Asthma control and treatment
Asthma for the past 20 to 30 years has been on the rise all over the world. Statistics indicate that an estimated 21.5 million of Americans are asthmatic, of which about 35% are aged 21 years or below. The cost associated with the disease has been staggering. Some direct cost includes treatment and control of the control while indirect cost includes days lost at school as well as at work place.
Asthmatic condition can be described as an act of panting and wheezing. “Although we know that Asthma results from a harmony of the opening of the airways due to swelling, muscles contracting and mucus in the bronchial tubes, a definitive definition remains elusive, “(Lieberman 1999 pp3). There are many studies that have shown the various causes of asthma rendering the definition unable to address the originality of the illness.
“Beginning in the late 1980s… consistently reported relations between dampness and mold problems in the home and the risk of asthma or wheezing children”, (Jaakkola, Harry & Jaakkola, 2005). Exposure to dampness and mould is one of the triggers of the asthmatic attack.
Another research about asthma was to find out if indoor air quality plays any role in increasing the rate of asthma. The research carried out by the Institute of medicine (IOM) found that it was important to control indoor allergies. This includes elimination of chemical pollutants, removing pets and pests in the house as well as controlling indoor humidity. Furthermore, teachers are also advised to ensure very minimal irritants are in the classrooms, as this can cause or trigger asthma attack to the students.
The government has tied to put forward other policies to take care of the asthmatic cases. Although there have been many factors that prevent the implementation of these policies, “… there is evidence that childhood asthma guidelines are more likely to be followed than are guidelines for other conditions,” (Lara et al, 2001, pp2).
Jaakkola J.J.K, Hwang B.F, Jaakkola W, (2005): Home Dampness and molds, Parental Atopy and Asthma in Childhood. A six Year population Based Cohort Study: Journal of Environmental Health Science, issue 3, Vol. 113.
Lara et al (2001): Improving Childhood Asthma Outcome in the United States: A
Blueprint for Policy Action, Santa Monica, Rand.
Lieberman P.M (1999): Understanding Asthma, Jackson MS: University Press of Mississippi.