Battles and Battle Techniques Essay
Many battles happened during Rome's reign over it's Empire. Although many, I
will only name a few as well as some of their techniques that helped them ensure a
victory. Probably Rome's most famous battles came from the Punic Wars. A revolt in
Messana, Sicily, provided the opportunity the Romans were looking for. Asked for help
against the Phoenicians, the Romans sent in an expeditionary force, small, but sufficient
to send the Phoenician group back to Carthage. Carthage responded by sending in a
larger force, to which the Romans responded with a full consular army. In 262 B.C.
Rome won many small victories, giving it control over almost the entire island. But the
Romans needed control of the sea for final victory and Carthage was a naval power.
With both sides balanced, the war continued for 20 more years until the war-weary
Phoenicians just gave up in 241. Rome eventually defeated Carthage altogether and in a
burst of anger, decided to destroy the entire city, then pour salt all over it so nothing
would grow on it ever again. Many other great battles took place as Caesar triumphed in
Gaul, north of Italy. There he conquered the whole area but only for his personal gain and
to get a Triumph when he returned to Rome.
Now, some of Rome's battle techniques, strategies and basic military tactics.
Your basic Roman soldier wore a tunic, but with barely any armor, carried and shield but
more often than not just slung it over is soldier when not in battle, held a spear and wore
two belts around his waist with a dagger in one and a sword in the other. Roman helmets
were usually made of copper and the solider would often scratch is name on it to signify
ownership. Now I'm going to go into some detail about Rome's most famour battle
technique, the phalanx. Then Roman phalanx was quick, strong, and an effective way to