Challenges of Boko Haram Insurgence on Nigeria’s Educational Sector

The activities of the Islamic extremist religious order. Boko Haram has adversely affected Nigeria’s educational sector. This fact is non hidden as the name of the sect alone signifies a entire call against instruction ( western instruction ) and schooling. Boko means “book or western acquisition in Hausa linguistic communication and Haram means out or iniquitous in Arabic linguistic communication. therefore the group’s name entirely is a run against western instruction and schooling. Nigeria’s instruction sector at all degree is enduring as a consequence of the current prevalent security state of affairs in the North.

a part where school registration has been the lowest in Nigeria.

The sect’s activities have affected Nigeria’s educational sector in the undermentioned ways ; The sect’s activity has led to devastation of school edifices and other academic installations •It has led to decease of academic experts •It has led to exodus of academic experts and deficit of qualified learning work force in northern Nigeria •It has led to distraction and recreation of government’s attending from the educational sector It has led to finish break of academic calendar in the part.

So far this twelvemonth. 15 schools have been burnt down in Maiduguri. the capital of Nigeria’s Borno State. forcing over 700 kids out of formal instruction and forcing down registration rates in an already sick – educated part. The Islamic Boko Haram group is widely blamed for the onslaughts but the world seems to be more complex. Both public and private schools in Maiduguri have been doused with gasolene at dark and set on fire.

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Crude homemade bombs and sodium carbonate bottles filled with gasolene have been hurled at the bare bones concrete schoolrooms Nigeria offers its kids.

The simple xanthous frontages have been blackened and the field desks method to distorted pipes. go forthing 1000s of kids without a topographic point to larn. stranded at place and underfoot. while dying parents plead with Nigerians governments to come up with a eventuality program for their instruction. In a picture posted on You Tube in February 2012. Boko Haram called on its follows to destruct schools supplying western instruction in revenge for the alleged targeting of Korani schools by the armed forces.

The spokes adult male of the religious order. Abul Quqa. said the onslaughts were in response to what he called a targeting of the city’s ( ie Maiduguri ) abundant unfastened – air Islamic schools by governments. Since February when this call was made. many schools including private schools have been destroyed. However functionaries of the province have denied any of such onslaughts or run as immature male childs can be seen having lesson untroubled allover Maiduguri ( the New York Times. 2012 ) .

This new dimensional displacement of the religious orders onslaught has legion inauspicious effects on educational development of the part and the state at big. Harmonizing to Nigeria Education Data Survey 2010. school registration in Borno province is already low by 28 per cent than any other province in Nigeria. No uncertainty. the recent onslaught have made parents and guardians’ to retreat their kids from schools and has made it hard for instructors and assistance groups to carry parents to allow their kids remain on at schools.

Eric Gultscluss ( a research worker in Nigeria for the Watching Human Right Organization ) noted that it is non merely the pupils at the targeted schools that end up being affected as targeting of schools can do kids in neighbouring schools to remain place or bead out wholly for fright of farther onslaughts. The targeting of kids indirectly and devastation of schools in Maiduguri has bewildered and demoralised pupils. parents and instructors in a manner that the day-to-day onslaughts have non.

Furthermore. the onslaughts have led to decease of academic experts learning in all degrees of Nigeria’s educational system runing from primary to secondary and beyond. On Sun. 29 April. 2012. members of the religious order attacked Christian workshops in Bayero University Campus. Kano ensuing to decease of 20 pupils and 2 professor of the university. Harmonizing to an oculus informant. the aggressors arrived in a auto and two bikes and throw little homemade bombs to pull out believers before hiting at them as they attempt to fly.

The onslaught led to the decease of Professor Jerome Ayodele. a professor of chemical science and Professor Andrew Leo Ogbonyomi. a professor of library scientific discipline with approximately 20 others dead and tonss of others injured.  Undoubtedly. this is a reverse for educational development in the state. Besides the continuity of insecurity in the North which has led to lose of approximately 700 lives so far this twelvemonth ( 2012 ) . has led to exodus of academic experts and deficit of qualified learning adult male power in the part.

It has besides led to refusal of NYSC members who constitute about 50 per cent of learning adult male power in the part to function in the part. Maijawa Dawayo. Chairman. Yobe State Teaching Service Board. in an interview with Nations News Paper on 9 Feb. . 2012 has this to state. “the recent handbill by the National Youth Service Corps ( NYSC ) that corps members who constitute 50 per cent of the board’s adult male power should no longer be posted to senior secondary schools in the province would hold an inauspicious consequence on the educational sector of the State.

Most of the corps members are non interested in coming here once more because of insecurity in the North. We are in a hard state of affairs and something demands to be done desperately to work out the job. The corps members constitute 50 per cent of the work force in our schools and the caput of the strategy had issued a round that corps members would no longer be posted to senior secondary schools .

Dawoye’s fright and plaint was subsequently made populace and a world in July 2012 when NYSC members posted to Borno. Yobe. Kano. Kaduna. Niger. Plateau and Bauchi province refused to function in the provinces and protested against their deployment to the violent prone provinces. Corps members and their parents took to the street to protest their deployment to the Northern States when the 2012 NYSC Bach B list came out reasoning that it is mindless to post immature alumnus to these provinces.

Most of the parents vowed non to let their kids to travel and be killed by Boko Haram . Awosuru Lola. a alumnus of Ladoke Akintola University of Technology ( LAUTECH ) . Ogbomoso in Oyo province. who was posted to plateau province said his male parent hard ordered him non to describe at the cantonment “for whatever ground. ” Besides Badiru Tajiudeen. a alumnus of measure surveying of Obafemi Awolowo University ( O. A. U ) . Ile – Ife. posted to Zamfara province vowed that nil could maintain him beyond the compulsory three hebdomads of orientation programme in the cantonment.

He besides said that his parents are even loath in let go ofing him to take part in the three hebdomads orientation and warned him to abort the programme if he is non transferred back to the West ( National Mirror. 2 July. 2012 ) . This development will do a annihilating grade on the educational sector of the affected northern provinces. It will be recalled that 10 immature corps members lost their lives during the station – presidential election protest/violence in some northern provinces in April 2011. while others lost their lives in other violent clangs in the part.

The instance of other Southerners who are instructors in the part is non different from that of NYSC members as most of them have found the issue door from the part. Dawayo confirmed this when he said that 80 per cent of Yobe State contract instructors who are from other provinces have left Yobe because of the same job of insecurity ( The Nation Feb 9. 2012 ) In add-on. insecurity in the part caused by Boko Haram has besides led to finish break of academic calendar in the part.

Most of the onslaughts ne’er go without infliction of curfew by the authorities. The onslaughts have in some instances led to infliction of 24 hours curfew and when such curfew is imposed. both pupils and instructors are affected and this on the long tally adversely affects the academic calendar which stipulates when school starts and when it ends every bit good as what should be done in the school and when therefore pulling pupils in the part behind their opposite numbers in other peaceable provinces.

It is of import that I province it clearly at this occasion that the North is a part where instruction registration and development is the least in the state and the current security state of affairs is bound to intensify the educational sufferings of the North and farther widen the spread between it and the South. While private higher establishment are quickly jumping up in the South to complement the over – stretched public establishments. merely a smattering has been established in the North and the few 1s have come under Boko Haram onslaughts.

Harmonizing to National University committee ( NUC ) . 50 private universities have been licensed to run in the state. Out of this 50. fewer than 15 are established in the North. What this implies is a black hereafter for educational development of the part and a black hereafter for immature kids in the part and this by deduction is unsafe to Nigeria’s peace. integrity and development. No affair how one looks at it. the onslaughts by the religious order on schools have left many destructive Markss on the hereafter of affected kids in the part and the state at big.

The affected kids are at place which means a black hereafter for them and the state at big because the hereafter of a state depends on the sort and quality of instruction it offers its kids. Finally. the rebellion of Boko Haram has led to distraction and recreation of both Federal and affected State government’s attending from the educational sector. This is apparent in the 2012 one-year budgetary allotment of the Federal Government in which the head – bugling ball of 921. 91 billion was allocated to security entirely. while instruction on which the hereafter of the state depends got the small ball of 400. 48 billion naira which is non up to half of what is given to security.

There is no statement on the fact that both security and instruction are critical for the endurance of a state. but had it been there is peace in the state. the ball given to security would hold been considerately lower than what it has now. What the thin resources allocated to the educational sector means is a glooming and hard hereafter for the sector. This is because there will be no resources to present new educational developmental plan and the 1s already introduced will surely endure of hapless support.

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Challenges of Boko Haram Insurgence on Nigeria’s Educational Sector. (2017, Sep 20). Retrieved from

Challenges of Boko Haram Insurgence on Nigeria’s Educational Sector
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