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Enlightenment Paper

The period of the Enlightenment took place during the seventeenth century. The Enlightenment centered around a new heightened interest in philosophy and science. The Enlightenment philosophers included Francis Bacon, Rene Descartes, and John Locke. The scientists of the same time included Galileo, Robert Boyle, and Isaac Newton. This group of great minds together set forth a new way of thinking while still remaining grounded on the earlier Western philosophies.
The Enlightenment authors created masses of literary material in which they each followed their own ideas to form an individual angle on Enlightenment ideals. One example of this literature is Descarte's Discourse on Method, where he sets forth his idea that one must use skepticism to examine every facet of life. Although he encouraged questioning and skepticism, he believed that one should do so while following the laws of the Church. Although many thinkers of the time were branching into Enlightenment thinking, it took a long period of time for the idea to streamline through the ideas of Thomas Aquinas and other religious communities, allowing new thinkers such as Newton to flourish. The ideas that sprung off of Descartes and others all focused on science over religion and other traditional thoughts.
The Enlightenment values created a new look at human nature, religion, and the universe. While the ideas of the Enlightenment were generally mildly denounced by religious institutions, the philosophers Hobbes and Spinoza proved most threatening. Each taught that religion and thoughts of divinity had no place in human life.

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enlightenment Paper

The Enlightenment took place during the eighteenth century and was initiated by the Renaissance.It was called the enlightenment because it was a period of new beginning, in which new thoughts were draining out old traditions.The enlightenment was an intellectual movement because it was very influential.There were many important figures that contributed to the enlightenment both through their ideas and their written documents.Important figures such as Immanuel Kant, Caesare Beccaria, Baron de Montesquieu, and Marquis de Condorcet spread their views on the enlightenment.
Enlightenment thinkers believed that people have three natural rights, life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. They were against absolutism because they felt that it violated people’s rights. “Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains” (Rousseau).Rousseau believed that everyone was born free with the power to reason and the chains are laws and restrictions put against them.Reason is at the heart of all enlightenment political thought and is essential.Reason was believed to be a positive force and philosophes would try to use it to change the world.In most states there was not equality before the law and ignorance was not tolerated. The enlightenment began an age of great promise.
Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher, “a giant in the history of modern philosophy” (Kant 1).Kant believed that freedom was all that was required for the enlightenment, the freedom for man to make “public use” of his reason in all situations.“Enlightenment is man leaving his self caused immaturity” He also believed that people were lazy and didn’t have the courage to use their own intelligence by relying on others.Kant said that it was easier for people not to think because they had others doing it for them.
Caesare Beccaria was an Italian economist and criminologist.He believed that co…

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enlightenment. (2019, Apr 26). Retrieved from https://paperap.com/paper-on-enlightenment-7/

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