Nowadays, many people are easy to catch disease. It is caused by an unhealthy lifestyle. Most people don’t want to bother to go to the doctor. They just simply take medicine from the drugstore or even take antibiotics without a doctors prescription. The most common disease caused by bacteria and viruses. While bacteria and viruses have some similarities in their size and capability, they also have many differences, such as their living environment, effect, what they define, proliferation, treatment, and what disease they caused.
Bacteria and viruses have three similarities. The first similarity between bacteria and viruses is both of them are very small. Bacteria is around 0.5-5µm and for viruses is around 100-800nm. Second, both bacteria and viruses can only be seen through a microscope. You cannot see them with your bare eyes, but you can see them under the microscope. Last but not least, both of them can cause infection. This infection can be really dangerous. As a result, their similarities can make them look-alike.
However, bacteria and viruses have many differences too. The first difference is their living environment. Bacteria can be found naturally in our body and the environment while on the other hand, viruses cannot live without another living thing or a host. The next difference is most bacteria are harmless, whereas all viruses are harmful. Only less than one percent of the bacteria are harmful to our body. Bacteria and viruses define differently, bacteria define as living creatures while viruses define as nonliving things. Viruses are not defined as living creatures because they need another living cell to live. Therefore, bacteria and viruses have a significant difference from their living environment, the effect on our body, and what they define.
Other significant differences are their proliferation, treatment, and what disease they caused. Their proliferation has such a big difference, bacteria can multiply under the right conditions in their environment while viruses attach themselves to another living cell and use its genetic material to reproduce themselves. The treatment to cure the disease they caused is different too. Viruses are unlike bacteria that can be cured with antibiotic, viruses need either vaccinations to prevent them or antivirus drugs inhibit their development. The last difference between bacteria and viruses is what diseases they caused. Common infections caused by bacteria are tuberculosis, tetanus, and urinary tract infections while viruses caused cold, herpes, and AIDS. So, their proliferation, treatment, and what disease they caused can be a significant difference between them.
In conclusion, bacteria and viruses have similarities and many differences. While their similarities are in their size and capability, there are many significant differences too, such as their living environment, effect, what they define, proliferation, treatment, and what disease they caused. Be sure to go to the doctor next time you catch a disease to cure the disease in the right way.