Part of the mobilization plot of women is the promotion of women rights and gender equality by making laws that address men and women in almost the same degree. The government had a legal framework consisting of women councils where the public can exchange views about community issues as well as national concerns towards overall development of Rwanda. As a result, many programs and policies were created empowering the women in the country to actively participate in the government’s efforts of reconciling the battling ethnic groups and restoring the peace and order of the country.
Some of them are the Vision 2020, the decentralization policy, the land policy, Rwanda Land Bill, and the Gacaca system. Conclusion The traditional methods of describing women nevertheless locked opportunities for women to exercise their power. They are marginalized and stereotyped as powerless during times of conflicts. However, the Rwandan genocide proved that women are not powerless as previously thought. The conflicting female role models proved that women can take any roles in which the society doesn’t have to dictate.
Former studies of genocides focused on women and their grim fate. As the bearer of the “ethnic identity”, as in the case of 1994 Rwandan genocide, women were hunted, raped, and massacred. However, careful observations revealed that women’s participation was not limited to victimization but also involved women in the widespread atrocities. In fact, the whole country was involved in the killings. This results to a necessary rethinking and remodeling of the traditional female role models. Also, the power of women in transforming the society was seen in the aftermath of the genocide.
Empowerment of women by various social organizations and the government resulted to steadily successful reconciliation and restoration efforts. Women who replaced the seats traditionally held by men passed laws and policies in favor of women rights and gender equality. Women’s voices were heard in many gatherings for political and social reasons. Women provided solutions to community problems as well as long term local and international efforts of reconciliation and restoration.
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