Cherokee Indians: The Removal
Americans, in which were European Descent, passed an act which allowed the president to go on Native lands and talk about the removal treaties with Cherokee Indians. This was historical event is the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Some Indians from the Cherokee Nation were okay with this, some were not. The Cherokees were not okay with a constitution for their government was becoming less included as time went by and had leaders that came from a powerful group filled with men, whose class in America was high for their wealth, that incommensurately served Europeans.
Supporting needs to migrate to native lands leading to the Cherokee becoming upset and to see Europeans moving onto their land. As they sit and watch them “mining their gold, stealing their livestock, and evicting them from their houses and farms.” (92) European soldiers were sent to protect the Indians from intruders. This was offering a form of protection to the Cherokees even though they were being forced out of their own land.
Those who were with it moved west to the Mississippi River and let the Europeans continue their work on moving Indians out. This was a good idea for Indians could gain more land but ending up losing their home. Yet the Cherokees who were against went to fight against the act being put to action. Cherokees made changes to their lifestyles by changing their own political and official methodology to maintain their rights.(19) Thus leading to the Treaty of New Echota. This treaty forced indians to move there. Cherokee Women were presented during group meetings along with the chiefs, this allowed them to write petitions to gratify and express their feelings towards the Indian Removal Act, in which was signed by President Andrew Jackson. The Cherokee Women beg through their first petition on May 2nd 1817, “ Your mothers, your sister ask and beg of you not to part with any more of our land….don’t part with any more of our lands but continue on it & enlarge your farms.” (132) European and Cherokee females did not have a say even when they throw petitions at congress.
Men views were different, especially the views on that have a social class. John Ridge, “A promoter of ‘civilization’” (40) and Anglo-American, Since he grew up around politics he became interested in culture, specifically change. He was educated and able to participate in debates along with the signing of the Indian removal act.
Ridge spoke for all the Cherokee in his letter to Albert Gallatin indians by explaining how the indians do different actions with their culture, “the loyalty of our citizens to their Government and their laws and are determined to secure these blessings to their descendents yet unborn as inheritance.” (39) Allowing, He went along and signed the indian removal act. despite the fact that Ridge spoke about his culture he uses terms such as “Savage state” and has said “All nations has had their rises & their falls. This has been the case with us.” (44) The ultimate goals of the Cherokee nation (along with young wolf) was to protect property and to allow Europeans to merge with the Cherokee Indian Tribe and become a communal community. Even if it means changed they did not want to leave their land, their live stock, their home. To be forcefully removed from a large communal piece of land where native tribes would be is a way to start wars and not make allies. To change a tribes way living culture affects how tribes live. Rebecca Neugin was forced out of her home. She explains how her father walks into the woods as Rebecca and the rest of her family traveled, “Hunting for turkeys and deer which he brought it to into camp”(179) Describing her time walking the trail of tears. Although this is a critical moment in history in which impacts indians across the nation; some views of the act changed over time. WIlma Mankiller, a former Cherokee Nation Chief, justifies in her excerpt how “Thousands have perished” and how the removal was “ugly and unwarranted.” (184). Even so, in 1984 Mankiller found a group that was created in which was called the Red Clay, this was a place where people from the Cherokee Nation from Oklahoma and Eastern Band would come together and do ceremonial events in which is described as a reunion. There are many stories about the removal and have been told in many perspectives, but it all relates to the belief of the lack of fairness that came with it.