civil rights Essay
The Civil Rights Movement in the United States is a struggle by black Americans to gain full citizenship rights and racial equality.Many people have challenged discrimination with many activities, including protest marches, boycotts, and refusal to abide by segregation laws.Many people think that the movement began with a boycott of in Alabama, in 1955 and ended with the Voting Rights Act of 1965, but many people say that it has not ended yet.
The civil rights movement challenged segregation or the attempt by whites to separate the races.By 1877 the Democratic Party had gained control of government in the South and began to pass laws separating blacks and whites.Other laws denied voting rights to blacks.
Conditions for blacks in northern states were better.There were not many segregated areas, and blacks were usually free to vote.However, job discrimination against blacks was a big problem, the better jobs almost always went to whites.
In Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that “separate but equal” accommodations were constitutional.This decision provided legal protection for segregation.To protest segregation, blacks created huge organizations.One of them is The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) it was founded in 1909.The NAACP's lawyers began to challenge segregation and discrimination in courts.
Even during World War I blacks in the military were segregated from whites.Thousands of Southern blacks moved northward, seeking jobs in northern cities.In the 1930s black protests against discrimination increased.
During World War II all the armed services moved toward equal treatment of blacks, although none of them totally rejected segregation. Hundreds of thousands of blacks left Southern farms for war jobs in Northern and Western cities, where they received larger incomes.Black veterans returned home with great