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Atom Bomb Essay: Table of Content
- Atom Bomb in Japanese History Essat
- Atom Bomb and Truman Essay
- Atom Bomb and World Politics Essay
- Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Essay
- What Triggered to Use Atomic Bomb
- Atomic Bomb Dropping on Japan Essay
- World’s First Use of an Atomic Bomb Essay
- Atomic Bomb as the United States government’s Project Essay
- History of Creating an Atomic Bomb Essay
Atom Bomb in Japanese History Essat
Hibakusha felt guilty about surviving when most of the people they knew and their families perished. In 1955, many of the hibkusha came to the United States for plastic surgery. They were nicknamed the Hiroshima Maidens. These were the women who were severely disfigured by the atomic bomb. One lady wrote after she got home that the surgery “has made me an entirely new life.” (Feinberg, 1995, 27-28) Japan was already weak as a military strength before the atomic bombs were dropped.
After they were dropped, Japan knew it was only going to be a matter of time that more atomic bombs were dropped if they did not surrender. So, on August 14, 1945, the Japanese government accepted American terms for surrender. On September 2, 1945, formal surrender ceremonies took place aboard the U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay. On behalf of the Emperor of Japan, Mamoru Shigemitsu signed and the Supreme Allied Commander, General Douglas MacArthur, signed for the Allies.
The treaty that was signed that day was called the Potsdam Declaration. The treaty said, “From the moment of surrender, the authority of the Emperor and the Japanese Government to rule the state shall be subject to the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers.” Later, the Japanese Emperor announced over the radio, “The enemy has begun to employ a new and most cruel bomb, the power of which to do damage is indeed incalculable.” (Wallace, 1993, 18-20) After the U.S. made the atomic bomb a reality, other countries were soon engaged in developing their own atomic bombs. Therefore, the United States indirectly was a cause of the Cold War. When other countries found out how to make the atomic bomb, they used their knowledge to enhance their power amongst other countries.
Many small countries could now cause destruction to the whole world. The United States’ bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was the immediate beginning to the atomic age.
Atom Bomb and Truman Essay
On August 6th and August 8th year 1945, the US has once again surprised and astounded the whole world when they introduced the most powerful weapon man has ever created, the atomic bomb, into the war. They dropped two of these inconceivably powerful weapons to Hiroshima and Nagasaki, two of the key cities responsible strengthening the feared Japanese Military. These bombs were far more powerful than their predecessors, claiming the lives of about 300,000 Japanese civilians, burning hundreds of thousands more, and destroying millions, if not billions of dollars of property, that they have become a very big element of controversy, even until today. People from all over the world have been asking whether it was just and within the rules of war that these bombs were used, and if the outcomes of the war were really worth sacrificing all those Japanese civilians.
The United State and her president, Harry S. Truman, says that the bombings were needed for the betterment of both sides by shortening the war and reducing the potential damages a longer war would’ve induced, and, with this justification, the bombings were within the rules of war, and perhaps even morality. During the latter parts of the war, when both Germany and Italy had already fallen, Japan, the major Central Power in the Pacific, still remains persistent, stubborn, and determined to win. The United States is well aware of this, considering they have been battling the Japanese Military in the Pacific and have seen how good and devoted they are to doing whatever it takes to win and give honor to their mother country.
Atom Bomb and World Politics Essay
World War II was the most costly and the most deadly war towards Americans in its short existence. The plan was for the allies, the united States , France, Russia, and Britain to defeat Germany and then defeat the empire of Japan. After the defeat of Germany it was crucial for the Americans to end the war quickly because if the Soviet Union enterd the war against Japan and learned about the secrets of the atomic bomb it too could become a world power and dominate as Germany tried to do. The United States decision to drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima was a diplomatic measure calculated to intimidate the Soviet Union in the post- Second-War era rather than a strictly military measure designed to force Japan’s unconditional surrender. Japan was on its heels and could have been beaten through swift air bombing attacks asBritish Prime Minister Winston Churchill once said.
Many nuclear scientists in Russia and in America severely wondered if the atomic bomb was really needed to defeat Japan. The atomic bomb did unquestionably bring a quicker end to the war, which is what America wanted. This would surely intimidate the Soviet Union from trying to scheme against America in the future. America also did not want the soviet Union to enter the war with Japan and be forced to live up to its conditions that it made such as the status quo in outer Mongolia. If America did not defeat Japan soon it would be force to accept the Russians conditions and let them enter the war since they did the bulk of the fighting in Europe. As many scientists of his time, Leo Szilardbelieved that the atomic bomb could lead to the end of the world.
He also made the common argument that Japan could have beendefeated without the use of the atomic bomb because of the fall of Germany.
Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Essay
The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki marked the end to the world’s largest armed conflict. Many debates have surfaced over the ethics of such an attack. The bomb itself caused massive amounts of casualties while the unknown effects of radiation caused many more deaths amongst the survivors of the blast. Despite the ghastly effects of such a weapon, it offered the best choice for a quick and easy defeat of Japan. President Truman, who authorized the use of the atomic bomb, made a wise decision under the circumstances of the war.
The Japanese refusal to surrender, the massive amount of allied casualties involved in invading the Japanese mainland and the ineffectuality of a military blockade in forcing Japan to surrender made the bomb a necessary last resort. There were several conventional methods that were suggested to bring Japan to its knees. These included a naval blockade, an extensive aerial bombardment or an invasion of the island of Japan. Japan posed little or no offensive threat to American forces. Despite this fact the Japanese were the most tenacious and driven of Americas foes throughout the war.
The battles for Okinawa, Wake and Guam all were ample testament to the Japanese willingness to die in the face of overwhelming odds. The kamikaze was a perfect example of the Japanese battle attitude. Japanese pilots would strap themselves into planes laden with explosives and fly them into American ships. By the war’s conclusion the Japanese kamikaze attacks had sunk 3 aircraft carriers damaged 285 craft and sunk a total of 34. The Japanese also did well in increasing support for the war effort.
“Both scientist and publicists were in fact powerful instruments inflaming popular hatred against the democratic countries and in regimenting the people into blindly supporting the war of aggrandizement.” (p.100) This resolve would only have been strengthened had American and Russian forces tried to invade Japan.
What Triggered to Use Atomic Bomb
On December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, an American naval base off the coast of Honolulu, Hawaii.This attack was the catalyst that triggered former American President, Harry S. Truman, to use atomic power to bomb two of Japan’s most active military bases.Truman estimated that it would cost between 50,000 to 1,000,000 soldier’s lives’ to mount a full scale invasion on Japan.He also wanted a guaranteed surrender from the Japanese government.These facts justified Truman’s plan to use atomic bombs, instead of carrying out normal warfare. Truman issued his executive order to drop the bombs on July 26th, 1945. Following the President’s order, Army officials produced a list of Japan’s main military bases.From that list, two targets were chosen.These two targets were the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Thefirst bomb was dropped on Hiroshima at 8:15 am on August 6th, 1945.”Little Boy,” the smaller of the two atom bombs, was used to bomb Hiroshima.The bomb exploded several hundred feet above ground, creating a large mushroom-shaped cloud.The blast annihilated houses and buildings within a 1.5 mile radius of the drop site.The death toll created by “Little Boy” was approximately 200,000 people.Despite the utter devastation caused by the bombing, paired with the U.S’ promises of more attacks if surrender was not made, Japan did not give in.
Greatly disappointed with the Japanese’ fail to comply, Truman followed through with his promised plan to strike again; however, this time “Fat Man,” the larger and more destructive of the two atom bombs, was to be dropped over Nagasaki. “Fat Man” was dropped at 11:02 am on August 9th, 1945. The bomb’s death toll was slightly less, killing 150,000 people.Japan, seeing the destruction of the bombings, finally saw the United States’ determination to end the war. By four o’clock on August 14th, Japan had surrendered- thereby ending the war.
Atomic Bomb Dropping on Japan Essay
On August 6, 1945 the atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.(Source 1) The Enola Gay, piloted by Colonel Tibbetts, was chosen to make the mission. The mission was recorded as successful by Capt. William S. Parson at 9:20 A.M.(Source 1) This was an extremely controversial military strategy in the United States.(Source 2) Was the United States justified in the dropping of the atomic bomb?.(Source 2)Yes, they were justified for many reasons. The primary reason was, that it would stop the war.this war was needed to be stopped very badly.(Source 2)Even though in some ways it was helping our economy, it was very costly in both money and lives.
Also, the United States soldiers were undergoing harsh treatment by the unmerciful Japanese. (Source 1)Another reason the war needed to be stopped was to defend ourselves from another attack on U.S. soil, which in turn would kill many of our U.S. citizens. This is why the war needed to be stopped; thus, justifying the use of the atomic bomb.
(Source 1)World War II was the costliest war in history, in terms of lives lost. No exact figures exist, but approximately between 15 and 20 million military personnel were killed. Of these, 292,000 were Americans and 6,000 innocent United States citizens were murdered by our enemies.(Source 2)It has been estimated that if the United States had not dropped the bomb and had invaded Japan instead, the United States would have lost about a million soldiers.(Source 2)The Japanese suicidal fighting strategies greatly effected this number. The Japanese would rather die than surrender. (Source 1) This is demonstrated by the battle of Saipan.
At this battle over half of the population of Saipan walked off a cliff instead of surrendering to the United States. This was often very effective.(Kappler P.
World’s First Use of an Atomic Bomb Essay
August 6, 1945, is not a day to be forgotten. It marks the world’s first use of an atomic bomb, which was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima by the U.S. Military. Three days later, the United States dropped a second atom bomb on the city of Nagasaki bringing World War II to an end. In total, more than 140,000 people were estimated to be killed.
Although the most memorable effects of the atomic bomb were the mass amounts of death, the development of the atomic bomb has greatly influenced American society and the world. The scientific development surrounding the A-bomb has been a pivotal point in the world’s history, launching us into the Atomic Age. The discovery of the nuclear atom dates back to 1911, but its potential power was not realized until the late 1930s. The study of atoms as a weapon originated in Germany. In August of 1939 Albert Einstein wrote a letter to president Roosevelt to inform him of the potential power of an atomic weapon.
It was only then that the United States Government began the serious undertaking known as the “Manhattan Project.” The project was designed to research and create a usable atomic bomb. By 1945, the project had nearly 40 laboratories and factories which employed 200,000 people. That was more than the American Automotive Industry employed at the time. On July 16, 1945, a brilliant flash changed the world. Thefirst atomic bomb, Fat Boy, was tested in Alamogordo, New Mexico.
This was the veryfirst time the world witnessed a nuclear explosion. Even before the bomb was tested, President Harry Truman had already made the decision to use it on Japan. Although the war was almost over, Truman still decided to use a weapon of such large devastation. There were three main reasons for this. The United States occupied many of the islands of the Pacific, and all that remained was an invasion of Japan.
But, the United States realized that the Japanese wouldn’t surrender easily.
Atomic Bomb as the United States government’s Project Essay
On the morning of August 6, 1945, a B-29 bomber named Enola Gay flew over the industrial city of Hiroshima, Japan and dropped thefirst atomic bomb ever known to this world.In result of the immense power withheld in the twenty thousand tons of TNT Hiroshima went up in flames.For the United States government, the project was a success.The Atomic Bomb ended World War II, but began serious controversies concerning its power and destructive potential. In this paper the question of what led to the development and use of the A-bomb will be answered. The Manhattan Project became the code name for the Top Secret US effort to produce an atomic bomb during WWII.It was named after the Manhattan engineer district of the US army, because a large amount of the early research for the bomb was done in New York City.According to Thefirst idea for the bomb came from the discovery of nuclear fission in 1938 by German Scientists, when many US scientists became fearful with the idea that Hitler might attempt to build a fission bomb. (The Manhattan Project, P. 24)Upset by the idea that Germany would be farther advanced than the US, in the building of a bomb, Leo Szilard wrote a letter to Albert Einstein.The idea was for Einstein to use his influences in Science to write a letter to the president of the United States, Franklin D.
Roosevelt.In the letter Einstein pleaded for the support to further the research on the power of nuclear fission.The letters were completely successful, and President Roosevelt granted funding to begin the Manhattan Project. (Day of the Bomb, Pgs. 26-30) On October 21, 1939, just 10 days after FDR received the letter about the idea for the A-bomb, thefirst advisory meeting of the Briggs Uranium Committee was held in Washington DC upon President Roosevelt’s order.But once the meeting took place the interest in the idea slowly diminished in the US. (URL, The Manhattan Project. P.
History of Creating an Atomic Bomb Essay
In 1939 the German born Albert Einstein had informed President Roosevelt about the possibility of creating a powerful bomb. It would produce an extremely powerful explosion by the splitting of an atom. Einstein and other scientists feared that Germany might develop such a bombfirst. In 1942, the United States set up a secret project called the Manhattan Project to develop thefirst Atomic Bomb. Thefirst test explosion of the Atomic Bomb occurred in the New Mexico desert in July 1945.
Roosevelt died in April of 1945, and Vice President Truman became President. Truman met with the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and the Russian Dictator Joseph Stalin, in Potsdam, Germany, in July 1945. At the Potsdam conference, a conference between the Allied forces to discuss war options, Truman learned of the successful test explosion of the Atomic Bomb. Truman informed the other Allied leaders that the Atomic Bomb was complete and ready. The United States, Britain, and China then issued a statement threatening to destroy Japan unless it surrendered unconditionally.
In spite of the warning, Japan kept fighting. Japan also did more than continue fighting. Japan, knowing that an Allied invasion was inevitable, began to train its civilians to defend the Japanese homelands. On August 6,1945, at 9:20 a.m., the American military dropped the atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima out of the Enola Gay, piloted by Colonel Tibbetts. This was an extremely controversial event in the United States.
Many U.S citizens did not know if the United States was justified in the dropping of the atomic bomb. Historians to this day still criticize the decision that the military made. The reason for this controversy is that it is difficult to predict what would have happened if the bomb were not dropped. In my opinion, the United States was justified in this action, and I have many reasons to support my belief.