Organic Solidarity and Gesellschaft

Topics: Solidarity

Humans are sociable in nature and as such live in communities and various societies. The human association is as such one of the most important elements of the existence of man. According to Ferdinand Toennies, the two types of human relationships are Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft (Andersen & Taylor, 2008). The associations are based on the social structure in a community. A community be a group of individuals living in the same locality or are related to one or the other.

The members of a community can share various aspects such as language, social amenities, culture and beliefs among others.

It should, however, be heeded that it is not a must that members of society share the listed elements (Bruhn, 2011). Organic Solidarity and Gesellschaft as a social structure that best characterize my community while elaborating three characteristics that represent the structure chosen regarding school departments, volunteer and a work department.

The sociologist identified mechanical and organic solidarity as the two categories of a community in which people exist, for instance, organic solidarity can be seen to occur in a community in which has different roles for individuals.

The unity of the community is dependent on the differentiation of the various functions and responsibilities of various members of the society. Cohesion of a society built on organic solidarity is achieved through its differentiation. As opposed to the mechanical solidarity, the roles in natural society are not similar but are interlinked. The society’s complex and integrated functions are performed through multiple roles that are present in the community.

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Organic solidarity and Gesellschaft communities are those in which impersonal relationships, self-interests, and personal achievement are considered more significant than any other values. In such societies, it can be observed that interdependence occurs as individuals rely on others to achieve their goals. For instance, in a Gesellschaft community, an impersonal relationship can be seen in people ignoring one another and focusing on their businesses (Bruhn, 2011). The behavior can be observed in public places such as markets, bars, cyber cafes, schools, and transportation in which individuals will continue to perform their duties without considering the people around them.

The education system is typically divided into various departments, the most commonly departments are science, language arts, math, and humanities the committees are created to perform various functions. One characteristic of an organic solidarity society is seen in the division that teachers are supposed to teach individual subjects as well as performing other duties that are assigned to them. The functions are clearly stated, and everyone knows what is expected of them (Bruhn, 2011). For instance, teachers from assortment of department may teach several different subjects while creating lesson plans to match each subject being taught.

The various departments work interdependently to achieve the common goal within the school. The cohesion of the different departments is obtained due to their mutual independence in a bid to attain the aims of the school due to the complicated nature of the education system (Andersen & Taylor, 2008). The success of the students is seen to be contributed to by the various efforts of different teachers. The characteristics of Gesellschaft in the various school departments and individuals can be observed through the sharing of the common consciousness and interdependence which acts as a social bond of relationship between the different departments in the school setting.

An Accounting department of an organization in an organic solidarity and Gesellschaft society exhibits various characteristics. There are other division within the organization I work for, all department has a standard objective, work in my area is divided into different functions such as accounts payable, receivable, payroll, billing and collection all departments rely on each other for updates on all accounts. (Andersen & Taylor, 2008). Such division of labor is seen to be the primary source of cohesion in the department. The similarity occurs because in most cases differentiation of various responsibilities is usually done by grouping the jobs that are closely related or that which are similar together (Bruhn, 2011). It is, therefore, possible that a good percentage of the members of an Accounting department are performing similar functions. Gesellschaft is exhibited in such environments due to differences in personal interests despite sharing common goals.

There are various areas in which an individual can volunteer in my cul-de-sac. The duties to be performed may range from planting tree, painting, construction, cleaning, and so many others. It is understood that the primary reason why individuals join such volunteering organizations to form an association or to relate with other members. In most cases, the solidarity in the volunteering exercises is seen as a form of solidarity in which the members of the society are seeking to integrate and enhance cohesion (Andersen & Taylor, 2008). The different areas of volunteering are working towards achieving a common goal even though the tasks can be seen to be different.

Associations of individuals in each society can be considered as one of the fundamental aspects of the human life. The two categories of the relationships of different members of an individual community are based on the concept of mechanical and organic solidarity. Both concepts emphasize on the social cohesion of the members even though it can be observed that approaches apply contrasting techniques to achieve cohesion. While mechanical solidarity uses similarity of tasks to achieve cohesion, organic’ solidarity is based on the differentiation of duties. Organic solidarity and Gesellschaft communities are those in which impersonal relationships, self-interests, and personal achievement are considered more significant than any other values while interdependence is used as the primary social bond.

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Organic Solidarity and Gesellschaft. (2022, Jun 30). Retrieved from

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