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Drama

drama
a genre of literature that conveys a sense of urgency and heightened emotion to a reader or audience; began with the folklore of primitive people as they told of important events and people in their history

Theater Drama
a drama presents a story through the actions and speech of actors who assume the role of the characters before an audience

four basic types of drama
-tragedy
-modern drama
-melodrama
-comedy

tragedy
a literary work in which a hero or protagonist is destroyed by some flaw within his character and by forces that he or she cannot control; The fate of the hero, or protagonist, is tied to questions about morality, fate, and the meaning of life.

tragic flaw
a fault or an imperfection that eventually leads to the downfall of the protagonist (hero or heroine) of a story

modern drama
was developed out of the tragedy in the late 1800s at the end of the Victorian period of literature; similar to tragedy; The main difference between a tragedy and a modern drama is the possibility of a happy ending in the latter

melodrama
differs from a tragedy because there is a possibility of a happy ending; are stock characters in a melodrama including a villain, a hero, and a vulnerable heroine; literally means a play with music; plot most often involves an improbable situation featuring the struggle between good and evil

comedy
a type of drama that is whimsical, funny, and sometimes absurd; may show characters in a light-hearted conflict with themselves, each other, or society

subplot
a minor or secondary plot in a narrative that may affect the main plot in a positive or negative manner

round character
complicated and, as a result, seems more believable and vivid

flat character
exhibits only one or two qualities or traits and is less important to the story

static character
stays essentially the same throughout the action of the story

dynamic character
changed by events or interactions with other characters, in contrast to a static character

In Act II, Scene II, what does Juliet mean when she says, “What’s in a name? that which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet”?
Romeo’s name has nothing to do with who he is.

Romeo says, “My life were better ended by their hate, than death proroguèd, wanting of thy love.” Why is this statement ironic? (Hint: proroguèd means postponed)
Romeo’s life will be ended by his own tragic flaw, not the two household’s hate.

Which of these is a remark that is delivered by an actor to the audience that is not heard by the other actors on the stage?
aside

Which of these definitions best describes mood?
the feeling the reader gets from reading literary work, such as happy, sad, angry, somber, etc.

In the prologue, what is meant by “ancient grudge break to new mutiny”?
The two households will continue to feud.

Why does Juliet not want Romeo to swear his love by the moon in Act II, Scene 2?
the moon changes

Which of these is a literary work that is whimsical, funny, and sometimes absurd?
comedy

Which of these definitions best describes plot?
the action and sequence of events in a story that are usually a series of related incidents

Which of these is a literary work in which the hero is destroyed by some flaw?
tragedy

Which of these definitions best fits the description of theme?
a recurring pattern, style, or motif that is developed in a story

Which of these is a literary work that originally included music and featured a struggle between good and evil?
melodrama

Which of these definitions best describes tone?
the overall feeling an author portrays to the audience

What is Romeo’s tragic flaw?
intense love

Which of these definitions best defines the resolution?
describes how each character was changed by the events of the story and provides and outcome to the central conflict

What is the rising action of a story?
a series of events that build in intensity before the climax

Which of these definitions best describes character?
a person, animal, object, or natural force in a story or poem

Which of these terms is defined as the words an author uses in a literary work which is part of a literary style?
diction

Which of these definitions best describes exposition?
sets the stage for the story and identifies the characters and introduces the story conflicts

Which of these is a speech by one person or character in a play?
monologue

Which of these terms is defined as the main character of a story?
protagonist

Which of these definitions best describes the inciting incident?
*NOT* the event that sets in motion the central conflict of the story

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