Valuess are criterions and principals by which we live our lives. These criterions are many and frequently depend on people`s background e.g. Culture, category, faith, gender, age. Valuess are highly single attitudes that direct people`s responses to the universe around them. Amongst some of the values I live my life by and regard are privateness leting me to hold infinite to myself and esteeming the fact that others may want privateness, to be safe and besides leting others the same, holding self regard, being trusty, being non judgmental, being anti discriminatory, respect life and religion, value freedom and equality, value pick and others points of position.

I have learned to populate my life this manner from my parents and their households. The schools and church where I was taught, espoused the values of human self-respect, solidarity for the common good, charity, and the household, all of which I continue to keep beloved. I hence try to guarantee that I treat people the manner I would wish to be treated.

Because of these values, I am able to work merrily alongside the organisation I volunteer for, as their policies and processs represent many of these common values. We guarantee the right to self-respect, pick, regard, privateness, and protection. I must see my clients beliefs and penchants.

I presently volunteer as a Befriender for a group that helps grownups with larning disablements become included within the community through socialisation, by fiting Befriendees with supportive Befrienders. I, as a voluntary for this organisation, provide their service participants with the chance to take a full and fulfilling portion in their community.

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I besides help to raise consciousness of issues impacting grownups with larning troubles in community engagement.

I did this in a major manner by take parting in the aggregation and presentation of our request to the Scots Parliament to bespeak that Befriending is to be financed with nucleus support. Although Befriending, to assist societal inclusion was briefly mentioned as a agency of back uping grownups with larning disablements in “Same as you Strategy”2000, this article has ne’er been defined by the authorities as a nucleus service to be provided by councils. As a consequence, Befriending for Adults with Learning Disabilities has seldom been financed or delivered by statutory services. However, the societal work section is the chief agencies of referral to our organisation and so for the minute receive this service free, financed by charitable contributions. I feel this is a signifier of statutory favoritism against our client group and trust our request resolves this state of affairs. This request has received a positive reaction from the requests commission and is still traveling through the commission processes.

The nucleus values of our administration are underpinned by the National Care Standards, which were set up under the Regulation of Care ( Scotland ) Act 2001. This Act came about to modulate the attention and societal work force and set out the principals of good attention pattern.

The Care Commission was set up under this Act to register, modulate, and inspect all attention services listed in the Act. It besides established The Scottish Social Services Council ( SSSC ) . The SSSC has purposes and aims to protect the service users, rise criterions, strengthen, and support work force professionalism. There are six chief criterions laid down in National Care Standards that are at the Centre of any attention pattern.

Dignity “making person feel worthy and impressive” as defined in the Oxford English Dictionary. I guarantee that I give self-respect by esteeming persons for who they are. I recognise all persons are different and I am sensitive and cognizant of this.

Privacy and confidentiality is the demand and right to privacy. The rule of confidentiality between me and the service user is built on common regard and trust. Confidentiality is farther reinforced by the Data Protection Act 1998. This allows our service users to see any information that is held on them.

I must guarantee that this information is held firmly in a locked filing cabinet. Any information I write in an activity program must be true, factual, and accurate with my sentiments to be nonsubjective.

Choice means giving and explicating different options to persons. I support our service users by promoting their right to take. By offering they limited options that will promote them to look at positive options within a safe environment.

Safety means that I must guarantee my service user when in my attention, is protected from injury and maltreatment. If I suspect or observe that injury and maltreatment has or is taking topographic point, against a service user, I must describe the incident in an Incident Report Form within 36 hour of the episode to my line director. I besides complete a hazard appraisal signifier before any activity.

Gaining Potential ensures that I must let my service users the opportunity to take to accomplish things great and little within their abilities.

These nucleus values are represented within our administrations policies and processs. To guarantee client safety we have a Health and Safety Policywhich is designed to follow with the Health and Safety at work Act 1974. Hazard Appraisals are used on a day-to-day footing before an activity to guarantee that the staff and clients are safe on the premises. We besides have Accident and Incident Reporting processs which are required under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases, and Dangerous Occurrences Regulation 1995 ( RIDDOR ) , Social Security Regulations 1979 ( SRR ) , Data Protection Act, to be reportedin an efficient mode.

I must finish relevant signifiers and study to my line director. If an event requires describing straight to RIDDOR the records should be kept firmly for at least three old ages. Our Equalities policy complies with the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 and 1986, the Race Relations Act of 1976 and the Race Relation Amendments Regulations of 2003, the Disability Discrimination Act 1995. Our organisation opposes all signifiers of unjust and improper favoritism on the evidences of coloring material, race, faith, nationality, societal background, gender, sexual orientation, matrimonial position, age and disablement. It besides promotes the rule of equal chances in paid employment, voluntary work, and service proviso. Although it is of import to use positive values within my pattern, it is sometimes hard to make so. Giving person pick demands to be balanced by guaranting that this pick is safe and positive.

Giving Adults with Learning Disabilities excessively many picks can do confusion and sometimes fear. So I give limited positive picks to guarantee that this does non go on.

Safety issues can besides restrict picks, as under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 and National Care Standards it is of import that I guarantee my client is safe from injury and maltreatment. If a hazard appraisal shows that an activity is non suited to the client because of safety issues so the pick of making that peculiar activity is reduced. The values conflicting here are my clients wellness and safety and his right to pick. Privacy and confidentiality is dealt with in our Confidentiality policy. Our organisation requires information about clients, voluntaries, staff other organisations and our ain organisation.

I am hence committed to guaranting that all information is stored safely which besides allows appropriate retrieval. Confidential stuff must be kept in a locked cabinet. Volunteers are merely able to see files “on a demand to cognize footing only” . Computer entree is limited to authorised staff and information backed up. All of these policies are compatible with the Data Protection Act 1998.If a client discloses something to me and inquire me non to state anyone so I must esteem his/her wants as a affair of trust. However, sometimes this can be hard, particularly if maltreatment is disclosed. Under these fortunes I am obliged to state him/her that I understand his/her demand for confidentiality, but the fortunes require me to rede my line director in authorship and that this will be in his/her best involvements and to seek non to worry. The values conflicting here are protection from injury and maltreatment and confidentiality. As we do non provide a attention service, we are non required to register with the Care Commission, but we guarantee all our policies and processs meet their criterions.

As all clients under these criterions are lawfully allowed an individualized attention program, we alternatively have an activity program. To guarantee no favoritism takes place the client is assessed utilizing ( Ref1 ) PIES.

We take into history, our clients Physical demands, Intellectual needs, Emotional needs, and Social demands. Needs were foremost described as demands for our endurance in the theoretical account put frontward by ( Ref 2 ) Abraham Maslow, a Humanist Psychologist. He stated that human demands can be arranged in a step ladder pyramid and that the lower degree demands must be satisfied before higher degrees can be met.

Get downing from the basic psychological demand, so traveling to safety and security, societal, esteem, and self- realization. He suggested that non fulfilling these needs the individual could go defeated and emotionally hard-pressed, with perchance poorness and crisis taking topographic point. He besides suggested that these demands must be met in order.

Prejudice as ( Ref3 ) defined in the Collins dictionary “is an unreasonable disfavor of a peculiar group of people or things, or a penchant for a one group of people or things over another” . Prejudice is caused by a deficiency of apprehension of something, doing the incorrect feeling to be created. ( Ref4 ) The Functionalist positions province that society can be likened to the human organic structure, with different variety meats ( establishments ) holding different maps yet all working together to maintain the organic structure ( society ) alive. The negative facets of favoritism harmonizing to the functionalists province that it exacerbates poorness and offense, that society fails to utilize the resources of all persons, discourages good will, and deter the declaration of differences. These negative facets can supply occupations by holding to use constabulary officers, justness system, and civil retainers. Although non to be encouraged, the functionalists province that the positive facets of prejudice keep people in their proper topographic point within society and deter them from oppugning their topographic point within society. The functionalists believe that it is normal for one group to be superior to the other, that society is unequal and competition within society is natural. Discrimination happens when one group does non desire to hold another group change their set functions. Changes in the economic system can see prejudice impacting those in poorness because other groups may experience that the benefit system budget is being abused by those who are out of work. Prejudice can be seen in my client group, which has a definite demand of the benefit system. Working with people with larning disablements has shown me that bias arises amongst some of the local community.

This is a little subdivision of the community pre- judgment those with learning disablements through deficiency of cognition and so they hold unfavorable positions or sentiments towards people who are different and so blustery can take topographic point. Adults with learning disablements are a subdivision of society that tends non to be able to stand up for themselves.

They rely on household, societal workers, protagonism workers, and support workers to rede them on their rights, picks, and duties. Unfortunately, through no mistake of their ain, some subdivisions of this community may non have this relevant information.

They do non have the attention, benefits, and advice that they need, or they do non have the statutory services they deserve. This can be caused by certain people denying our client group their rights and so know apart against them. Harassment, intimidation, and hate offenses of those with learning disablements takes topographic point in many countries.

The recent decease of a female parent and girl burned to decease in England after legion menaces and torment is an inordinate illustration and consequence of favoritism. Discrimination takes topographic point through fright, misinterpretation, misinformation, and so every bit good as Torahs against favoritism, we need to educate and supply preparation against it. To seek to guarantee that the incident that took topographic point does non go on in our community, our organisation is involved in supplying a preparation service to the community.

I have taken portion in preparation to seek to educate young persons from the local secondary school about

Learning Disabilities. This resulted in them going equal voluntaries to younger kids with Learning Disabilities from the local school for autistic kids. A music group was set up to convey these two groups of childs together, with positive consequences.

( Ref 5 ) Adults with Learning Disabilities are more likely to develop wellness jobs. Therefore, without support, they may non be able to do their feelings known and so screening and or intervention may be denied. The demand for support to let them to take as normal a life as their abilities allow and to entree services, has a fiscal cost to society.

The belief that people with larning disablements, are a fiscal load to society, and non supplying relevant support is grounds of discrimination.Their ailment wellness has my client group grownups with larning disablements trusting on benefits. Therefore, being able to afford the usage of conveyance and taking portion in societal activities are reduced for those who are on benefits. This is more apparent in those with larning disablements in rural countries. They are socially excluded and marginalized, through the deficiency of low-cost and regular conveyance services.

The opportunities of employment for this group of persons are rare as most do non hold the capacity to prosecute in work and so they will go on to populate on benefits. Psychologically that can ensue in depression, low self- regard, defeat, or anger. Causing their behavior to be affected, by them going withdrawn or violent.

Through statute law, societal attention organisations now have to be more accountable and have increasing duties to compose and keep policy and processs. These have to follow with current statute law and exist to protect people`s rights and guarantee quality services are provided. Our policies and processs must hold specific guidelines, for illustration, they cover confidentiality and privateness, equal chances, wellness and safety, maltreatment policies, lone working patterns, activity planning and reappraisals and hazard appraisal and direction.

I have a duty to read the organisations policy and processs exhaustively and incorporate them into my pattern. I should question any uncertainnesss and describe any violations. If I am uneasy about the pattern of others within the organisation or within any other bureau I come into contact with, I must describe to my line director and seek advice. My director has a duty to bring forth these policies and processs guaranting they incorporate current statute law. Management ensures that staff and service users have easy entree to them. Discussion and contemplation of policies and processs to guarantee they are justified and explained to staff is encouraged. I receive continued preparation, support, and supervising and engage in partnership working with relevant bureaus.


1. Elizabeth Bingham + . ( 2009 ) . Social Care: Group Award Graded Unit. In: Heinemann HNC in Social Care. Edinburgh: Heinemann. 147.

2. Elizabeth Bingham + . ( 2009 ) . Psychological positions and Theories on development and demands.

In: Heinemann HNC in Social Care. Edinburgh: Heinemann. 86-89.

3. hypertext transfer protocol: //

4. Eliz Bingham + ( 2009 ) . HNC in Social Care. Edinburgh: Heinemann. 112

5. hypertext transfer protocol: // — releases-2005/14-july-2005/ ? locale=en

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