English Renaissance Poetry Test Practice

Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close to one another

Allusion
A reference to a statement, person, place, event or thing that is known from literature, history, religion, myth, politics, sports, science or popular culture

Apostrophe
A figure of speech in which a speaker directly addresses an absent or dead person, an abstract quality, or something nonhuman as if it were present and capable of responding

Assonance
The repetition of certain vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words that are close together (ex. face & fade)

Consonance
The repetition of final consonant sounds after different vowel sounds (ex. east & west or dig & dog)

Connotation
All of the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word or words suggest

Couplet
Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme

Dialect
A way of speaking that is characteristic of a particular region or group of people

Diction
A writer’s or speaker’s choice of words

Dramatic Monologue
A poem in which a character addresses one or more listeners who remain silent or whose replies are not heard

Hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses strong exaggeration to express a strong emotion or to create a comic effect

Figurative Language
Language that contains metaphors, similes, or images as substitutes for plain, direct speaking

Personification
A kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman thing or quality is talked about as if it were a human

Irony
A contrast or discrepancy between expectation and reality – between what is said and what is really meant, between what is expected and what really happens or between what appears to be true and what is really true

Lyric Poetry
Poetry that focuses on expressing emotions or thoughts, rather than telling a story

Metonymy
A figure of speech in which something closely related to a thing or suggested by it is substituted for the thing itself

Motif
In literature, a word, character, object, image, metaphor, or idea that recurs

Paradox
An apparent contradiction that is actually true

Oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines apparently contradictory or incongruous ideas

Quatrain
A four line stanza or poem, or a group of four lines unified by a rhyme scheme

Refrain
The repetition of one or more lines in a poem or a song

Symbol
A person, place, thing, or event that stands both for itself and for something else

Metaphor
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two seemingly unlike things without using connective words like, as, that, or resembles

Simile
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two seemingly unlike things by using a connective words such as like, as, than, or resembles

Metaphysical Conceit
A fanciful and elaborate figure of speech that makes a surprising connection between two seemingly dissimilar things

Imagery
Language that appeals to the one or more of the five senses, most is visual

Synecdoche
Related to metonymy – A figure of speech in which part of the thing stands for the whole

Tone
The attitude a write takes toward the reader, a subject, or a character

Turn, Shift, or Volta
The point in a poem at which the mood shifts quite noticeably

unattainable lady
Pursuit of an

love and devotion
Expressions of

seduce a lady
Arguments designed to

transience of life and beauty
Meditations on the

death
Meditations on

immortality may be achieved through poetry
The idea that

love and lust
Humorous treatments of

Metaphysical Conceit
John Donne is known for using

death and time
Personification of

Heroic Couplet
Common 2 ending lines of an English Sonnet

William Shakespeare
1564-1616

John Donne
1572-1631

Sonnet 18
“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?”

Sonnet
14 line Poem

Sonnet 18
Saying the subject is better than a summer’s day

Sonnet 29
I have no friends and I hate myself except when I think of you

Sonnet 130
My mistress is not as beautiful as the sun or things of nature because it is ridiculous to compare a woman to that but our love is rare

Holy Sonnet 10
Death is not so powerful because death can only kill us once but we continue to live on in the afterlife and because many things can kill you so it’s not all that special

The Flea
Man trying to get a woman to sleep with him by saying they’re already practically married by having their blood joined within this bug so it’s not that big of a deal, she would lose nothing but a little honor, he gets rejected when she kills the bug

A Valediction Forbidding Mourning
Husband is going on a journey and doesn’t know when he will be back but his wife is not allowed to be sad because their love gets stronger when they’re apart

Elegy 19: To His Mistress Going to Bed
Man is trying to get woman (wife or lover) to get naked so they can make love and since he’s already naked their is no point in her not being naked

Italian Sonnet
abba, abba, cece, ce

Italian Sonnet
abba, abba, cdcdcd

English Sonnet
abab, cdcd, efef, gg

quatrain
4 lines

English Sonnet
Poem that uses quatrains

discuss or amplify the problem
2nd 2 quatrains in an English Sonnet are used to

Petrarch
Inventor of the Italian Sonnet

octave
8 lines

Italian Sonnet
Poem that uses octaves

sestet
6 lines

Italian Sonnet
Poem that uses sestets

state problem or introduction
Ocatves…

development or solution
Sestets…

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English Renaissance Poetry Test Practice. (2018, Jan 03). Retrieved from http://paperap.com/paper-on-english-renaissance-poetry-test-practice/

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