Emergencies are conditions that need immediate medical attention and treatment. Every second that is wasted leaves the patient an inch closer to death. Various hospitals have distinct distribution rates and differing number of hospital visits. Data from the table shows that more than half of hospital stays are emergency room visits. At 53. 1%, the number reflects that emergency rooms are vital to a thriving healthcare business. Uptown Medical had the greatest number of visits, with 37. 7% of the total. A number of factors could account for the large share of the above mentioned hospital.
A primary aspect would be location. Since emergency rooms cater to urgent medical situations, proximity is of utmost importance. Stroke patients for example, need immediate response, since time delay lessens the chances for recovery. The nearest hospital available would be the most suitable. Since Uptown Medical is located in the city, it is in close proximity to a large portion of the population. Another reason for Uptown’s large number or visit is the correlation of urban areas to the frequency of road accidents.
It has been found that road accidents are more common in cities than elsewhere. According to the European Road Safety Observatory, in 2006, almost 33% of fatal traffic mishaps occurred in urban roads. The sheer number of automobiles traversing urban roads makes vehicular accidents inevitable . But, why does not Mid-city’s emergency room visits come close to Uptown Medical Center, given that both facilities are located in the city? This discrepancy might be due to the accessibility of Uptown Medical to the site of most road accidents.
In addition, Uptown Medical Center provides specialized care. It has a children’s hospital. Children have underdeveloped immune systems making them susceptible to diseases. They are also unable to communicate the cause of their pain or distress. They simply cry or wail, which can send a bewildered parent running to the hospital. Thus, the large number of emergency room visits of Uptown Medical Center may also be attributed to the frequent number of times a single child gets sick. Distribution Rates
However, data shows that the number of emergency visits does not correspond to the distribution of the rate of visits. One of the plausible reasons on why Uptown Medical Center has a low visit rate from residents of East Bank Regional hospital is the presence of a children’s hospital. Its specialized health care may have been negatively perceived by other residents. They might have surmised that the emergency room staff of Uptown Medical Center solely caters to the younger population. Per 100 residents of the area, 2. 9 go to the emergency room of Mid-City while 2.
6 prefer Uptown. Perhaps, there are more people aged 40 and above living in the urban area of East Bank and these inhabitants gravitate to Mid-City hospital. It must also be noted that the distribution rate is based on the population of East Bank. This implies that road accident victims that were only passing the area and were treated at Uptown Medical’s Emergency section were not included. Meanwhile, North Suburbia Hospital had the largest distribution rate among the four hospitals. It has 3. 9 visits per 100 persons. North Suburbia’s location can be a major factor.
About twenty years ago, The Boston Globe stated that the “graying of the suburbs is an undeniable happening”. True enough, the 2000 US census shows that the number of elderly in to he suburbs is on the rise. Thus, the demographic that North Suburbia caters to is the elderly—a group that usually requires emergency care due to deteriorating health, more than accidents. In contrast, South Suburbia is relatively new and unestablished . Given that an emergency case is equally close to North Suburbia and South Suburbia, a patient of course would usually prefer the more recognized one.
The level of educational attainment may also play a role in the high distribution rate and number of emergency visits of North Suburbia, as compared to Mid-City hospital. The US census show that suburban residents usually belong to the upper middle class, and have attained higher levels of education. Being well informed individuals that they are, any unusual and alarming health condition would not be ignored. For instance, slight chest pains, which an unacquainted individual would ignore, would prompt knowledgeable persons to head to the emergency room.
In summary, various aspects affect the number of emergency room visits, but as the case suggests, the determining factors would be the location of the healthcare facility and demographic of the population. References Bickelhaupt, Susan. (1987, Februray 28). Needs of Elderly Gain Attention in Suburbs. The Boston Globe. Center on Urban and MetropolitanPolicy. (2001). Patterns of growth and decline. Washington D. C. : Brookings Institution. Lucy,William and Philips, David. European Road Safety Observatory. (2007). Urban Areas. Retrieved May 7,2009 from http://www. erso. eu/data/content/urban_areas. htm