College Literature Poetry mid-term

Any single line of poetry or any composition written in separate lines of more or less regular rhythm, in contrast to prose.

The restatement in one’s own words of what one understands a poem to say or suggest. Like a summary but more in depth.

A brief explanation of text.

Main topic of work.

A recurring subject or idea that the poem is mainly focused on.

Lyric poem
A short poem expressing the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker.

Often written in first person and has a song like quality.

Narrative poem
A poem that tells a story. (ex. Ballads and Epics)

Dramatic monologue
A poem written as a speech made by a character at some decisive moment. The speaker is usually address a silent listener.

Didactic poem
A poem intended to teach a moral or lesson.

Examples of Lyric poems
Those Winter Sundays- Robert Hayden
Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers- Adrienne Rich

Examples of Narrative poems
Sir Patrick Spence- Unknown
Out,Out- – Robert Frost

Examples of Dramatic poetry
My Last Duchess- Robert Browning

The mood expressed within the poem.

Satiric poetry
Blends criticism with humor to convey a message.

A fictitious character created by an author to be the speaker of a literary work.

A difference between what is said and what is implied.

Verbal Irony
The speaker says that opposite of what is meant.

A style of bitter irony intended to hurt or mock its target

Dramatic irony
When the reader knows what’s going on with the character before the character even knows.

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Cosmic Irony (Irony of Fate)
The fate of the character’s position as it turns out not in his/her favor.

examples of Tone
My Papa’s Waltz- Theodore Roethke

examples of Satiric poetry
For a Lady I know- Countee Cullen
The Author to Her Book- Anne Bradstreet
To a Locomotive in Winter- Walt Whitman
I like to see it lap the Miles- Emily Dickinson

examples of Persona
Luke Havergal- Edwin Arlington Robinson
Hawk Roosting- Ted Hughes
The Red Wheelbarrow- William Carlos Williams

examples of Irony
Oh No- Robert Creeley

examples of Dramatic Irony
The Unknown Citizen- W.H. Auden
Rite of Passage- Sharon Olds

Word choice and vocabulary.

Concrete diction
Words that specifically describe or name a persons or things. Usually has to do with what we describe via senses.

Abstract diction
Words that express general ideas or concepts.

Poetic diction
Poetry language that is not found anywhere else.

Indirect reference to a person, place or thing.

Diction that is of the common people. Usually contains foul language and slang.

Colloquial English
Casual dialogue of everyday life. Slang, shifts in grammar, vocabulary and diction.

General English
Just like colloquial English but a little more educated.

Formal English
Very educated form of speaking. Usually only found in writing or dignified occasions.

A particular variety of language spoken by an identifiable regional group or social class of persons.

examples of Diction
Silence- Marianne Moore
Down, Wanton Down!- Robert Graves

examples of Allusion
Jaberwocky- Lewis Carroll
Grass- Carl Sandburg

The literal, dictionary meaning of a word.

An additional meaning to a word, image, or phrase.

A word or series of words that refers to an experience.

The collective sets of images in a poem or other literary work.

Japanese verse that has three not rhyming lines of five, seven, and five syllables. Usually has to do with imagery of spiritual or seasons.

examples of Imagery
The Fish- Elizabeth Bishop
The Panther- Rainer Maria Rilke

A comparison of two things using the word like or as.

A comparison of two unalike things.

Implied Metaphor
A metaphor that uses the verb- to be.

Mixed Metaphor
A ridiculous metaphor that combines two things ridiculously. (The towers breezed)

Giving human characteristics to unhuman things.

A direct address to someone or something.

An exaggeration used to emphasize a point.

An ironic figure of speech that lessens the ability of a thing.

A name of something is instead substituted for something very close alike.

The saying of a specific part of something to explain the whole thing.(wheels when referring to a car.)

A statement that at first strikes one as crazy but then has a deeper meaning.

The repetition of a constant similar word. (cool cats)

The repetition of two or more vowel sounds that creates a rhythm.

A harsh, discordant sound often mirroring the meaning of the context in which it is used.

The harmonious use of words that is pleasing to the ear.

An attempt to represent a thing or action by a word that imitates the sound associated with it.

Two or more words that have a common vowel sound.

A Slant Rime, they have similar consonant sounds but have different vowel sounds.

End Rime
Rimes that occur at the end of the rime.

Internal Rime
Rime that occurs within the line.

Masculine Rime
Either a rime of one or two syllables.

Feminine Rime
A rime of two or more syllables with a stress on a syllable other that the last. (tur-tle and fer-tile)

Eye Rime
A false rime. Where the word looks the same but no rime is present.

An emphasis , or accent, placed on a syllable in speech.

The recurring pattern of stresses and pauses in a poem.

Fixed rhythm in a poem.

The study of metrical structures in poetry.

A practice used to describe rhythmic patterns in a poem.

Cesura or saesura
A light buy definite pause within a poem.

Iambic Pentameter
A line of five iambs, commonly found in Shakespeare.

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College Literature Poetry mid-term. (2018, Jan 19). Retrieved from

College Literature Poetry mid-term
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