Dramatic Rise of Population in the West in the Paper
In the late 19th and Early 20th Centuries, there was a dramatic rise in the population of Western America. There were many factors that contributed to the increased census. The Homestead Act, the completion of the transcontinental railroad, and the opening of lands with the removal of Indians, were a few of the many examples of western expansion.
The Homestead Act, which became law on Jan. 1, 1863, allowed anyone to receive 160 acres of free land. The land was yours at the end of five years if you had developed on it. This act mainly appealed to farmers, new US citizens, and landless citizens.
Another factor that increased Western expansion was the transcontinental railroad.In 1862, Congress gave way for a transcontinental railroad system. There were two systems built; the Union Pacific (building West from Omaha Nebraska), and the Central Pacific Railroad (building east from Sacramento California.) The Union Pacific Railroad and the Central Pacific Railroad contributed to about 2000 miles. Cattle ranchers took advantage of this necessity because it was easier to ship cattle across the country. The railroad also made it possible for gold miners to move west and fulfill their dreams of making it big.
The opening of lands with the removal of Indians was another factor of the West's population increasing. Early in the 19th century, while the rapidly-growing United States expanded into the lower South, white settlers faced an "obstacle." This area was home to the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole nations. These Indian nations were standing in the way of the white man's progress. Eager for land to raise cotton, the settlers pressured the federal government to obtain the Indian Territory. In order to do so, they needed to move the Indians West.From 1814 to 1824, Andrew Jackson was active in negotiating nine out of eleven treaties which robbed the southern tribes of their eastern lands in exch…