Name Syeda Aneela Hassan
Class BS 111
Roll NO. BENF17E145
Subject Intercultural Communication
Submitted to Sir Tazanful Tehseen
University Of Sargodha
Cultural Conflict in Intercultural Communication in
PK Movie by Rajkamumar Hirani
There are some artistic work of literature. According to Bakhtin, the most
genres in literature are epic , comedy, novel , tragedy and creative nonfiction .
Most of literary works serve social event such as movie. Bring variety of
phenomenon though words, such as social , culture, economics and politics. This
liter ary work that is very necessity in literatu re itself, studied by contains many
aspects, it is mentione d that likes of intercultural communication and
components of culture.
No vinger states that intercultural are used indicating one or several differences
between communicators relating to language, national origin, race or ethnicity.
Novinger adds, we can understand intercultural communication as cultural
variances in perception of social objects and events. The differences commonly
defined as cultural include language, nationality, ethnicity, values, and customs.
This movie was adapted by the producer wh o had a doubt abou t Indian cultural
conflict. Actually, there are so many conflicts told of the story, as such as, it was
through by the under immunity.
I choose this movie because it reflects the social condition and culture of society.
After watching this movie, I have learned cultural conflicts and components of
culture reveled in this movie. This has increased our cultural consciousness or
better understanding about it.
In our daily life, there are many problems or conflicts, which have to be faced by
human. Conflict is a universal phenomenon in huma n life. We can say everybody
have to face the conflict, nonetheless the conflict that had been experienced by
mankind is different from another.
Conflicts between individuals
1 Pk : This lady is looking very sad, to know her problem. Need to hold her
Man 1 : You are trying to disturb a widower?
PK : How do you know this girl is a widow?
Mam 1 : Cannot you see she is wearing a white saree?
Dress code of Christians
2 Pk : I am very sorry about the death of your husband.
Woman 1 : What? When?
PK : How I would know when? You are wearing a white cloth.
Woman 1 : Everyone wears on their wedding day. Im getting thats why I am.
PK : No, White is for widower.
Woman 1: Widow Wear black, you stupid, get out of here.
Conflicts between groups
1 When PK was in the Buddha area
PK : Sir, this God is gone out of battery. It does work but then it turns off.
Man 1 : What do you mean?
PK : I mean, put a new battery in it.
Mam 1: Everything is fine, no defect done by me.
PK : You create this God?
Man 1: Yes from my hands.
PK : God create you and you create God?
2 When PK was in Christian Area
Man 1 : Get out from here.
PK : But my stuff?
Man 1 : Leave it. Get out. God has been nailed because of your sin. Look? God
PK : When?
Man 1 :2000 ye ars ago. For your sins.
PK : What I have done? I just came here
Man 2 : Are you drunk?
PK : Yup
Man 2 : God is watching you. He is looking at your behavior.
PK : Where? Where is He? What is in that cup?
Man 2 : Wine.
When PK is in Muslim Area
PK : Brother, Where is Gods house nearby?
Man 1 : Yes just go straight here.Hold on. What is that?
PK : Wine for God. Where is He?
Language problem has also created conflict in Intercultural Communication.
When PK explained to juggu that they do not have any language, spoken by their
mind. In his planet, they never confound when they each other.PK further adds
one word for example can explain four situation.However, realizes the importance
of language itself PK getting interested to learn the Bhojpuri language in order to
This explain how the language is an important role in a culture but Jaggu does not
believe with the story of PK , he told , in their world, they do not any language to
communicate with others, but PK had been explained to Jaggu how the difficulties
he experienced, he need a language if he want to eat something.
This thing illustrate that language is cult ure and culture is language, if conflict
occur in language automatically it create conflict in culture.
Religion and Beliefs
Religion and beliefs are important part in a culture. In this movie, first time when
PK strated to do a ritual in every religion, like a bath in the Gangas River and also
do the funeral that people of Muslim do.
In India, Hindu believed the Ganges River is the way to ascend from earth to
heaven. Indians considers that water of the Gangas is to purify and eliminated the
sin of human a nd for pilgrimage.
After finishing ritual bath in river Gangas, then he did the funeral rites performed
by the Muslim in India. It was where the people of Muslim believed that humans
originated from the soil, if their got dead they had been go back to grou nd.
This explains that every religion and country has own beliefs. Every religion has a
sacred ritual that ritual must be performed by any people.
Norms guide us how individual should behave, act and adapt to existing rules,
usually these rules becom e our tradition and transmits from one generation to
The situation depicted in this movie when Jaggus father were trust with a
religious leader named Tap asvi , he believed in him, even he presses his family to
do something in order of religious l eaders, although it was not the of his wife and
This tell us about social norms which are usually become social pressure n
members of the public to do the norms.
PK try to correlate the opinion of people all around , and prohibit wear sandals
when people going to the holy place, as well as temple and church. He was
confound because some said cow was to be worshipped but other the cow must
Conflicts are happened because of interaction. And for these analyses it shows
obviously the cultural conflicts in the movie PK was happened because of
interaction between people who has different methods.
a. Interpersonal conflicts
Personal conflicts were a conflict occur in a person against himself. In this
movie there personal conflict.
The conflict was happened wh en PK getting tired during pursuance he
blamed himself. He thinks that he did something useless mean.PK felt he
had been lied to by his situation he was disappointed with the God he was
hard to believed again in the words of those around them he want to back
to his place but he did not how to return .
b. Individual conflicts
According to Kennedy , conflicts between individuals is conflict was
happened when individual in a group and interact with pe ople from other
In PK movie when Pk was perusal by the people of Muslim, finally he was
riding in a metromini. Beside him he saw a woman who was very sad, but
wonder raised him, to know what was felt by the woman he too did usually
he do, that hold ing someone hand.
In above paragraph all are individual conflicts found in a person about some
The film conveys that religion is about a personal relationship to God and
making one a better person but when people use it to push an agenda or
oppress others, they are doing a disservice to religion or as PK would say,
you have the wrong number.
The movies greatest strength and its greatest failing is its lighthearted tone
that renders it safe and non -controversial. While this is wonderful because
it reaches a wider aud ience and is guaranteed not pique, it is unfortunate
because issues of faith and society are raised but not truly addressed.
For a social satire, it is not challenging as much as validating. I agreed with
everything this movie has too say so I was nodding along rather than
pausing to reevaluate.
Nevertheless, the firm can be regarded as a brilliant starting point to
encourage discourse on society. A film like this could not have been made
10 years ago and th is sincere, feel good movie may just result in people
engaging in soul searching and improving their lives and those of others.
Visual depiction and locales
Various locales like temples, gurdwaras, mosques and churches (religious
places of Hindus, Muslims, Christian and Sikhs) are shown throughout the
film. In its credits, the film thanks famous spiritual Guru Sri Ravi Shankars
Art of Living Foundation, as significant proportion of the film have been
shot at Ravi Shankars Art of Living Foundation, as sign ificant portions
which are important aspects of the film.
PK is movie which asks us to have your own beliefs but to be logical enough
to call a bluff when a person just rants about superstitious rituals you need
to undertake to please a supreme power.
Amir Khans PK broke all records when the movie was released. Becoming
the highest grossing Bollywood film of all time, PK stood out from the rest
of all time, PK stood out from the rest of the flicks and was lauded for its
unique plot. Amir Khans portrayal o f alien PK, with his green eyes, jutted
out ears and simpleton persona, also delight the audience to no end. Here
are ten life lessons that I garner from movie , which subliminally taught us a
1 Never trust strangers
Yes, never trust them! My parents a nd schoolteachers made it sure I had
grasped this crucial lesson way back in my adolescent years not to trust
those whom I knew not.PK unfortunately, did not get this concept well.
Standing but naked with his remote control pendant slinging from his neck,
the humanoid was ecstatic to see the turban clad human in the desert.
Taking advantage of PK astonishment, the man snatched his amulet,
thinking it to be value and jumped onto a running train. Poor PK, the
troubles commenced from thereon
2 Secrets are best kept hidden
No need to go around telling anyone you found a stash of Gold Early in the
film, when Jaggu informs an old man regarding a ticket she meant to
purchase from someone selling it in black, the old man promises her he
would purchase from someone s elling it in black, the old man promises her
he would pu rchase it on her behalf. However , the old man purchases the
ticket himself and makes for the theatre instead. As a result, both Jaggu
and Sarfaraz are deprived from attending the show!
3 Learn to recognize blessings in disguise !
Often misfortunes and tribulations befall us, making us wonder as to what
we did to deserve them. Yet , sometimes these unfortunate incidents
present something better and more lasting for us, in the long run! Had that
old man cheated Jaggu and Sarfaraz out of their ticket, both of them
wouldnt have spent quality time together as a result, fall in love!
4 Some situations demand thinking on your feet
Life is a roller coaster and sometimes you might be in for a bumpy ride!
Imp rovisation might save your skin at times, as it did PK when the alien
plastered Bhagvans imagery across his cheek so that devotees would
abstain from slapping him red on the face!
5 Understanding cultures
I learned that it is imperative for a pe rson to be aware of his nations
diverse cultural traditions.PKs lack of knowledge regarding customs led
him to asking a bribe to -be dressed in all white, if her husband had passed
6 Money buys everything
Somehow I knew that always but PK highlighte d tis fact more than anything
else When Jaggy=u needed to pen down PK story in that lock up, what
prompted the policeman to change his mind and allow her in to the cell?
Its a couple of bucks.
7 Co incidence
Not everything that happens to us in life contains a hidden meaning or is
sent down from the heaven! This happened to Pk when he visited a temple
and bought a Rs. 15 Bagman statue. Hopeful , the alien tried out his first
wish by requesting for some food and a passersby placed a mouthwat ering
samosa into his grateful hands! Convinced the Almighty was enclosed in a
minute statue and was listening to his urges , PK wished for ticket back to
8 Everyone deceives a simpleton
If you lack adequate knowledge on something or are a simple pe rson in
general, every person you meet is liable to take you a ride! This did happen
with PK, when talking advantage of his simple mindedness, the person who
had sold him Bhagvan inside the temple, sold him coconuts and water by
stating that inside, God wi ll physically hear his prayers and grant him his
9 Its better to clear up misunderstandings at the earliest
Misunderstanding can go a long way in creating hurdles and obstacles in
your relationships with people. The same happened with Jaggu when she
was left on the alter by Sarfaraz on her wedding day and both suspended
10 Preast and preaches can mis lead the masses
Especially in all region of the world, where lack of education and enlighten
ha mpers logical thinking , religious preachers can mislead the people like
Tapasvi did!. The reason can be many, ranging from their desire fto get 15
min of fame or pocket a hefty sum, you might be tricked into something
that is not actually true.
PK is as much a philosophy as a film. It takes the stranded alien theme a
familiar from classics like ET, but tells the tale equally from the lonely
aliens eyes at times, evoking the beautiful story The Little Prince – as from
his human narrator s starting with the aliens desperation captures the
fears and falsehood humans weave around faith. When PK decides to pray
for his remote, hes bewildered about whom to pray.PK features brave
scenes -money extracted at temples, coconuts offered in confusi on at a
church, doling out tortuous advice and strong lines, including a Muslim girl
bravely asserting, Itna chota nahin ho sqta humarakhuda k usay hmaray
school Janay pr aetraz ho . Capturing faith whipped into hate, PK sterling
message, directed sensit ively, stands out.
A superb movie asking all us to take care of humanity rather than just
religion. Because humanity is the religion we must care about anything
else. Once again, Amir Khan takes away the light time and cool t see
Writer was so engrossed in making audience laugh especially on culture
The film conveys that spiritually and sceptism are related instincts, not
opposing forces. To question is not to condemn and PK questions get closer
to know the reality how cross cultural communication affect culture. He
does not question faith itself, but the rituals and rules and outwardly
Clothes, language, the different prayer define communication about
PK reminds us to use fresh eyes and a new perspective and tells that the
way it is can be so much better if we ate willing to fix it. It reminds us that
questioning ourselves and the deeply rooted preconceptions around us is
not just timely but necessary.
People have the right idea – we are only a few questions away fr om
salvation. If some people are using religion to spread hate, it is in us to use
it as a tool to spread love.
The sends ups of godmen and evangelism is definitely emulated. Especially
poignant is a scene where PK puts stickers of deceit on his face from being
beaten up after stealing, reminiscent of the way that simply mentioning
religion may shield those who presume to speak for God from any critism.
The above whole discussion provides conclusion and suggestion. By finding
the components of culture in PK movie we may conclusde that
1 There are some components of culture found in the movie, For instance
language, religion, and beliefs and norms. Language are essentially an
important civilization play an important part in culture. While religion and
belief s of the people in a civilization play an important role in shaping up of
the culture. The last norms, every society or every civilization has a set of
2 The cultural conflicts that exist in the movie as much as. Interpersonal
conflict, between individual between groups. All off the conflicts was
happened because the different perception from one people with another
people. It shows that interaction in social interaction.
Through this discussion we can get much knowledge as such as what is the
component of culture and cultural conflict .
The greatest strength and its greatest failing is its lighthearted tone renders
it safe and non -controversial. While this is wonderful because it reaches a
wider audience and is guaranteed not to offend, it is unf ortunate because
issues of faith and society are raised but not truly addresses or resolved .
For a social satire, it is not challenging as a much as validating. I agreed with
everything this movie has to say so I was nodding along rather than pausing
to re evaluate.
When human say that they love chicken or they love fish, they usually
mean that they love eating them and not that they are in love with these
creatures or so thinks PK. He is not from this planet but he understands
love better than humans. Perha ps with this we learn that only by
understanding and appreciating we become lovable and get awareness of
This movie has raised carefully crafted masterpiece questioning the
questionable sensitive matters of world which we have to learn.
Appr eciating, Respect and Accept
Now summarizing the whole discussion in a nutshell, we may say that for
improving cultural communication one should follow the rule of Accept,
Appreciate and respect other culture and acknowledgement.
One should accept the diff erences of culture, appreciate those differences
and should respect other culture without criticizing.
Instead of becoming Ethnocentric one must follow these key rules. So, in
this way we make a world better place to live.