Air pollution is the introduction into the atmosphere of chemicals, articulates, and biological matter that cause harm to humans, other living organisms, or cause damage to the natural environment. Stratospheric ozone depletion (contributed to air pollution) has long been recognized as a threat to human health as well as to the Earth’s ecosystems. Causes Of Air Pollution: a) Ozone – A gas that can be found in two places. Near the ground (the troposphere), it is a major part of smog.
The harmful ozone in the lower atmosphere should not be confused with the protective layer of ozone in the upper atmosphere (stratosphere), which screens out harmful ultraviolet rays. Sources: Ozone is not created directly, but is formed when nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds mix in sunlight. That is why ozone is mostly found in the summer. Nitrogen oxides come from burning gasoline, coal, or other fossil fuels. B) Carbon monoxide – A gas that comes from the burning of fossil fuels, mostly in cars. It cannot be seen or smelled. Sources: Carbon monoxide is released when engines burn fossil fuels.
Emissions are higher when engines are not tuned properly, and when fuel is not completely burned. Cars emit a lot of the carbon monoxide found outdoors. Furnaces and heaters in the home can emit high concentrations of carbon monoxide, too, if they are not properly maintained. C) Nitrogen dioxide – A reddish-brown gas that comes from the burning of fossil fuels. It has a strong smell at high levels. Sources: Nitrogen dioxide mostly comes from power plants and cars. Nitrogen dioxide is formed in two ways?when nitrogen in the fuel is burned, or when nitrogen in the air reacts with oxygen at very high temperatures.
Nitrogen dioxide can also react in the atmosphere to form ozone, acid rain, and particles. ) Particulate matter – Solid or liquid matter that is suspended in the air. Particulate matter can be divided into two types?coarse particles and fine particles. Coarse particles are formed from sources like road dust, sea spray, and construction. Fine particles are formed when fuel is burned in automobiles and power plants. E) Sulfur dioxide – A corrosive gas that cannot be seen or smelled at low levels but can have a “rotten egg” smell at high levels.
Sources: Sulfur dioxide mostly comes from the burning of coal or oil in power plants. It also comes from factories that make chemicals, paper, or fuel. Like nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide reacts in the atmosphere to form acid rain and particles. F) Greenhouse gases – Gases that stay in the air for a long time and warm up the planet by trapping sunlight. This is called the “greenhouse effect” because the gases act like the glass in a greenhouse. Some of the important greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. Sources: Carbon dioxide is the most important greenhouse gas.
It comes from the burning of fossil fuels in cars, power plants, houses, and industry. Methane is released during the processing of fossil fuels, and also comes from natural resources like cows and rice paddies. Nitrous oxide comes from industrial sources and decaying plants. Effects Of Air pollution: a) Acid Rain: Acid rain describes any form of precipitation with high levels of nitric and sulfuric acids. It can also occur in the form of snow, fog, and tiny bits of dry material that settle to Earth. The biggest cause of acid rain is burning of fossil fuels by coal-burning power plants, factories, and automobiles.
Acid rain has many ecological effects, but none is greater than its impact on lakes, streams, wetlands, and other aquatic environments. Acid main makes waters acidic and causes them to absorb the aluminum that makes its way from soil into lakes and streams. This combination makes waters toxic to crayfish, clams, fish, and other aquatic animals. Acid rain also damages forests, especially those at higher elevations. It robs the soil of essential nutrients and releases aluminum in the soil, which makes it hard for trees to take up water. Trees’ leaves and needles are also harmed by acids. ) The Greenhouse Effect: The greenhouse effect can lead to changes in the climate of the planet. Some of these changes might include more imperative extremes, higher sea levels, changes in forest composition, and damage to land near the coast. Human health might be affected by diseases that are related to temperature or by damage to land and water. SKIN RASH I NAUSEA ASTHMA I Chronic Lung Disease I Bronchitis I High level of lead I Irritation of eyes, nose and throats Heart Disease Health Effects: Air Pollution Prevention and Solutions Tips: Air pollution control helps to keep the environment clean.
In order to reduce the amount of air pollution that is allowed to escape into the environment, arioso pollution control measures must be taken by individuals and industries alike. While there are different types of air pollution control available, understanding the main differences between these methods can be confusing. The best methods for air pollution control often depend On the individual or industry using them. Activated carbon is one of the most popular forms of air pollution control. This type of control involves the use of a pollution filter, carbon, to reduce the amount of pollutants that are allowed to escape into the air.
When in use, these filters absorb pollutants helping to leans the air of any possible toxins. Controlling air pollution isn’t just about picking the best solution and doing nothing else. There are many little things people can do every day to reduce gasoline or electricity use, which reduces the need to consume more fossil fuels: * Microwave meals instead of cooking with a gas stove. * Hang laundry up to dry instead of using a gas or electric dryer. * Avoid burning wood, leaves, trash, and charcoal during ozone action days. * use public transportation for short local trips. Reduce dependence on central air conditioning with fans and open endows when possible. * Avoid running your car’s engine during traffic jams and train crossings. * Stop smoking or at least follow the “No Smoking” sign. * Keep your car properly maintained to keep it in good run inning condition to avoid smoke emissions. * Instead of using your cars, choose to walk or ride a bicycle whenever possible. With this echo-friendly practice, you will also be healthier and happier by staying fit. * Never use open fires to dispose of wastes. * Reconnect with nature.
Live green by using green power supplied abundantly and freely by wind and the sun. Enjoy fresh air from open windows to lessen the use Of air condition inning system. * use echo-friendly or biodegradable materials instead of plastic which are made up of highly toxic substances injurious to your health. * Plant more trees and put indoor plants in your homes. * Have a proper waste disposal system especially for toxic wastes k Take very good care of your pets and their wastes. * Don’t waste water * Never throw, run or drain or dispose into the water, air, or land any substance in solid, liquid or gaseous form that shall cause pollution. Use Lott bag and don’t burn plastic * Industries should use fuel with lower sulfur content. * Industries should monitor their air emissions regularly and take measures to ensure compliance With the prescribed emission standards. K Industries should strictly follow applicable government regulations on pollution control. * Organic waste should be dumped in places far from residential areas. Conclusion: Air pollution is the cause of our undisciplined actions and irresponsibility. We, humans are only creating problems that consequently we will also carry the burden of these problems.
We all know that Air pollution can affect our health badly and seriously. It can cause such sicknesses and diseases that will badly affect our health. We all know how important air is. And so therefore, we should keep, protect, save, and help prevent our air from being polluted, we should act as early as now. We should not wait for the time until people are competing just to get sufficient, fresh and clean air, the time where clean air is insufficient to the people and animals, and the time where in our sources of air are diminishing or until the time where there are totally no resources of air.
And so, let us be disciplined and responsible enough to save, protect and conserve not only sources of air but also our mother nature because our nature provides and helps us in our daily lives. Let’s just realize how important our mother nature is. It is our only source of living. Let us not destroy it nor pollute it. Let us act for a change. We need and we should help save and conserve our mother nature. Absolutely, there are many simple ways in how we can help. Change ourselves before we construct changes in our nature.