1st Essay Sample on Argentina
Following independence from Spain on July 9, 1816, Argentina experienced periods of internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between civilians and the military.After World War II, a long period of supreme rule and interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983, and numerous elections since then have underscored Argentina’s progress in democratic consolidation. The Argentine constitution of 1853 was modeled after that of the United States. Certain parts of its preamble reflect the ideals and aims of the United States’ constitution.The President and vice president each serve for a single six-year term.Under the constitution, the provinces of Argentina elect their own governors and legislatures.During periods when the constitution has been suspended, provincial governors have been appointed by the central government.Federal courts include the supreme court, seventeen appellate courts, and district and territorial courts on the local levels.The provincial court systems are similarly organized, consisting of supreme, appellate, and lower courts.According to the constitution of 1853, Argentina is a federal republic headed by a president, who is assisted by a council of ministers.Legislative powers are approved in a national congress consisting of a Senate and a House of Deputies.All constitutional provisions were suspended in 1966 following a military takeover. Since Argentina is located in the Southern Hemisphere, summer extends from December to March and winter is from June through September.In mountainous regions and destinations further south, average daytime temperatures can be noticeably colder.The north however has pleasant arid and subtropical climates.
2nd Essay Sample on Argentina
Argentina is the second largest country in South America and is the eighth largest in the world. It is located in the southern most part of South America, and it is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north; Uruguay, Brazil, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean and Chile to the west and south. The total surface area of Argentina is about 1. 1 million square miles and 1. 1 percent of this area is water.
It is about 2,300 miles long from north to south, and almost 870 miles from east to west. The highest point is located in the province of Mendoza, which is the Cerro Aconcagua Mountain. This is the highest mountain in the America’s, and it is about 22,834 feet tall. The lowest point of Argentina is the Laguna del Carbon Lake in the Santa Cruz province, which is 344 feet below sea level. This is also the lowest point in South America.
The four main regions of Argentina are the fertile plains of the Pampas in the central part of the country, the plateau of Patagonia in the southern part down to Tierra del Fuego, the subtropical northern area of the Gran Chaco, and the rugged Andes Mountain range along the western border with Chile. The fertile Pampas have great agriculture and cattle grazing, the region of Patagonia is cool, with wooded and fertile areas, and the Gran Chaco region, is swampy and partly wooded.
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Some of the major rivers in Argentina are the Paraguay, Bermejo, Colorado, Uruguay, and Parana. Of these five main rivers, the Parana River is the largest. Rivers such as the Uruguay and the Parana join together to form the estuary of the Rio de la Plata before reaching the Atlantic Ocean. The main lakes include the Argentino and Viedma in Santa Cruz, Nahuel Huapi between Rio Negro and Neuquen, and Fagnano in Tierra del Fuego. The weather in Argentina is fairly diverse.