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Nobel Prize Literature Winners

(Sully) Prudhomme
1901; first winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature; Stances et Poèmes (Stanzas and Poems); Le vase brisé

(Christian Matthias Theodor) Mommsen
1902; Second Nobel Prize winner for literature; worked with Roman Law

(Bjørnstjerne Martinus) Bjørnson
1903; One of the Four Greats; wrote the lyrics to Norweigan National Anthem; De Nygifte (The Newly Married)

(Frédéric) Mistral
1904; Trésor dóu Félibrige; Miréio

(Henryk) Sienkiewicz
1905; The Teutonic Knights(a man falls in love with Danusia while returning with his uncle Macko from a war with the title group); Quo Vadis (Tigellius suggests Nero set Rome aflame, describes conversion to Christianity of Marcus Vicinius, who falls in love with Lygia)

(Giosuè) Carducci
1906; Rhymes; Light and Heavy; First Italian to win Nobel Prize in Literature; Odi Barbare

(Rudyard) Kipling
1907, Just So Stories; Kim; The White Man’s Burden; The Jungle Book

(Selma Ottilia Lovisa) Lagerlöf
1909; Nils Holgerssons underbara resa genom Sverige

(Paul Johann Ludwig) Heyse
1910; Gesammelte Werke; Dramatische Dichtungen; German writer and translator

(Count Maurice Mooris Polidore Marie Bernhard) Maeterlinck
1911; The Death of Tintagiles; The Blue Bird; L’Intruse; Pelléas and Mélisande

(Gerhart Johann Robert) Hauptmann
1912; The Weavers; The Rats; German dramatist

(Rabindranath)Tagore
1913; Gitanjali; Most famous Indian writer; Red Oleanders; The Home and the World; Shesher Kabita

(Romain) Rolland
1915; Pierre et Luce; Jean-Christophe; Life of Ramakrishna

(Carl Gustaf Verner) von Heidenstam
1916; lead a literary renaissance in Sweden; Karolinerna; dikter; Nya Ditker; Renässans

(Karl Adolph) Gjellerup
1917; Germanernes Lærling (The Learner of German);Minna; Møllen (The Mill)

(Carl Friedrich Georg) Spitteler
1919; Prometheus und Epimetheus; Extramundana; Olympic Spring

(Knut Pedersen) Hamsun
1920; Hunger;Growth of the Soil; Mysteries

(Anatole) France
1921; Penguin Island; The Gods are Athirst; More; Thais

(Jacinto) Benavente
1922; The Bonds of Interest (Los intereses creados); The Lady of the House; The Governor’s Wife; Autumnal Roses

(William Butler) Yeats
1923; “A Fisherman”; “The Second Coming”; Sailing to Byzantium; “Easter 1916”

(Wladyslaw Stanislaw) Reymont
1924; Chlopi (The Peasants); The Promised Land; The Comedienne; Ferments

(George Bernard) Shaw
1925; Pygmalion, Man and Superman, Saint Joan, Major Barbara

(Grazia) Deledda
1926; Cosima; Marianna Sirca; L’Edera; Weeds in the wind; Italian

(Henri) Bergson
1927; Creative Evolution; An Introduction to Metaphysics

(Sigrid) Undset
1928;Kristin Lavransdatter trilogy; the Bridal Wreath; The Cross; Jenny

(Thomas) Mann
1929, The Magic Mountain, Buddenbrooks, Death in Venice, Doctor Faustus(novel)

(Sinclair) Lewis
1930, Babbitt, Mainstreet; Arrowsmith; Dodsworth

(Erik Axel) Karlfeldt
1931; Swedish; Arcadia Borealis; The North! To the North!; Modern Swedish Poetry

(John) Galsworthy
1932, The Forsyte Saga, Quality, The Japanese Quince

(Ivan Alekseyevich) Bunin
1933; Night of Denial; Dark Avenues; The Village; The Life of Arseniev; Cursed Days; Russian

(Luigi) Pirandello
1934; Six Characters in Search of an Author; The Late Mattia Pascal, Right You Are… If you Think You Are

(Eugene Gladstone) O’Neill
1936; The Iceman Cometh; Long Day’s Journey into Night; The Emperor Jones; Desire Under the Elms; The Long Voyage Home

(Roger Martin) du Gard
1937; The Thibaults- a novel cycle

(Pearl) Buck
1938; The Good Earth; The Enemy; The Frill; The Big Wave; A House Divided

(Frans Eemil) Sillanpää
1939, Finland; The Maid Silja/Fallen Asleep While Young

(Johannes Vilhelm) Jensen
1944; Danish; Myths; Poems; Himmerland Stories

(Gabriela) Mistral
1945; Decalogue of the Artist (orders to “create beauty not to excite the senses but to give sustenance to the soul”); Sonnets of Death

(Hermann) Hesse
1946; Siddhartha, , Steppenwolf, The Glass Bead Game

(André Paul Guillaume) Gide
1947; The Immoralist; The Counterfeiters

(Thomas Stearns) Eliot
1948; “The Waste Land”; “The Hollow Men”; Four Quartets, “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”; Ash Wednesday; “Old Possum’s Book of Practical Cats”

(William) Faulkner
1949; A Light in August, The Sound and the Fury, Absalom, Absalom!; Go Down, Moses

(Earl Bertrand Arthur William) Russell
1950; Why I Am Not A Christian; Principia Mathematica; A History of Western Philosophy

(Pär Fabian) Lagerkvist
1951; The Dwarf; Barabbas; The Marriage Feast; Evening Land; Swedish

(François) Mauriac
1952, a Catholic writer who wrote a foreword to Night; therese desqueyroux; The Desert of Love

(Sir Winston Leonard Spencer) Churchill
1953, was a British politician known chiefly for his leadership of the United Kingdom during World War II. He served as Prime Minister from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. A noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, historian, writer, and artist. He was the only British Prime Minister to have received the Nobel Prize in Literature and the first person to be recognized as an Honorary Citizen of the United States

(Ernest Miller) Hemingway
1954, A Farewell to Arms; The Sun Also Rises, For Whom the Bell Tolls, Hills Like White Elephants; The Old Man and the Sea

(Halldór Kiljan) Laxness
1955; Iceland, The Atom Station; Independent People

(Juan Ramón) Jiménez
1956; Platero and I; The Complete Perfectionist; Border of a Dream

(Albert) Camus
1957, The Stranger, The Myth of Sisyphus; The Fall

(Boris Leonidovich) Pasternak
1958; My Sister-Life; Dr. Zhivago; The Last Summer

(Salvatore) Quasimodo
1959, Italy; Sunken Oboe; Day After Day; Life is Not A Dream; The Incomparable Earth; Italian; hermetic school

(Saint-John) Perse
1960; France; Real name is Alex Leger; Ambassador to France for US; Anabasis; Exile; Poem to a Foreign Lady; Chronicle

(Ivo) Andric
1961; Yugoslavia; The Trip of Alija Djerzelez; Anxieties; The Woman From Sarajevo; The Bridge on the Drina

(John) Steinbeck
1962; East of Eden; Cannery Row; The Grapes of Wrath; Of Mice and Men; The Pearl; The Chrysanthemums

(Giorgos) Seferis
1963; Greek; The Turn; Six Nights on the Acropolis; A Poet’s Journal; Translates Odyssean myths into modern-day idioms

(Jean-Paul) Sartre
1964, No Exit, The Flies, “Nausea” “Being and Nothingness”- blueprint of modern existentialism; Dirty hands

(Mikhail Aleksandrovich) Sholokhov
1965; Tales From the Don; And Quiet Flows from the Don; Virgin Soil Upturned; The Don cycle

(Shmuel Yosef) Agnon
1966; A Guest for the Night; Only Yesterday; The Book of Deeds; A Whole Loaf

(Miguel Angel) Asturias
1967; The Banana Trilogy; El Señor Presidente; Legends of Guatemala; The Men of Maize

(Samuel) Beckett
1969, Waiting for Godot, Endgame; Happy Days; Existentialism & Theater of the Absurd

(Aleksandr Isayevich) Solzhenitsyn
1970; The Gulag Archipelago; The Red Wheel; One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

(Pablo) Neruda
1971, Author of “We are many”, “Ode To Salt”; Walking Around; Canto General; Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair

(Heinrich) Böll
1972, Action Will Be Taken, Billiards at Half-Past Nine

(Patrick) White
1973, Australian; The Cockatoos, Voss; The Tree of Man; The Vivisector

(Eyvind) Johnson
1974; The Days of his Grace; The Four Strangers; Our Present Day; member of the Green Ones

(Eugenio) Montale
1975; Italy; Satura; The Storm & Other Poems; Posthumous Diaries

(Saul) Bellow
1976, Humboldt’s Gift; The Adventures of Augie March; Seize the Day; Herzog

(Vicente) Aleixandre
1977, Adolescencia; Shadow of Paradise; Destruction or Love

(Isaac Bashevis) Singer
1978; Gimpel the Fool; A Crown of Feathers; The Spinoza of Market Street; A Friend of Kafka

(Odysseus) Elytis
1979; Greece; The Open Papers; The Axion Esti; Eros, eros, eros; It Is Truly Meet

(Czeslaw) Milosz
1980; The Captive Mind; Native Realm; Unattainable Earth, “Song of a Citizen”; won for his anti-Nazi literature- Polish

(Elias) Canetti
1981; The Torch in my Ear; Crowds and Power; Auto-da-Fé (The Tower of Babel); wrote in German/ was Bulgarian

(Gabriel García) Márquez
1982; 100 Years of Solitude, Love in the Time of Cholera, Colombia “A Very old Man with Enormous Wings”: uses magical realism

(William) Golding
1983; Lord of the Flies; To the Ends of the Earth; , The Inheritors

(Jaroslav) Seifert
1984; editor of communist newspapers; “Tower of Tears”; The Nightingale Sings Badly; Put Out the Lights; Robed in the Light; A Helmetful of Earth

(Claude) Simon
1985, Triptych, The Trolley, The Grass, The Georgics, The Cheat; French

(Wole) Soyinka
1986, Africa’s most distinguished playwright, “Telephone Conversastion”; exiled from Nigeria, Death and the King’s Horsemen; The Lion and the Jewel; The Interpreters

(Joseph) Brodsky
1987; A Part of Speech, To Urania, Less than One, A Halt in the Wilderness, The End of a Lovely Era

(Naguib) Mahfouz
1988, Egyptian author of Cairo Trilogy, The Children of Gebelawi; Palace Walk

(Camilo José) Cela
1989; The Family of Pascal Duarte; San Camilo; Journey to Alcarria

(Octavio) Paz
1990, A Wind Called Bob Rauschenberg, Central Park, Two Bodies, Sunstone; The Labyrinth of Solitude; from Mexico

(Nadine) Gordimer
1991; July’s People; , Once Upon a Time, Six Feet of the Country, South African novelist and short-story writer whose work describes the effects of apartheid (born in 1923), The Moment before the Gun Went Off

(Derek) Walcott
1992; Omeros, A Far Cry from Africa, A Letter From Brooklyn, first Caribbean nobel prize winner

(Toni) Morrison
1993; Song of Solomon; Beloved, Sula, The Bluest Eye, Recitatif, United States writer whose novels describe the lives of African-Americans (born in 1931)

(Kenzaburo) Oe
1994, The Silent Cry; A Personal Matter; Rouse Up O Young Men of the New Age; Japan

(Seamus) Heaney
1995, The Skunk, Digging, Beowulf: A New Verse Translation, “Blackberry-Picking”; The Forge; Death of a Naturalist; Irish

(Wislawa) Szymborska
1996, Nothing’s a Gift, “Photograph from September 11”; Polish, Tortures, Astonishment

(Dario) Fo
1997; Italian; To Roosevelt; Symphony in Gray Major; France Rame is his leading actress; Accidental Death of an Anarchist; Trumpets and Raspberries; The Pope and the Witch

(José) Saramago
1998, Blindness; Baltasar and Blimuna; Portugese

(Günter) Grass
1999, The Tin Drum, Cat and Mouse, The Flounder, The Danzig Trilogy, Crabwalk

(Gao) Xingjian
2000, The Other Shore, Soul Mountain; , The Bus Stop, Chinese Theatre of the Absurd. Scrutinized Communist Party.

(Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad) Naipaul
2001; A Bend in the River; A House for Mr. Biswas; Miguel Street; In a Free State; The Enigma of Arrival

(Imre) Kertész
2002; Fatelessness; Kaddish for a Child Not Born; Liquidation; Pathseeker; Holocaust concentration camp survivor

(John M.) Coetzee
2003; South Africa; Disgrace; Foe; Waiting for the Barbarians; The Childhood of Jesus

(Elfriede) Jelinek
2004; Austrian; The Piano Teachers; The Children of the Dead

(Harold) Pinter
2005, The Homecoming, The Birthday Party; The Dumb Waiter; Old Times

(Orhan) Pamuk
2006, The White Castle, First novel was Cevdet Bay and His Sons; Snow; from Turkey

(Doris) Lessing
2007, Through the Tunnel, To Room Nineteen; The Golden Notebook; from Zimbabwe

(Jean-Marie Gustave) Le Clézio
2008; French; Le Procès-Verbal (The Interrogation); Désert

(Herta) Müller
2009, The Hunger Angel; The Land of the Green Plums; Nadirs; The Passport; The Appointment

(Mario Vargas) Llosa
2010, Peruvian writer (born in 1936); The Time of the Hero; The Green House; The Feast of the Goat

(Tomas) Tranströmer
2011; The Great Enigma; The Half-Finished Heaven Windows and Stones; Baltics; For the Living and the Dead; The Sorrow Gondola

(Mo) Yan
2012, The Old Gun, The Garlic Ballads, Red Sorghum, Big breasts ans wide hips, frog

(José) Echegaray (y Eizaguirre)
1904; Saint or Madman?; Mariana; The Calum

(Henrik) Pontoppidan
1917; Danish; Village Pictures; From the Huts; Clouds

(Nelly) Sachs
1966, a German poet and playwright whose experiences resulting from the rise of the Nazis in World War II Europe transformed her into a poignant spokesperson for the grief and yearnings of her fellow Jews; Chorus of the Rescued; The Chimneys

(Harry) Martinson
1974; Aniara; Sight From a Tussock

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