refer to test tube methods or cell cultures and these can be extremely valuable and effective in replacing animal models. As with any alternative methods, they must be approved and validated as well as receive general acceptance by the scientific community and the local agencies that regulate the field. One way to replace animal use is to improve the use of information. This means that by using epidemiological studies and similar information, it may be possible to avoid animal testing in some instances. Using previously established information means that researchers can avoid repeating experiments.Also, mathematical and computer models can sometimes provide information that is sufficient enough to warrant avoidance of animal testing. Another replacement method is to use plants and microbes instead of animals. As mentioned, in vitro methods can sometimes replace animal testing as well although they are more commonly used to reduce the number of animals used rather than as a total replacement for animal use. Human studies can sometimes completely substitute animal use in an experiment. In particular, human studies have replaced animal testing for cosmetics development.Although animal testing for cosmetics is banned in the UK and will soon be banned in the European Union, it is still allowed elsewhere around the world. Another replacement method involves analysing the chemical and physical properties of a substance to predict its behaviour. Importance of Replacement Methods Replacement methods are a vital one of the three Rs of animal testing alternatives because they completely replace the animal model with a non-animal method of testing. In fact, there has been the suggestion that these replacement methods can, in some cases, provide a better scientific approach than animal testing.Animal testing relies on certain similarities between humans and animals when testing a substance but the differences are still enormous as well. This means that we are still essentially extrapolating data from animal studies to give us an idea of whether it is appropriate to continue with human clinical trials. At the same time, the aggressive substitution of replacing an animal model with a non-animal one means that replacement methods can require a great deal of testing and analysis before receiving approval.It is challenging and difficult to replace an entire organism, which is why replacement methods are not as common as refinement and reduction approaches and techniques. Still, the challenge must be faced if we are to find new ways of testing that utilise non-animal models. Every day in countries around the world, animals are fighting for their lives. They are enslaved, beaten, and kept in chains to make them perform for humans’ “entertainment”; they are mutilated and confined to tiny cages so that we can kill them and eat them; they are burned, blinded, poisoned, and cut up alive in the name of “science”; they are lectrocuted, strangled, and skinned alive so that people can parade around in their coats; and worse. The abuse that animals suffer at human hands is heartbreaking, sickening, and infuriating. It’s even more so when we realize that the everyday choices we make—such as what we eat for lunch and the kind of shampoo we buy—may be directly supporting some of this abuse. But as hard as it is to think about, we can’t stop animals’ suffering if we simply look the other way and pretend it isn’t happening.Animals are counting on compassionate people like you to give them a voice and be their heroes by learning about the issues they face and taking action. Each of us has the power to save animals from nightmarish suffering-and best of all, it’s easier than you might think. If you’re ready to join the millions of other compassionate people who are working to create a kinder, better world for animals, please read on to learn how animals suffer in the food, animal experimentation,entertainment, clothing and pet-trade industries. Together, we can make a difference.