Battle of Shiloh Essay
After Shiloh the South would never smile again. Known originally as
the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, The Battle of Shiloh was the bloodiest
battle fought in North America up to that time. Pittsburg Landing was an area
from where the Yankees planned to attack the Confederates who had moved
from Fort Donelson to Corinth, Mississippi. The North was commanded by
General Ulysses S. Grant and the South by General Albert Sydney Johnston.
The Union army was taken by surprise thefirst day when the Confederate
Army unexpectedly attacked, but after Union reinforcements arrived the
fighting virtually ended in a tie. Lasting for two days, April 6 and 7 of 1862,
casualties for both sides exceeded 20,000.The Battle of Shiloh was a
message to both the North and South that the Civil War was for real.
General Grant was anxious to maintain the momentum of his victory at
Fort Donelson. His army had moved up to a port on the Tennessee River
called Pittsburg Landing in preparation for an attack on Corinth, Mississippi,
where the Confederate troops were located. General Halleck, Western U.S.
Army commander,had ordered Grant to stay put and wait for
reinforcements. Grant had given command of the Pittsburg Landing
encampment to General William T. Sherman while he waited at his camp in
At Corinth, Confederate Generals Albert Sydney Johnston and P.G.T.
Beauregard worked feverishly to ready the 40,000 plus troops there for an
attack on the Union Army at Pittsburg Landing before U.S. Army General
Buell and reinforcements could arrive from Nashville. The officers appointed
as corps commanders for the South were Major General John Breckinridge,
Major General William J. Hardee, Major General Braxton Bragg, and Major
General Leonidas Polk. The South headed for Pittsburg Landing on April 4,
1862 but because of several delays the attack was postponed until April 6.
The Battle of Shiloh be…