In this assessment am going to be discussing theories of communication and am going to be including Argyles stages of communication cycle and Tuckman stages of group interaction.
Essay Example on Michael Argyle Communication Theory
They are many ways barriers can be affected and in this assignment I will be talking about the languages how it effect communication, culture, background and area you live in. I will also be covering the way it can be overcome.
What is effective communication?
Effective communication is when the person/people understood what your message is. For example if you are talking to youths in London than you could use slang but if you used slang to an adult than they wouldn’t understand what you are trying to say. And you also need the right tone of voice because you can’t talk to fast or too slow if do talk to fast than the person/people wouldn’t be able to keep up with you and the communication wouldn’t be effective. Its also good to look at people when you are talking to them but sometimes even this effect communication because in some African cultures (sierra Leone) its rude to look at someone in the eye especially if they older than you.
Tuckman stages of groups interaction
Communication in groups can also be influenced by the degree to which people feel they belong together. When people first meet in a group they often go through a process of group formation. Many groups may experience some sort of struggle before people unite and communicate effectively. One of the best known theorists to explain group formation stages is Tuckman (1965). Tuckman suggested that most groups go through a process involving four stages.
Forming- people meeting for the first time and sharing formation.
storming- involves tension, struggle and sometimes arguments about the way the group might function
Norming- sees the group coming together and consciously or unconsciously agreeing on their group values.
Performing- being an effectively performing group.
The communication cycle
Effective communication involves a two way process in which each person tries to understand the viewpoint of the other person. Communication is a cycle because when two people communicate they need to make sure the other person has understood the message. Good communication involves the process of checking understanding, using reflective or active listening.
Michael Argyle stages of the commutation cycle.
Michael Argyle (1972) argued that interpersonal communication was that could be learning and communication was a skill that could be learning to drive a car. Argyle emphasised the importance of feedback in skilled activities. When you drive a car you have to change your behaviour depending on what is happening on the road. Driving involves a constant cycle of watching what is happening, working out how to respond, making response and then repeating this cycle until you reach your destination.
According to Argyle, skilled interpersonal interaction (social skills) involves a cycle in which you have to translate or ‘decode’ what other people are communicating and constantly effectively. Verbal and non-verbal communication is not always straightforward. The communication cycle involves a kind of code that has to be translated. You have to work kind of code that has to be translated. You have to work out what another person’s behaviour really means.