1st Essay Sample on Chesapeake vs New England
Today, the United States of America is a very racially and religiously diverse society.We saw the seeds of diversity being sown in the early days of colonization when the Chesapeake and New England colonies grew into distinctive societies.Even though both regions were primarily English, they had similarities as well as striking differences.The differentiating characteristics among the Chesapeake and New England colonies developed due to geography, religion, and motives for colonial expansion. Virginia, the Chesapeake Bay area, was not interested in long-term colonization in America.Most emigrants bound for Virginia were young males, only a handful of women came across the Atlantic to the Chesapeake colonies.At this time, men out numbered women 5 to 1, later this ratio only reached 5 to 2.Because of the shortage of women, 70% of Chesapeake men never married.Thus not producing any children to add to the colony’s population.In 1607 the English were originally looking for gold, and silver, they also wished to find the cure for syphilis and the western passage to India.After additional people had arrived in 1609, nearly 80% of Jamestown’s population had died.John Smith referred to Jamestown as “a misery, a ruin, a death, a hell,” then the colony started producing and exporting tobacco.King James’ comment to this was, “no one can build a colony on smoke,” but Jamestown did.In 1640, Jamestown began to export three million pounds of tobacco to England annually.This number grew considerably in 1660, when Jamestown was exporting over ten million pounds to England annually.To cultivate these tobacco crops the Chesapeake Bay colonist utilized slave labor, and the use of indentured servants.The use of indentured servants soon died out when Virginia, forbid the whipping of white servants.In the Chesapeake colonies, religion was not as strict as in New England.
2nd Essay Sample on Chesapeake vs New England
New England and Virginia were both settled by people of English decent.Both areas were settled at around the same period of time.However, the two developed into very different societies.The main explanation for this is the bases upon which each area was founded. The Puritans were a hard working, god-fearing people.After many years of religious prosecution in their homeland of England they sought out refuge in the neighboring country of Holland.After living in Amsterdam for a year, the group moved to the town of Leyden.For the next twelve years the Puritans built the reputation of being honest and hard working. However, life was very hard in Holland.Many families did not have enough money to make ends meet.The group resolved that they would lead a better life in America.The trip to America was a hard one, however, it brought the group closer together.On November 11, 1620 the Puritans anchored in Cape Cod Harbor. The Puritans worked extremely hard to set up a community in which they could worship their god and raise their families.Because many families had an extraordinary amount of children (Document B), it was important for them to set up a good foundation of togetherness in which the children could grow up. Each man did not work for the better of himself but for the better of the community as a whole.
“…being by God’s providence engaged together to make a plantation” (Document D).This was needed in the initial building of houses, churches, and other structures that were crucial to their survival.”[Yet] we must be knit together and work as one man…We must delight in each other, make others’ conditions are own…always having before our eyes commission and community in the work…”(Document A).However, the people who started the colonies of Virginia did not have the same outlook on life.