Identify legislation that governs the use of medication in the social care settings? Legislation and guidance that control the prescribing, dispensing, administration, storage and disposal of medicines. The Medicines Act 1968, the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (and later amendments), the Misuse of Drugs (Safe Custody) Regulations 1973 (and later amendments), the Health and Safety at Work Act (1974), Control of Substances Hazardous to Health COSHH, legislation 1999, care standard Act 2000 receipt, storage and administration of medicines the Mental Capacity Act (2005) the Access to health records Act (1990), the Data Protection Act (1998) plus equality legislation. Administration and control of medicine in care homes and children services June 2003 hazardous waste regulations 2005. Legal framework: how the organisation policies and procedures reflect these for safe handling of medicines by all workers prescribing, dispensing, administration, storage and disposal.
Outline the legal classification system for medication? The classification of medicines are all related to the medicines act 1968, while working with medication, it is good to have an understanding and working knowledge of the common types of medication by training that should be provided by my company that I work for. There are various legal controls on the retail sale or supply of medicines which are set out in the Medicines Act 1968. Medicines are classified into three categories – Prescription Only, Pharmacy or General Sale List. Each category is subject to a number of controls. These controls apply to medicines sold or supplied by retail whether they are sold or supplied via internet transactions, by mail order, or any other form of supply. The general rule is that all licensed medicines are P unless otherwise designated.
Explain how and why policies and procedures are agreed ways of working must reflect and incorporate legislative requirements?
The policies and procedures are put in place to make sure that legislation is being followed so that all people in the setting, staff and the people who need care are being cared for are safe, all needs are being met, inclusive practice and diversity is being followed out and that the setting is staying within the law. They must reflect on legislation so that the policies and procedures are correct and are the correct way of doing things. For example, if a health and safety procedure I always make sure to put in place and was not in line with legislation, then this could cause the setting to get in trouble with the law and could cause harm to the individuals who was in need of health and safety requirements could become harmed.
Identify common types of medication?
The common types of medication, Anticoagulants Capsules, Tablets, Powders, Drops, Liquids, Inhalants and Skin preparations. Other Types of common medications are Analgesics, Antacids, Anti, anxiety Drugs, Antibacterial and Anti-depressantsetc. Antibiotics, Antipsychotic and anti-depressants.
List conditions for which each type of medication may be prescribed? Antibiotics are used to fight infections.
Analgesics are used to relieve pain Antacids are used to relieve indigestion.
Describe changes to an individual`s physical or mental well being that may indicate an adverse reaction to a medication. What is an adverse drug reaction; Medicines can treat or prevent illness and disease. However, sometimes medicines can cause problems. These problems are called adverse drug reactions. I should know what to do if I think that I or someone I take care of is having an adverse drug reaction. For example, any sudden or drastic changes in a patient’s physical and mental condition could indicate an I can report an acute fear of being hypnotic drug prescribed to individuals in my workplace or I can report to my line manage. For example Mrs. D if she forgets to take her medication, she can change totally because she is loss memory and she is messing up everything and when I give her medication Mrs. D calm down.
Describe the roles and responsibilities of those involved in prescribing, dispensing and supporting the use of medication. A combination of Doctors, and chemists and Pharmacists prescribe and dispense medication. This is to make sure not allergic to it, it works safely with other medications I am taking, and I take the medicine as prescribed. It is for safety for the consumer.
The role of a pharmacist goes beyond dispensing case, involved a violent and threatening customer who wanted medication of responsibilities, from dispensing medication to. Pharmacists distribute prescription drugs to individuals. They also advise their patients, physicians, and other health practitioners on the selection, dosages, interactions, and side effects of medications, as well as monitor the health and progress of those patients to ensure that they are using their medications safely and effectively. Compounding the actual mixing of ingredients to form medications is a small part of a pharmacist’s practice, because most medicines are produced by pharmaceutical companies in standard dosages and drug delivery forms. Most pharmacists work in a community setting, such as a retail drugstore, or in a health care facility, such as a hospital.
The roles and responsibilities a nurse and care worker when we receive the medication, pharmacists if am the care worker, I always make sure to Mrs D receive the right medication sometimes when delivery pharmacists they mix up the medication or open the box then I tell my line manage or I call pharmacists. Also, I am responsibility Mrs D her medication and that it is my part of my job when pharmacist delivery Mrs D medication and I check before they leave, it is the right one she takes regularly and I also check the date. Also, when I give her medication I make sure she takes properly her medication, because sometimes she keep her mouth the medication than when I leave her, she takes back the medication. So I always check before I leave Mrs D goes thought her mouth and said to her show me your mouth please then she show me her mouth and say thank you Mrs D.
Explain where responsibilities lie in relation to use of ‘over and supplements It is the responsibility of the user. The best way to become better informed and for young and old alike is to read and understand the information on Over-the-counter labels. Next to the medicine itself, label comprehension is the most important part of self-care with Over-the-counter medicines. If I read the label and still have questions I make sure to talk to a doctor, nurse, or pharmacist and GP. For example, when Mrs. D receives her medication I make sure to check the medication right one because sometimes is mess up. So I can report because I amresponsibilities her.
For example Mrs. D says to me can you get some medication, pharmacists and I say no because I am not allowed to take medication, pharmacists without prescribing if I order medication without prescribing she can take then she risk herself and that it is my fault. I always to make sure if Mrs. D asks me to get some medication in the pharmacists. So I make sure to tell my line manage or supervise. Also that it is part of health and safety in the care home or policies and procedures and also that it is very good to follow safe for the care worker and service users.
Describe the routes by which medication can be administered Definition: Medication route refers to the way that a drug is introduced into the body. This is based on the specific medication being used, the rate of absorption desired and the specific site of action where the medication needs to have an effect. Most drugs are manufactured for a specific route of administration and must be used as directed for safety and efficiency. Some examples of routes of administration include:
Oral: Medications are taken by mouth in pill, capsule or liquid form and absorbed into the system through the digestive system. Absorption is slow. Medications that use this option cannot be used if vomiting is occurring. Internal: Medications are administered into the rectum via a suppository and absorbed by the lower digestive tract. Mucosal: Medications are delivered through the nose or inhaled and are absorbed through the nasal mucosa or bronchioles, respectively. Vaginal administration of a medication is also considered mucosal. Parenteral: Any medication administration that involves injecting a drug directly into a vein intravenous, muscle intramuscular, artery intrarterial, abdominal cavity intrperitoneal, heart intracardiac or into the fatty tissue beneath the skin subcutaneous. The speed of absorption varies, but is faster than oral administration. This is used when more complete and faster absorption of a drug is needed.
Percutaneous: Medications are absorbed directly through the skin into the blood stream. Some hormone replacements are administered by patches that are absorbed slowly and evenly, for example. I always make sure to keep a record of all Mrs D current medicines she take, including their names and regimens dose, time, and other instructions for taking. I always make sure to Write down if any problems can get they have with the medicine Mrs D so I can discuss with the doctor or pharmacist she received every week.
Describe different forms in which medication may be presented
I always make sure use to describe a Medications may include situation will be different. Some patients will respond to CPR and medications immediately and other patients may What are the different ways in which I can give Mrs D medication? There are many ways to give her medicines, from tablets and capsules through to suppositories, through the skin and different types of injection. The choice of how you take your medication should be offered to you. The advantages and disadvantages should also be explained. Below are a few advantages and disadvantages of each of the different types. There are many different ways to take medicine, even though most may be familiar with just a few of these. It’s common to swallow a pill or take some liquid medication, but taking MEDs orally isn’t always practical or the best way to administer a medication.
To this end, medical researchers have developed quite a few methods to take medication to serve a variety of purposes. For many over the counter MEDs, it’s more common to take medicine orally. Oral MEDs can come in various forms, including different types of pills and liquids. New methods that are taken orally, but aren’t swallowed whole are various melt in the mouth MEDs, which may absorb into mouth tissues and not be processed through the stomach. Sometimes medications will work faster and be more effective if they don’t have to go through the gate first. Sometimes, a common medication people would take orally needs a different delivery system. Vomiting with fever for instance, could mean a person can’t keep a fever reducer down or needs anti-vomiting medication. Numerous medications are taken annually, via a suppository.
Though many people don’t care for suppository medication, it can be a good alternative when oral MEDs cannot be tolerated. There are different forms in which medication can be presented. Tablets and capsules, Syrups and liquids, Dispersible tablets melt-in-the-mouth, Injections depot or long-acting and Skin patches. When Mrs D receives her medication, it is one box divided into 14 compartments with lids in 7 days and when pharmacists to deliver her medication at home, I make sure to check before they leave me because sometimes they give her the medication some box it is open and that’s why I always check.