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English Literature Lit terms Drama- medieval romance

drama
form of literature written in prose or poetry or a combination of the two which relies on action to portray life and character

Dramatic Monologue
a lyric poem in which a single character engages in conversation with a silent listener, revealing a dramatic situation. It was developed by Robert Browning

Dramatic Structure
the plot of a play in the following sequence:
exposition, rising action, turning point, catastrophe, denouement

Elegiac Poem
a poem characterized by sober meditations on death

elegy
a melancholy poem which reflects on the nature of death

pastoral elegy
a dignified poem usually written in honor of a friend who has died. It expresses feelings of grief but declares that circumstances ultimately work out for the best.

Elizabethan Playhouse
Globe- A London theater where many of Shakespeare
s plays were performed. The three-story structure could accommodate over two thousand people.

English Reformation
Protestant reformation in England. During this time, Henry V*** severed England’s ties with the church of Rome and helped to establish Protestantism in England. The Bible was also translated into English at this time.

Epic
A long narrative poem based on a series of heroic adventures that are important to the advancement of a certain race or country.

Epigram
Originally, any brief poem, often used as an inscription on monuments or tombs. In modern times, it is a concise saying, often witty or satiric.

Essay
A work of moderate length in which the writer tries to develop his own thoughts on a subject. The word essay means “attempt.”

familiar essay
written in the Romantic Age, an informal and more personal essay than those written in the eighteenth century. It is characterized by its intimate style; light humor or wit; emphasis on individual tastes, experiences, and opinions; and a wide range of subject matter form everyday life. The familiar essay was perfected by Charles Lamb, William Hazlitt, Leigh Hunt, and Thomas DeQuincey

formal Essay
Used to explain scientific theories to the general public

Free Verse
Poetry having no metrical pattern. It differs from prose only in that it is written in lines.

iambic pentameter
A popular meter consisting of five iambic feet

Imagery
The use of words with appeal to the senses

Irony
The use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning, usually with a humorous effect.

Dramatic Irony
Contrasting what a character says and what a reader or audience knows to be true.

Irony of Situation
Presenting a discrepancy between appearance and reality or between expectation and fulfillment.

Verbal Irony
saying the opposite of what is meant

Lyric
short poem characterized by emotion, melody, and imagination

Exemplum
a short tale or anecdote told to teach a lesson

foot
the pattern in a line of poetry, consisting of one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables.

anapest foot
two unaccented syllables followed by an accented one

dactyl foot
accented syllable followed by two unaccented

iamb foot
most common type of rhythm in English verse; consists of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented one

spondee foot
two accented syllables

medieval romance
a narrative form popular during the medieval period based on adventures of knights, kings, or distressed maidens

irony
The use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning

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