1st Essay Sample on Auschwitz
Auschwitz Auschwitz was one of the largest Nazi concentration and extermination camps during World War II.Auschwitz was composed of three large camps, Auschwitz I (Stammlager), Auschwitz II (Birkenau), Auschwitz III (Buna-Monowitz) and 45 sub-camps.Each camp was growing year after year with an increase in prisoners.This complex was located in southern Poland outside the town of Oswiecim (which the Germans called Auschwitz) on the Wisla (Vistula) River about 30 miles southwest of the city of Krakow.(Sanford, p.1)This area was annexed to the Third Reich after the defeat of Poland in September 1939. (Gutman, p. 107) The Nazis established Auschwitz on April 27, 1940 under the direction of Heinrich Himmler.Himmler was the chief of two Nazi organizations-the Nazi guards known as Schutzstaffel (SS) and the secret police the Gestapo. Under Himmler’s command, Rudolph Hoss was appointed camp commandant.(Sanford, p.1) Beginning in June 1940, thefirst prisoners brought to Auschwitz were Polish political prisoners.The population was 10,900 after thefirst year. Afterwards, Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, asocials, criminals, and prisoners of war accompanied them, mainly Jews.
(Rosenberg, p.1) The journey to Auschwitz was an inhumane way of transporting individuals. By train, hundreds of people crammed into locked cattle cars.There was not enough room to sit or even move about freely. The sanitation in these cars became unbearable from urination.For days and weeks at times, these people were being transported with no food and no water.Hardly any light or fresh air was present either.Some did not survive the transport to Auschwitz.(Nyiszli, p.17)Upon arrival at the gates of Auschwitz, a sign that read “Arbeit Macht Frei” (Work Brings Freedom) which gave false hope to prisoners.Then the unloading begins.
2nd Essay Sample on Auschwitz
Adolph Hitler had a vision for Germany — a vision that included only white,blonde-haired,blue-eyed people.Hitler needed to eliminate all Jews from the conqurered nations of Europe to perfect this.How did he carry this out?It started with hard labor camps and putting the Jewish into the Ghettoes.Hitler even had Jews wear the Star of David to define them as different and isolated.Then death camps began.A death camp is a concentration camp in which large numbers of prisoners are systematically killed.The renowned death camp Auschwitz was one of the most atrocious killing centers of the Holocaust,as recounted by Elie Wiesel and other survivors. In the Holocaust there were many other camps. Among them wereBergen-Belsen,Buchenwald,Dachau,Maidanek,Mauthausen,and Nordhausen.However,the main ones were Auschwitz,Auschwitz II (Birkenau), andAuschwitz III (Buna). One of the most well-known and largest German concentration camps was the Auschwitz-Birkenau facility,located in the town of Owiecium in upper Silesia,Poland.Auschwitz was the most extensive of some two-thousand Nazi concentration and forced-labor camps and the largest camp at which Jews were exterminated by means of poison gas.It was here that over 1.25 million people were killed within the confines of Auschwitz,90% of which were Jews.Construction of the camp began on April 27, 1940 after Heinrich Himmler,head of the S.S.(a branch of Hitler’s army) and German police ordered the establishment of a large new concentration camp.This camp became known as the main camp,or Auschwitz I. Thefirst laborers forced to work on the construction of the camp were three-hundred Jews from Owiecium and its vicinity.Beginning in June of 1940,the Nazis brought transports of prisoners into the camp.During thefirst period,most of them were Polish political prisoners.
3rd Essay Sample on Auschwitz
Auschwitz was a death defying tragedy because of all the tests the Nazi’s did to the prisoners, all the prisoners that were killed, and then it was over, it lasted a little over a year.The Nazi’s invaded Hungary in 1944.The Nazi’s did a lot of tests on a lot of the prisoners that were there.Thousands of people were killed in this nightmare, but the ones that were left at the end were free.Keep reading to find out how Auschwitz was such a tragedy.When the Nazi’s invaded Hungary in September of 1944, the people who lived there were not frightened.The people didn’t know what the Nazi’s were going to do.The Nazi’s shipped the prisoners by train.The largest single mass deportation was 437,402 Hungarian Jews deported to Auschwitz in 48 trains.This was only the beginning.At Auschwitz children were often killed upon arrival. Children that were born in the camp were mostly killed on the spot. After an experimental gassing in September of 1941, mass murder became a daily routine.Dr. Mengele often made experimental surgeries preformed with out anesthesia.Mengele tried transfusions of blood from one twin to another.Also Mengele tested the reaction to various stimuli, injections with lethal germs, and even sex change operations.Thousands of Jewish and Gypsy women were used in experiments performed by Professor Carl Clauberg. Mengele also injected chemicals into the eyes of young children to try to change their eye color.The prisoners were not fed good either.The Nazi’s did a lot of experiments to the prisoners.All the prisoners got was some soup an bread once in a while.A lot of prisoners died of starvation.Mengele also supervised as 2 Gypsy children were sewn together to create Siamese twins.
Every 9 out of 10 Jews, Gypsies, Soviet POW’s and other prisoners died in gas chambers.