Cultural Trends in the Late Nineteenth Century/From Soke-Filled Rooms to Prairie Wildlife: 1877-1896
Social Darwinism was a theory that was used to depict that only the fit individuals survive in the society. It indicated that the powerful people would always rule with the weak ones being outlived. This idea was based on the evolution theory by Darwin. The idea of social Darwinism had a major influence on the intellectual and cultural life of the people especially in the late nineteenth century. For example, this theory was used to validate colonialism. The Darwinists claimed that the colonized natives were not fit for survival hence the need for the colonizing territories or militaries to suppress them (Fuson, 2011).
Moreover, social dwarfism was used to justify the superiority of the financially and physically powerful group in the society and Darwinists claimed that the inferior group was not capable of living for long. However, several anti-Darwinists critiqued and rejected the social Darwinism theory .This includes the perception by most Darwinists that women were inferior to men and had to always submit to their rules. Moreover, most people rejected the communism advocated in the social Darwinism theory. Majority of the people followed the capitalist aspect of economy (Fuson, 2011).
Pragmatism argued that one does not have to look into the facts in order to exhibit morality. This theory argues that morality is not about what is sensible but rather what is honorable. This aspect portrayed democracy of a country as an aspect of morality. Moreover, pragmatism encouraged the inclusion of art and culture in the daily lives of all individuals as opposed to earlier belief that artistic concepts were only entitled to a certain class of people (Carnes, 2012). This was in an effort to get people to have a more appreciation of art-related aspects.
In the late nineteenth century, the former slaves went to the Supreme Court for a judgment on their infringed rights by both individuals and the state. However, the court ruled that the accused individuals were not guilty and had the right to burr the blacks from privately owned amenities. In an effort to overcome this challenge, the black leaders revived the African Colonization Movement (ACM) (Carnes, 2012). Moreover, the leaders pushed black politicians to get a portion of the government offices.
The change of currency from gold to silver did not auger well with certain American citizens. This is because this transition would result into loss of jobs for the gold miners as well as a depression on the country’s economy. Moreover, the populists failed to garner enough votes during the elections in 1896 mainly due to the immense protest from farmers and industrial workers in the grass roots. This was because of the failure to keep their promise of protecting them from ruthless foreign investors (Carnes, 2012).
Carnes, Mark C, and John A. Garraty. The American Nation: A History of the United States. Boston: Prentice Hall, 2012. Print.
Fuson, Mark. Darwinism. S.l.: Iuniverse Inc, 2011. Print.