1st Essay Sample on England
During the years of 1600-1763, there was a major struggle over who would possess the wide stretches of land throughout the New World which, involved three European Nations: France, Spain, and England. Throughout the endeavor for the land of the New World, England became triumphant because of their many settlements, economy/ government, and the many military victories. All three European Nations had settlements but only England’s really prospered in North America. The Spanish founded New Mexico in 1609 and Sante Fe in 1610 in North America. Their downfall came when they tried to convert the Indians to there Christian beliefs which provoked the Indians to make an up rise in 1680 where they destroyed the churches and killed many of the Spanish settlers.
It took them over a century to regain any land in North America. The French leader Samuel de Champlain or the “Father of New France” established Quebec, in 1608. Later, Montreal, Louisiana, and New Orleans were founded. The governments of these establishments was controlled by the crown and was highly autocratic. These French territories would later become territory of the English due to the French and Indian War.
Unlike the French and Spanish, England founded many colonies that would never be destroyed or taken by another Nations. England’sfirst settlement in Jamestown was brought to life by a charter given to the Virginia Company of London, by King James I and was called Virginia. This colony would be referred to later as the foundation of America. Colonizing was put forth by the ending of England’s Civil War in 1660 which was known as the restoration period. The colonies had a representative self government and right to trail by jury, a plus compared to the French’s autocratic government.
England also put up a buffer state known as Georgia which would protect the Northern colonies from Spanish attackers.
2nd Essay Sample on England
Although Spain and Portugal appeared to be leaders of the exploration of the New World, it was clear that England was the most successful and its colonies the most profitable in the New World by the 17th century. England’s reach extended to nearly all the land along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean apart from Florida, which had succeeded in staying in Spanish hands. English men, women, and those of youth left England in search for opportunity, a better means of which to live, and most importantly, wealth. If England had not been in a state of crisis at the time involving social inequality, population increase, and an environment in which the rich were becoming richer and the poor were growing poorer, not many would seek refuge in an unknown land. The fact that so many English were traveling to the New World was probably a perk for England’s status as a world power due to the fact that the English became a majority in the Americas, and assigned themselves many more rights and privileges than they did to minorities.
England would have surely become the most dominant nation in the world had it not been for the independent, and for England, the idealistic views of the settlers in the New World. When they entered into a New World, the settlers brought with them their religious beliefs, a major component in the diversification of the colonies. Those with a stricter religious regime, a more feared God, and conservative ideals settled and formed the New England colonies. All of these colonies happened to form after the founders fled religious persecution or were given land specifically for followers of their beliefs, thereby putting a strong emphasis on religious duty among the people. New England, because it was so heavily constructed around religion, saw the settlement of whole families and their servants.
3rdEssay Sample on England
When settlers from England came to America, they envisioned a Utopia, where they would have a say in what the government can and cannot do. Before they could live in such a society they would have to take many small steps to break the hold England had on them. The settlers of America had to end a monarchy and start their own, unique, form of government. They also had to find a way that they would have some kind of decision making power. The most important change that the colonies in America had to make was to become a society quite different from that in England.
By 1763 although some colonies still maintained established churches, other colonies had accomplished a virtual revolution for religious toleration and separation of church and state. During the mid-1600’s England was a Christian dominated nation; the colonies, however, were mainly Puritans. When Sir Edmond Andros took over a Puritan church in Boston for Anglican worship, the Puritans believed this was done to break their power and authority. The Puritan church in New England was almost entirely separated from the state, except that they taxed the residents for the church;s support. The churches in New England had no temporal power, unlike the church of England.
Many seaport towns like Marble head and Gloucester, became more religious as time pasted. This show of religious freedom was a way in which the colonies had religious toleration and differed from the Christian church in England. Unlike the well-defined social classes of England, the colonies had a streamline class structure, which gave individuals the chance to rise on the social latter. New settlers living on the coast could become rich by fishing and selling what they caught. If fishing was not a settler;s strong point, then they could try their hand at farming.
Getting the land to farm on was the easy part.