There is evidence of fixation at the oral stage. It includes his chain smoking, continuous eating, and chewing on his fingernails, and, in particular, eating the ice cream and smoking while thinking about his stressful week. Fixation at this stage would he due to either overindulgence or neglect in feeding during infancy.
The case study implies that his mother overindulged Hank by feeding him a bottle often. 2. Would Perennial theory describe Hank’s eating and argumentative behaviors as being internally or externally motivated? Explain the motivation. Behavior is internally motivated according to Freud.
It is due to the libido being cheated to the mouth in Hank’s case. There is also the possibility that thanks is influencing Hank’s unhealthy habits. 3. Find an example of a Freudian defense mechanism that Hank uses in this description. Explain it. Hank uses rationalization as evidenced by him explaining Sally breaking up with him as being due to his weight (and her shallowness) rather than his personality. 4. Find an example of regression in the case study. Explain it. Regression occurred when Hank would chew his fingernails when he was nervous and eat or smoke when he was anxious.
The eating Of ice cream and mooing because he was stressed about his work are examples of it. 5. Would a Freudian therapist view Hanks weight problem as a behavioral problem, in and of itself, or as a symptom of another problem? Explain. Freudian therapists would view Hank’s weight problem as a symptom of an underlying, unresolved, unconscious conflict, 6. What therapeutic techniques would a Freudian therapist, like the one in the case study, likely use? What state to consciousness would be the focus to therapy? How does healing/improvement occur during Freudian therapy?
Psychoanalysis uses such processes as free association and dream analysis, The unconscious will be the focus of therapy and therefore the therapist will attempt to make the unconscious conscious, which will create healing.
Theory Comparison Questions
1. What is an alternate explanation (besides Fraud’s) of Hank’s eating and argumentative behaviors? One possible explanation from a behaviorism perspective is that he was reinforced for being loud as a child by receiving food and attention. His weight may also be partly genetically determined.
2.What aspect of Hank’s behavior would be the focus of a therapist who is behaviorally oriented? What aspect would be the focus if the therapist were catastrophically oriented? A behaviorally oriented therapist would focus on the behavior itself, i. E. , Hanks eating behaviors and his argumentativeness. A psychedelically oriented therapist, however, would see those overt behaviors as a sign to some other underlying problem.
3. Use Erosion’s concept of lack of intimacy to explain Hank’s problems in establishing long-term relationships with women. How does this differ from the Freudian explanation?
According to Erikson intimacy is developed during the early (or young) adulthood stage when the crisis of intimacy versus isolation is successfully resolved. A Freudian explanation, however, would have to revolve around an unresolved Oedipus complex. In Erosion’s theory, social adaptation influences the outcome of the crises, however, in Purdue’s theory the emphasis is on psychosocial factors. Sigmund Freud Case Study 2 help explain Stoves behavior by answering the following questions. 1. Does the Freudian perspective indicate that Stave’s relationships with women are internally or externally motivated?
Which system of personality is most involved? How? Stoves behavior is internally motivated and influenced primarily by the id, which works on the pleasure principle, 2. According to Freudian theory, is Steve aware of why he interacts with women on only a sexual basis? Which state of consciousness is most involved in controlling this behavior? Steve is not aware Of his behavior because it is motivated unconsciously. 3. What type of Freudian psychic energy motivates Stoves relationships with women? The libido motivates Stave’s behavior with women. 4.
Which of Fraud’s personality types does Steve display? What evidence is there for it? What would have caused it? Steve displays the phallic personality, as evidenced by his use of women for sex. An unresolved Oedipus Complex is the cause. . At what Freudian stage is Steve fixated? What evidence is there tit? Describe the stage and how it contributed to the fixation. What would have caused this fixation? Steve appears to be fixated at the phallic stage of development as evidenced by his using women for sex. (Have students describe the phallic stage including the Oedipus Complex.
This would have been caused by an unresolved Oedipus complex. _S_ Others might express their behavior differently than Steve if they were fixated at the same stage. Give some examples of how they might behave. Some can become homosexual. Women might become cold, calculating, career women or women Who flirt and tease men. 1. How could Broom’s relatedness need explain Stave’s relationships with women? How does this compare with the Freudian explanation? Broom’s relatedness need suggests that humans have a drive for union with other humans.
This need can be met only through genuine love. Steve is attempting to fulfill this need but will be unable to do so because his relationships with women are not genuine love relationships. Genuine love relationships, according to From include telling of caring, responsibility, respect and knowledge. According to the Freudian explanation Steve would be fixated at the phallic stage of development which would have been caused by an unresolved Oedipus Complex, While both groom’s and Fraud’s theories can be considered psychodrama, they differ in that From is more humanistic.
From also emphasized social and cultural influences On personality more than did Proud, who emphasized more psychosocial influences. 2. How could Hornet’s concept of basic anxiety explain Stave’s relationships with women? Basic anxiety, a feeling Of insecurity, according to Horned, develops out of feelings of being unloved. We combat basic anxiety in any number of ways. One way is through withdrawal, which is when someone distances themselves from others by becoming emotionally detached. Although Steve develops sexual relationships with women, he does not become emotionally involved with them.
He is using withdrawal, most likely due to the fact that his mother was emotionally detached, which probably made him feel unloved. 3. How does Melanie Kelvin’s conceptualization tooth Oedipus Complex differ from that of Freud? Do these distinctions make a difference in explaining Stave’s relationships with women? If so, how? Kelvin’s theory actually De-emphasized the Oedipal period. Whereas Freud thought that this was one of the most important organizing factors in personality, Klein believed that the pre-oedipal period was more important.
She also suggested that the death instinct, which according to her, resulted in aggressive behavior in children, was just as, or more important than, the sexual drive in personality development She therefore might suggest that Stave’s relationships are not due to influences of libido, but rather due to influences of thanks. Klein also discussed the possibility that our relationships With Others help us to evolve how we think about and experience the world.
Because loved ones can have both good and bad qualities, it is possible that Stave’s experiences With an emotionally detached mother caused him to be unable to form emotional attachments to the women he dates. 4. Use Mayo’s types of love to describe the types of relationships with women that Steve typically establishes. May suggested tour types to love: Sex is the biological urge that goes by the same name. Eros is a tender union with another, which can also be sexual in nature. Philip is brotherly love or friendship.