10th Literature and Notes

The narrator of a poem is known as the __________.
speaker

How does voice impact tone?
It determines the range of attitudes that a text can effectively express.

I must depend on hearsay, on old photographs, on stories told, and on memories which are hazy and mixed with fable in trying to tell you about the Hamiltons. . . . Young Samuel Hamilton came from the north of Ireland and so did his wife. He was the son of small farmers, neither rich nor poor, who had lived on one landhold and in one stone house for many hundreds of years.

Source: Steinbeck, John. East of Eden. New York: Penguin Group, 1952. Google Books. Web. 16 May 2011.

Based on the excerpt, what is the point of view of the narrator?

first-person observer only

Voice:
the over all presence of a personality behind the text.

Narrator:
teller of the story

Speaker:
narrator of a poem/story
persona vs. author

First Person:
“I” or “Me” (Key words)
-Three distinctions
Major Character
Observer and Minor character
Observer only
*Occasionally shifts between characters

Third Person Objective:
“He”, “She”, “They”
-Camera’s eye
-Seen heard
-Spoken thoughts only

Third Person limited:
“He”, “She”, “They”
-Thoughts and actions of a single character
-Shift between characters

Third person omniscient:
“He”, “She”, “They”
Thoughts, actions, judgement of all characters

Which point of view allows the narrator to see into the heart and mind of only one character at a time?
third-person limited

What is meant by “tone” in literature?
the attitude of the author, narrator, or speaker toward the subject or the reader

How does Voice impact Tone?

How does Tone impact Voice?

Choice of the narrator speaker determines how the audience may percieve / react to a given tone

What is meant by “credibility”?
a text that is worthy of a reader’s trust

When evaluating a narrator’s credibility, a reader should consider __________.

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the choice of voice and tone

Nigerian storytelling has historically been a(n) __________ tradition.
oral

What impact has the Nigerian Civil War had on Jonathan’s point of view
He feels lucky if his family is alive and has access to the basic necessities of life.

Student B reads the following excerpt from “Civil Peace”:

“At first he went daily, then every other day and finally once a week, to the offices of the Coal Corporation where he used to be a miner, to find out what was what. The only thing he did find out in the end was that that little house of his was even a greater blessing than he had thought. Some of his fellow ex-miners who had nowhere to return at the end of the day’s waiting just slept outside the doors of the offices and cooked what meal they could scrounge together in Bournvita tins. As the weeks lengthened and still nobody could say what was what Jonathan discontinued his weekly visits altogether and faced his palm wine bar.”

After reading the excerpt, Student B writes this: “Jonathan realizes how lucky he is when he observes some of the ex-miners eating from Bournvita tins and sleeping outside the offices of the Coal Corporation.”

Which type of evidence describes the support in this student’s response best?

explicit details

Why is Jonathan so happy that his family has “five heads” on their shoulders?
Millions of people died during the Nigerian Civil War.

student B reads the following excerpt from “Civil Peace”:

“At first he went daily, then every other day and finally once a week, to the offices of the Coal Corporation where he used to be a miner, to find out what was what. The only thing he did find out in the end was that that little house of his was even a greater blessing than he had thought. Some of his fellow ex-miners who had nowhere to return at the end of the day’s waiting just slept outside the doors of the offices and cooked what meal they could scrounge together in Bournvita tins. As the weeks lengthened and still nobody could say what was what Jonathan discontinued his weekly visits altogether and faced his palm wine bar.”

After reading the excerpt, Student B writes this: “Jonathan realizes that he is not going to get a job or any help from the Coal Corporation and must depend on his own devices to make money.”

Which type of evidence describes the support in this student’s response best?

The camp officials and soldiers have money to spare.

Nigeria is a country in __________.
West Africa

Chinua Achebe is considered by some to be __________.
the father of African literature

Amenable:
Agreeable, open to persuasion.

Windfall:
Unexpected money or blessing.

Paralysed:
To be affected with the condition in which one cannot move or is unable to act.

Inaudibly:
Not loud enough to be heard.

Commiserate:
To show sympathy.

Indigenous:
Natural to or original to the land, region, or country.

Secede:
To withdraw or separate from an organization, group, or political alliance.

Postcolonial:
Referring to the state of a region or country after achieving independence from a colonizing force.

Explicit Detail:
Information the narrator states directly in the text

What can be inferred by Jonathon Igwegbu’s reaction to the damage to his house?
He is an optimist who finds some good in every circumstance.

What are explicit details?
details that the narrator states directly in the text

Which excerpt illustrates Achebe’s use of dialect?
“Awrighto. Now make we talk business. We no be bad tief.”

Why does Achebe use dialect in his story?
I. to imitate the original sound of the spoken words
II. to add realism to the story through the sound
III. to help the reader distinguish between the characters
I, II, and III

Figurative Language:
writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.

Figure of Speech:
a device used to produce figurative language.

Imagery:
The use of vivid language to create sensory image

Sensory Images:
-Sight -Smell
-Taste -Sound
-Touch

What is a metaphor?
-a direct comparison of two unlike things or non human things

What is a simile?
-a comparison of like, or as, or than

Why use them? (The above two. Metaphor and Simile)
To create new and surprising comparisons to deepen understanding

Which formula is used to indicate simple past tense?
verb + -ed

Which tense shows progression or continuation of actions or states of being?
progressive

Which tense allows you to express the order of two or more events occurring during the same time period?
perfect

Which formula is used to indicate perfect progressive tense?
have + been + verb + -ing

Which sentence correctly sequences the underlined verbs? ( I had to put – beside them because it will not underline them for me)
Ms. Garcia -was leading- a tour of the gallery when the fire alarm -sounded.-

“The view of life I communicate in my pictures excludes the sordid and ugly” (Rockwell).

Select the indirect quotation that correctly sequences the verbs.

Rockwell says that his pictures communicate the kinder view of life.

Which sentence correctly sequences the underlined verbs? (I had to put – beside them because it will not underline them for me)
We -have- not -received- the final pieces that we -will need- to complete the collection.

The __________ is used for an event that continues to occur at the present moment in time.
present progressive

Which tense allows for the sequencing of two or more noncontinuous events that occur in the same time period?
perfect

h tense allows for an event that began in the past to carry into the present moment in time?
present perfect

Which sentence correctly punctuates a nonessential appositive phrase?
Leo, one of thirteen constellations in the Zodiac, contains ten stars.

Student Lucinda Gonzalez studies the composition of black holes that are located in the Milky Way.

Identify the appositive or appositive phrase.

Lucinda Gonzalez

Hipparchus, originator of trigonometry, began measuring distances between celestial bodies in the 2nd century BCE.

Identify the appositive phrase.

originator of trigonometry

A white dwarf, a dense dead star, burns through its hydrogen before it can grow into a supernova.

Identify the nonessential appositive phrase.

a dense dead star

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10th Literature and Notes. (2018, Jan 22). Retrieved from http://paperap.com/paper-on-10th-literature-and-notes/

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