Instructor: Kristen Gravitte
Course: Introduction to college writing
The American Health Care Act
According to statistics, the United States of America has the biggest population of mixed race individuals. The country spends nearly two trillion dollars per year on healthcare, nearly one in every seven dollars of the economy (Fontana, 50). This is disappointing to Americans especially because of the sub-standard health services they receive. Such disapproval leads them to experience more expenses when they try to seek private remedy that is more expensive than public healthcare. The majority of the American citizens, therefore, have insured themselves because they cannot rely wholly on the government. Although the people have taken necessary measures to ensure quality health, the health care system is not competent (Niles 29).
To improve the system, a representative in the legislature, John Conyers, introduced a health care Act. It was seconded by other twenty-five members of the government. It stated that all people should be entitled to free basic medical care. This would also eliminate the need for policies in primary health care. However, cases not considered basic would be solved by the patient. Therefore, it would be a wise idea to take a health cover for such cases (Sing & Liyu 22). Unfortunately, this project was initially rejected. However, it was re-introduced in 2009. There was still reluctance to approving it and, therefore, it was turned down in its entirety. The prevailing bill, used for health care is called the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
Today, more people have taken health insurance covers for various reasons. For example, some employers require all employees to be fully covered, and not to take chances on their healthcare. A recent research shows that 16.7% of the population in the US does not have any insurance covers on health (Sing & Liyu 56). This, therefore, means that the remaining 83.3% of the society has acquired one form of health insurance or the other. However, even with all these people protected, the health system in USA is still not up to standard. In addition, it charges the highest amount in health care, compared to other developed countries. This is evident in the elevated rate of infant mortality and low life expectancy as compared to other industrialized nations. According to statistics, the United States holds the forty-second position in health matters, when ranked among other developed countries. Moreover, it has a lower life expectancy age as compared to the European Union countries. This is a clear indication for need of improvement (Niles 34).
The health care system in the United States of America is facing a monumental challenge in health covers. There is no liberty in choosing the desired insurer. Due to this obstacle, other shortcomings arise. For instance, the people are not free to register their grievances to the insurers. After all, they do not have the freedom to change their incumbent insurer. The only way to eliminate these problems is to open up the insurance industry. Liberty will ensure that people get appropriate policies from their chosen insurers. The currents restrictions can pose a danger of exploitation to the people. This would be likely in a situation when the insurers decide to increase the rates of payments. The insured people would have no choice but to comply because they ought to keep the health covers. This is the main reason why the market should be made open and free for the well-being of the citizens.
Health experts in the United States have a considerable potential of assisting people with their health issues. Unfortunately, they are not able to do so because of some shortcomings in the system. For example, there is a lot of bureaucracy in the process of determining whether a patient requires operation. This occurs because all citizens are entitled to basic health care. If the health care system were to be advanced to all individuals, the people would have to meet the expenses. Therefore, there is the usual red tape when determining a patient’s status and severity of illness. In addition, a doctor has to be intelligent enough to know the protocols of administering treatment. He or she has to judge rationally and think critically enough to avoid mistakes. It has been observed that Americans do not like this system because it is too complex and intensively fragmented.
Niles (56) states that the United States of America has the most advanced medical facilities. Unfortunately, it faces a challenge where so many citizens are experiencing diverse problems in their health. However, the fact that people are unhealthy does not mean the health care system is to blame. Every health issue has its origin. It could be social or caused by other issues. An appropriate study is that of obesity and stress. Statistics show that obese adults are approximately 33%, and the children are about 12.5% of the population. Every state has not less than 20% obese adults. Obesity is a personal problem caused by the lifestyle adopted by an individual. It is one’s responsibility to eat healthily in order to maintain proper health (Gumbiner 49). A third of Americans is said to be living with a lot of stress. Some express it through physical means while others show it via psychological means (Fontana 200). These statistics provide evidence to show that the US citizens are indeed affected by social and personal issues. The health care system should initiate programs to help these people recover quickly and learn how to prevent their problems.
Generally, the health care system in the United States is not in an acceptable state. It has too many gaps that need to be covered to bring it up to standard. Although many Americans have medical covers, they are disappointed because they are not getting the value of their money. Health is the most basic human need. Therefore, a system of receiving health care should be of high quality and fully deliver its services to the people. The greatest challenges are how to formulate a way of giving health covers to the ones who do not have the same, and getting a better value for the money used on the health system.
The first step should be from the insurance firms. They should create strategies of providing affordable health policies. Then, those with no insurers should allocate themselves to affordable companies immediately. It could also be wise to set aside some savings meant for health care purposes. Though there are a remarkable numbers of people with health covers, there are still a lot who are not covered. In 2004, there were about eighteen thousand deaths from various health complications. These deaths could have been avoided if the victims had health insurance (Gambiner, 58). This large number of people shows that more campaigns need to be done to inform people about acquiring health covers.
Since it has been observed that the health care system is not competent, Sultz and Young (56) have suggested a solution. They have concluded that the most applicable solution to these matters is rationalizing this system. This term refers to economizing the funds while at the same time providing quality and sufficient services to the citizens. The current statistics show that health care funds are spent at 50% more than is allowed, which is a waste (Fontana, 90). The solution to this problem will not be just as straightforward as receiving ready-made policies to be implemented. There also needs proper governance or leadership to eliminate the wastage of resources in this system. The citizens are expecting far much better results from their leaders.
Fontana, David. Managing stress. New York, NY: Wiley Blackwell, 2004. Print
Gumbiner, Barry. Obese. Illinois: ACP press, 2001. Print.
Niles, Nancy. Basics of the USA health care system. California: Jones &Bartlett learning, 2010. Print.
Sing, Doughlas & Liyu She. Delivering health care in America: A system approach. New York, NY: Cengage learning, 2001. Print.
Sultz, Harry & Young Christina. Health care USA. Washington DC: Routledge, 2010. Print.