Civil Rights Essay
Essay: Trace the development of the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Explain why it became more radical and violent in the 1960s. What changes occurred in the motives, assumptions, and leadership of the movement?
The Civil Rights movement has been a debate that has plagued America since the its conception with slavesfirst appearing to the New World in 1619.The debate over the rights of slaves became even more explosive in the 1850s with the Civil War when America fought over the freedom of these slaves, and the eventually the slaves gained their constitutional guarantee to be free through the Thirteenth Amendment. The Fourteenth Amendment gave the Federal Government the right to protect the individual against the state which was supposed to help pave way for Civil Rights.Despite these massive changes in their lives, the slaves were not truly free.They now had to free themselves from the chains of segregation and oppression.Everywhere they would travel, they would be discriminated purely on the color of their skin. The Civil Rights movement gained momentum in the 1950s and 1960s as blacks thirsted for equal rights and became more violent in the 1960s with such leaders as Malcolm X.
The combat against segregation became prevalent in 1896 when the Supreme Court made a monumental decision.They declared in Plessy v. Ferguson that segregation was constitutional.They claimed that segregation was allowable as long as the facilities were "separate but equal."However, in the 1940s, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 by black radical andfirst black to graduate from Harvard with a PhD from Harvard W. E. B. DuBois, began to attack the principal of separate but equal.NAACP began suing colleges to gain entrance for black students into their colleges.In 1950, the Supreme Court made a significant step in favor of Civil Rights when the Supreme Court ruled in …