1st Essay Sample on child labor
Child Labor is a term used to represent the employment of minors in work that may interfere with their education, or endanger their health. Throughout the ages and in all cultures children joined with their parents to work in the fields, in the marketplace, and around the home as soon as they were old enough to perform simple tasks. The use of child labor was not regarded a social problem until the introduction of the factory system during the industrial revolution.Villages had grown into towns and cities. Factory profits had boosted the economy, and more food was available. The population was growing as a result of better health care and nutrition.
The Revolutionfirst took advantage of Britain’s largest industry, textiles. In the 1600’s, cotton cloth imported from India became popular. British merchants organized a cotton industry for themselves. They developed a pulling out system in which raw cotton was brought to peasant families who then spun it into cloth. Skilled artisans then finished and dyed the cloth.
Under the pulling out system, production was very slow. As the demand for cloth grew, inventors came up with ways to make the cotton industry more efficient. In 1764, James Hargraves invented a spinning jenny that spun many threads ata time. A few years later, Richard Arkwright invented the water frame whichused waterpower than spun cloth even faster, the new machines put an end to the pulling out system. They were costly, and too large to fit inside peasants home.
Instead, factures built long sheds near fast moving streams to power the machines. Later, machines were powered by steam engines. Spinners andweavers came to work everyday in the factories. The revolution brought rapidurbanization. The great demand for factory workers grew as more factories were built.
Small villages turned into cities practically overnight.
2nd Essay Sample on child labor
By definition, child labor is described as “any economic exploitation or work that is likely to be hazardous, or interferes with the child’s education, or is harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral, or social development.”Although this is clearly stated in Article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, whichwas started by UN in the 1920’s, it is often ignored in the developing world where child labor has become a growing issue. The United Nations, aware of the undesirable situation with child laborers, has devised several methods in effort to stop this problem.These methods include monetary aid to and education for children in developing nations, but so far it has only scratched the surface of this complex problem.Since so many children find themselves in this situation, UNICEF, an organization working under the UN, realizes that it will take time for the problem to be solved. However, with approximately 250 million children working worldwide, something must be done. Afirst step for worldwide awareness is for people to realize that most child labor doesn;t take place in old, run-down factories, but in unregulated parts of the economy such as agriculture and domestic services. Surprising to most, even countries such as the United States still have their share of problems.In a recent “awareness swap” between American and Bangladesh children, both groups experienced the sight of little kids laboring in sweatshops.Although the UN wants to help, it is somewhat limited in its abilities to make dramatic changes.If it puts legal restrictions, such as trade sanctions against imports from countries using child labor, that could actually bring more harm to the children than good.UNICEF has recently decided that in order to combat this problem, education is the key.