1st Essay Sample on Castles
A long time ago there was a period in time where kings ruled and knights did their bidding.This time was the Middle Ages.The Middle Ages took their effect in the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth century.During this time kings and lords built large forts to protect their strongholds.Although, they were more than just forts.They were giant buildings of war.These buildings were called castles. Developed in the ninth century, castles were used by kings and lords to fortify their strongholds.They usually had a pit dug all the way around the castle and then filled with water.These pits were called moats.Castles had drawbridges that could be lowered to allow someone or groups of people to cross the moats to get into the castle.Although, once in side the walls does not make you in the stronghold.The stronghold was where the king or lord lived and was the main building or structure.The Castle was just a large wall around the stronghold.It would seem that if the castle was attacked all they would have to do would be to raise the drawbridge.But people developed devises to get around the bridges.What they would do is put down these temporary bridges to the drawbridges.The devises were large trees that had cut down and had the leaves and branches taken off.People slammed these trees into the drawbridges to nock it down.The walls of castles could be fr! om five to even twenty feet thick in some places.The purpose of this was to defend from explosives. So, as you can tell from my essay, castles were great buildings of power and war.It took a lot to take out a castle, but it did happen.In fact, many castles were taken out and defeated.
2nd Essay Sample on Castles
Whether on the mote, inside the walls of the keep, or as a separate building, the living space of a castle were very basic. The hall, was a large one room structure with a loft ceiling, the hall was sometimes on the 1st floor, but sometimes it was raised to the second story for greater security. Early halls were ailed like a church, with rows of wooden posts or stone pillars supporting the timber roof. Windows had wooden shutters held on by an iron bar, but in the 11th and 12th centuries were rarely glazed. By the 13th century a king or great baron might have colored glass in some of his windows.
In a ground floor hall the floor was packed dirt, stone or plaster, when the hall was elevated to the upper floor the floor was always timber, supported either by a row of wooden pillars in the basement below, or by stone vaulting. Carpets, also used on walls, tables, and benches, were not used as flooring in England and northwest Europe until the 14th century. Entrance to the hall was in a sidewall near the lowest end of the hall. An outside staircase next to the wall of the keep reached when the hall was on an upper story. The castle family sat on a stage of stone or wood at the upper end of the hall at the other end than the door to keep away from drafts.
The lord sat in a huge chair. Everyone else sat on benches. Most dining tables were set on temporary stages that were taken between meals. A permanent table was another sign of wealth. But all tables were covered with white cloths.
Candles made of animal fat lighted the hall.The fireplace provided heat throughout the whole castle. What was used instead of a fireplace was the central open pit, used in ground level halls. Square and circular the fire pits were surrounded by stone or tile and sometimes had a back of brick or stone.