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American Literature Unit 2

Lesson 1 Questions

An emotional appeal uses words and images to stir up an audience’s feelings.
True.

The “Speech to the Virginia Convention” addressed
The need to resist the military presence of the British.

Emotional appeal is a persuasive technique that provides reasons to support a particular opinion or course of action.
False.

In the “Speech to the Virginia Convention,” Henry discourages the delegates from resorting to argument because more can be achieved through reason than through hotheaded exchanges.
True.

Lesson 1 Vocab

Solace
Comfort.

Insidious
Sly; sneaky.

Supplication
Plea; prayer.

Avert
Turn away; prevent.

Spurned
Rejected.

Inviolate
Uncorrupted.

Adversary
Opponent.

Vigilant
Those who are watchful.

Lesson 1 Definitions

Persuasion
A kind of argument that uses logic and emotion to convince people to think or act in a certain way.

Logical Appeal
Are clear, sensible, and based on facts, specific reasons, and examples. These arguments appeal to our reasonable side, and ask us to put aside our emotions.

Emotional Appeal
Affects the listener’s feelings and usually evoke sympathy for the speaker; try to get readers to use their hearts when making decisions by eliciting feelings of happiness, sadness, excitement, loneliness, and fear.

Lesson 2 Questions

Identify the type of figurative language used in the following sentence: The runner was a quick as a rabbit.
Similie.

In “The Crisis No. 1,” Thomas Paine uses figurative language to compare King George to a common burglar.
True.

Identify the type of figurative language used in the following sentence: Duane dug ditches downtown.
Alliteration.

Lesson 2 Vocab

Tyranny
Cruel use of power.

Impious
Irreverent.

Ravage
Violent destruction.

Relinquished
Given up.

Pretense
False claim.

Domination
Rule; the right to govern.

Eloquence
Expressive or graceful manner of speech; powerful expression.

Lesson 2 Definitions

Style
The unique way that a writer uses language.

Similie
A figure of speech making a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words “like” or “as.”

Metaphor
A figure of speech making an implied comparison between tow relatively unlike things using a form of “be”; the comparison is not announced by the use of “like” or “as.”

Alliteration
Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words; used to create melody, establish mood, call attention to important words, and point out similarities and contrasts.

In “The Autobiography: The Declaration of Independence,” Thomas Jefferson seems especially angered by the
King’s ambassadors to the Colonies.

The repetition of sentences, causes, or phrases with identical or similar structures is called parallelism.
True.

In “The Autobiography: The Declaration of Independence,” Thomas Jefferson believes it is important to show how the original version of the Declaration of Independence was amended because
He wants people to know the framer’s intentions by seeing both what they included and what they did not.

Lesson 3 Vocab

Despotism
Rule by a tyrant or kind with unlimited power.

Assent
Agreement.

Tenure
Length of time that an office is held.

Perfidy
Betrayal of trust.

Opprobrium
Shameful conduct.

Lesson 3 Definitions

Parallelism
The repetition of sentences, clauses, or phrases with identical or similar structures.

Persuasive Techniques
Include appeals to the brain (logic) and to the heart (emotional).

In “The Iroquois Constitution,” Dekanawida advocates leaders who
Show patience, firmness, and calmness.

“The Iroquois Constitution” uses several public symbols to represent political concepts. One symbol is the Tree of the Great Long Leaves, which reflects a deep respect for the natural world.
True.

The main purpoe of Abigail Adams’ letter to her husband, titled “Letter to John Adams,” is to
Urge inclusion of women’s rights in governing documents for the new nation.

Lesson 4 Vocab

Covenant
Binding agreement; compact.

Chastisement
Punishment.

Remuneration
Payment.

Prerogative
Exclusive right or privilege.

Abject
Hopeless.

Lesson 4 Definitions

Symbolism
Use of a word, phrase, or a description that has meaning on its own yet also stands for something more.

Personal symbols
Created and developed by authors within their own works.

Public Symbols
Have a more universal meaning.

Author’s Purpose
The reason that the author is writing.

Lesson 5 Questions

An example of an inference is “People who live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones,” a statement that means you should not speak ill of others because it may come back to you in a negative way.
False.

The aphorisms in “Poor Richard’s Almanack” support the basic belief that knowledge is better than experience.
False.

Autobiographies deal with real events and people that affected a writer’s life.
True.

In “Arrival in Philadelphia,” describes his first day in the city when he is hungry, tired, dirty, and poor, and he buys three rolls but give two of them a woman and child.
True.

An inference is a conclusion that a reader draws about the meaning of a text, given the author’s clues within the text.
True.

Lesson 5 Vocab

Arduous
Difficult.

Rectitude
Correctness.

Facilitate
Make easier.

Subsequent
Following.

Eradicate
Eliminate; get rid of or destroy completely; eradicated.

Lesson 5 Definitions

Autobiography
The author’s purpose is to tell a story of his or her own life; present real events and people that affected the writer’s life; include many, but not all, details of an author’s life.

Aphorism
A concise, witty statement of wisdom or opinion.

Mid Unit Quiz

In his “Speech to the Virginia Convention,” Patrick Henry points out a contradiction between British claims of nonviolent intent and Britain’s growing military existence in America.
True.

Ben Franklin considered moral perfect to be a state attainable through study and practice.
True.

In the “Speech to the Virginia Convention,” Henry points out a contradiction between British
Claims of peaceful intent and the growing British military presence in America.

In the “Speech to the Virginia Convention,” Patrick Henry advocates instantaneous action by the colonists because the
Conflict has already begun and the colonists have no choice but to fight.

An interpretation of “Love you neighbors; yet don’t pull down your hedge” is “Out of sight, out of mind.”
False.

The Declaration of Independence is famous for its non-poetic and well-founded arguments against unfair treatment of the American Colonists at the hands of King George III.
False.

In “The Autobiography: The Declaration of Independence,” believes it is important to show how the original version of the Declaration of Independence was amended because
He wants people to know the framer’s intentions by seeing both what they included and what they did not.

The selection, “The Autobiography: The Declaration of Independence,” from Thomas Jefferson’s autobiography, shows how the Second Continental Congress altered his original draft to produce the final draft of the Declaration of Independence.
True.

The main purpose of Abigail Adams’ letter to her husband is to
Urge inclusion of women’s rights in governing documents for the new nation.

The repetition of sentences, clauses, or phrases with identical or similar structures is called parallelism.
True.

In “The Autobiography: The Declaration of Independence,” the effect of the parallelism in this statement, “He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people,” is to
Emphasize the king’s crimes against the united colonists.

When Thomas Paine States that “what we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly; “tis dearness only that gives everything its value,” in his selection titled “The Crisis No. 1,” he is
Comparing ‘s tyranny to worldwide slavery.

Lesson 6 Questions

In “Thanatopsis,” the writer reflects upon Nature as a mirror of his happy moods and a comfort for his darker thoughts, particularly those of death.
True.

In the poem “Thanatopsis,” Nature urges the poet to find comfort in the
Knowledge that death joins us with all other people.

Read the following quotation from “Thanatopsis”: “The oak / Shall send his roots abroad, and pierce thy mold.” What does Bryant mean in this statement?
Oak trees will send roots through you corpse.

Lesson 6 Vocab

Blight

Clod

Plot

Mirth

Lesson 6 Definitions

Inversion
An interchange of position of adjacent objects in a series, particularly a change in normal word order, such as the placement of a verb before its subject.

Lesson 7 Questions

Jotting down the meaning of unfamiliar words and paraphrasing difficult lines are part of the process of
Annotating a poem.

Longfellow uses an iambic meter in “The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls” to
Capture the rising and ebbing tide.

To annotate a poem, think about the meaning of unfamiliar words, try to paraphrase difficult lines, or restate them in your own words.
False.

Lesson 7 Vocab

Halo
Circular band of light.

Martyrdom
Painful death of a martyr.

Ravines
Long, narrow valleys with steep sides.

Lesson 7 Definitions

Meter
The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem; some syllables are stressed, and this stress indicates that those syllables should be emphasized when reading the poem; some syllables are unstressed, and these syllables are not emphasized.

Foot
A metrical unit of poetry made of at least on stressed syllable and at least one unstressed syllable.

Iambic Meter
Each foot contains one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable.

Spondee
Two stressed syllables together.

Annotation
Is simply a not about a text.

Lesson 8 Questions

Which of the following quotes contains an example of personification?
“…come out these envoys of beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile.”

Imagery is the use of pictures and illustrations in a piece of writing.
False.

In “Self-Reliance,” Emerson says we are “ashamed of that divine idea which each of us represents.” Which of the following best describes the meaning of the phrase “that divine idea”?
Each person’s unique character, as conceived by God.

Lesson 8 Vocab

Transparent
Able to see through.

Admonishing
Gently Warning

Integrate
Form into a whole.

Blithe
Happy; cheerful; carefree.

Egotism
Thinking excessively of oneself.

Lesson 8 Definition

Imagery
Words that appeals to the senses, to describe scenes in nature that move him.

Figure of Speech
A word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another, very different thing.

Simlie
A comparison that does not use a connecting word such as “like” or “as.”

Personification
Giving human-like qualities to nonhuman things.

Lesson 9 Questions

Which of the following generalization best summarizes Thoreau’s opinions about life, as depicted in “Walden, or Life in the Woods”?
A simple life is a happy life.

A metaphor is a type of figurative language in which a direct comparison is made between two unlike things.
True.

In “Walden, or Life in the Woods,” what generalization can you make about Thoreau’s feelings after he witnesses the battle between the black ants and the red ants?
Ants, like humans, will fight ferociously for what’s at stake.

Lesson 9 Vocab

Superficial
On the surface.

Incessantly
Without stopping; constantly; continuously.

Derision
Ridicule or contempt.

Tumultuous
Very noisy; disorderly, or violent; greatly agitated or disturbed.

Ethereal
Not of the earth; spiritual.

Lesson 9 Definitions

Generalization
A type of inference, or conclusion, that you draw based on specific sections in the writing.

Lesson 10 Questions

Which of the following is most important for a comparison-contrast essay?
A clear statement regarding what is being compared and contrasted.

Political writings are generally a type of persuasive writing.
True.

Which of the following is a technique used for comparing two things?
Metaphor.

Unit Quiz

Anything that takes away hope or causes ruin is not blight.
False.

A writer’s style is the unique way that he or she uses language.
True.

In his “Speech to the Virginia Convention,” Patrick Henry points out a contradiction between British claims of nonviolent intent and ‘s growing military existence in
True.

In “The Crisis No. 1,” Paine encourages his fellow colonists to renew the fight for British imperialist rule.
False.

The selection, “The Autobiography: The Declaration of Independence,” from Thomas Jefferson’s autobiography, shows how the Second Continental Congress altered his original draft to produce the final draft of the Declaration of Independence.
True.

In “Nature,” Emerson’s description of the waving boughs in the storm supports which main idea?
There is a mysterious relationship between humans and the fields and woods.

The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in what makes a poem’s meter.
True.

In the essay, “Nature,” what does Emerson mean by nature?
The impressions we get from different natural objects.

In the “Speech to the Virginia Convention,” when Patrick Henry uses the words “chains and slavery” near the end of his speech, he is referring to the possibility of enslaving captured British troops.
False.

To walk slowly or with difficulty means to plod.
True.

In “The Autobiography: The Declaration of Independence,” uses parallel structure in his arguments when he
Repeats identical words or phrases at the beginning of many paragraphs.

In “Self-Reliance,” what is the meaning of “Speak what you think now in hard words, and tomorrow speak what tomorrow thinks in hard words again”?
Say what’s on your mind in the strongest way you can.

Thomas Paine argues that the best way to defeat the British is by joining together the troops of all the states to fight as one group.
True.

When Thomas Paine states that “What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly; “this dearness only that gives everything its values,” in his selection titled “The Crisis No. 1,” he is
Stating that a fight for freedom is certainly a worthy cause.

Which senses does the imagery in this quote appeal to: “For, nature is not always tricked in holiday attire, but the same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for the frolic of the nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today?
Sight and smell.

In this poem, Nature urges the poet to find comfort in the
Knowledge that death joins us with all other people.

In “The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls,” the rising and falling of the tide suggests
The passage of time.

Benjamin Franklin ranks the virtues according to the idea that the mastery of one virtue facilitates the mastery of the next virtue.
True.

Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or within words.
True.

In the first half of “Thanatopsis,” Bryant describes death as
Something welcome.

Which statement summarizes the cycle described in the poem, “Thanatopisis”?
The dead are replaced by the living, who die in turn.

According to the poem “Thanatopsis,” what should people do when they feel afraid of death?
Go into Nature and listen to what Nature teaches.

Which is the best paraphrase of the following metaphor: “We do not rid the railroad; it rides upon us”?
People are controlled by what they create rather than controlling their creations.

In the line, “The little waves, with their soft, white hands…,” which of the following is true?
The line’s metrical feet coincide with the imagery.

In the selection in “Walden, or Life in the Woods” called “Brute Neighbors,” what do the ants symbolize?
Human warfare.

In the beginning of the poem, “Thanatopsis,” Nature speaks to
The person who thinks about nature.

A symbol is a representation of something, either by association or by resemblance. It can be a material object or a writing sign used to represent something that cannot be seen.
True.

In “Self-Reliance,” what is the meaning of “Trust thyself: Every heart vibrates to that iron string”?
Trust yourself, and you will be strong.

Which of the following best describes Emerson’s attitude toward society, as depicted in “Nature”?
He values nature highly and has some contempt for society.

In “Thanatopsis,” William Cullen Bryant reflects upon nature as a mirror of his
Happy moods and a comfort for his darker thoughts, particularly those of death.

When Thoreau uses the metaphor “I wanted to live deep and suck the marrow out of life,” he means that he
Wants to get the most from life that he possibly can.

The repeated last line in “The Tide Rises, the” is intended to suggest
The predictable passage of time.

In the “Speech to the Virginia Convention,” when Patrick Henry uses the words “chains and slavery” near the end of his speech, he is referring to the
Price he does not want people to pay for peace.

Jotting down the meaning of unfamiliar words and paraphrasing difficult lines are part of the process of
Annotating a poem.

In “Self-Reliance,” Emerson says we are “ashamed of the divine idea which each of us represents.” Which oft the following best describes the meaning of the phrase “The divine idea”?
Each person’s unique character, as conceived by God.

The theme of “Thanatopsis” strongly suggests that human beings are
An ongoing part of the earth itself.

Logical appeals are based on reason, facts, and examples. Emotional appeals are based on images and words that rouse people’s feelings.
True.

Which of the following quotes contains an examples of personification?
“…come out of these envoys of beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile.”

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