Issues with Fast Foods
William Paterson University
October 21st, 2019
Food that can be prepared and served quickly with intention to be eaten quickly by various consumers is termed as fast food. Fast food can be acquired from various locations such as counter service, drive-through, and take-out. This food is popular since it is cheap to buy, convenient, and has a better taste (Kim et.al, 2016). Nevertheless, fast food is usually made with inexpensive ingredients such as meat with high fat, grains that are refined and added fats and sugar, instead of ingredients that are nutritious such as vegetables, protein that is lean, fruits, and whole grains. These foods also have aka salt that is utilized for preservation and makes the food to have high taste and preference among consumers. This paper will discuss concerns associated with consuming fast foods.
Fast foods should not be consumed on a regular basis since these foods contain a high amount of sodium, high levels of cholesterol, and a high amount of saturated cholesterol. Consuming too many fast foods for a long duration can lead to problems such as heart disease, overweight, and high blood pressure. But the short-term negative effect associated with consuming fast food is comprised of the following: Consuming fast food with high amount of sugar as the first meal of the day might make an individual feel hungrier at their next meal than if they ate a meal with low amount of sugar (Kim et.al, 2016).
According to research that was done by nutrition research and practice. Health specialists believe that this is attributed to the fact that fast foods with a high amount of sugar are worse at providing a sense of fullness. Also, the high content of starch in fast foods increases the bodys demand for insulin, which also enhances more hunger within a short duration after a meal. According to research that was done by the journal of hypertension suggests that eating high levels of salt might have an instant effect on the appropriate functioning of individual blood vessels. Consuming high levels of sodium also has an association with fluid retention. Fast foods have a low amount of vegetables and fruits. Making it difficult for individuals to reach their endorsed daily consumption of at least five servings. It might also be difficult for such individuals to reach their ideal fiber consumption, which is, at a minimum, should be twenty-five grams per day. Since the food is very palatable, that is, it is very swiftly broken in the mouth and doesnt need much chewing and activates the compensation centers in the brain quickly (Kim et.al, 2016).
There is a lot of well-documented research that clearly outlines that consuming fast food regularly will cause harmful effects on an individuals health. This is because most of the fast food has high levels of salt, Trans fat, sugar, ingredients that are manufactured, calories and saturated fat and low levels of fiber, and low levels of essential nutrients. Some of the long-term adverse effects linked with consistent ingesting of fast food on a persons health comprise the following: one, negative influence on the digestive tract and cardiovascular systems. Numerous fast foods such as drinks contain high amounts of starches lack of fiber. When the digestive tract of an individual digests these foodstuffs, the carbs are absorbed as glucose into a persons bloodstream, and as an outcome, the blood sugar of a person increases. The pancreas of an individual responds to the blood sugar by producing insulin. The insulin conveys sugar all over the physique to the cells that require glucose for energy production. As the physique of such an individual utilizes or stores the blood sugar, then the blood sugar of the individual goes back to normal. The body highly regulates this blood sugar, and as long as the person is healthy, then his or her organs can appropriately handle these sugar spikes (Kar & Khandelwal, 2015). But habitually consuming high amounts of carbs can cause repeated spikes in an individuals blood sugar. As time goes, these insulin spikes might lead to an individual bodys typical insulin reaction to vacillate. This will increase the persons danger for type 2 diabetes, insulin opposition, and gaining weight.
Trans-fat is processed and is usually found in cookies, pizza, deep-fried pies, and crackers, and no amount of trans fat is better. Consuming foods that contain trans-fat can increase a persons bad cholesterol and decline a persons good cholesterol and expansion the chance of an individual of getting type 2 diabetes and heart illness. Eating food with a high amount of sodium for a long duration can increase blood pressure and enhance stress on a persons heart and cardiovascular system (Stoddard G., 2019).
Second is a negative influence on the respiratory system. A person would be overweight due to excess calories found on fast food meals, and this might cause obesity. Obesity increases a persons jeopardy for respiratory difficulties, comprising asthma and shortness of breath. The superfluous pounds can cause a lot of pressure on individual lungs and heart, and signs might show up even with exertion. An individual might experience breathing difficulties when he or she is doing physical exercises, walking, or climbing stairs. For kids, the jeopardy of respiratory difficulties is specifically clear. Stoddard G., (2019) that was conducted outlined that kids who eat fast food at a minimum of three times a week are more possible to encourage asthma.
The third is a negative influence on the central nervous system. A persons hunger might be satisfied with fast food for the short term, but long term outcomes will be negative. Individuals who consume fast food are fifty-one percent more probable to cultivate depression than individuals who do not consume fast food (Stoddard G., 2019). Fast and junk food might have an effect on an individuals productiveness. A study that was conducted highlighted food that is processed comprises phthalates. Phthalates are chemicals that might interfere with the functioning of hormones in an individuals body. Being exposed to high levels of these chemicals might cause reproductive problems, comprising birth defects (Bienkowski B. 2018). Another negative influence on the integumentary system, such as hair, skin, and nails. The food we eat might have an effect on the way our skin appears, but it may not be.
Over the past few years, pizza and chocolate were blamed for being the cause of acne breakouts, but according to the Mayo Clinic, its starch. Foods that are rich in carbohydrates can cause blood sugar spikes, and this swift increase in blood sugar levels might activate acne. Kids and teenagers who eat fast food at a minimum of three times a week are also more probable to cultivate eczema. Eczema is a condition of the skin that leads to patches of inflammation that are irritated and skin that is itching.
Fast food has a negative influence on the skeletal system. Fast food that contains a high amount of starch and sugar might increase acids in our mouth. This acid might cause the breaking down of tooth enamel. As tooth bacteria might be present, and cavities might cultivate. Bone density and muscle mass problems may be caused by obesity (Just & Wansink, 2015). Individuals who are obese possess bigger jeopardy for falling and breaking bones. It is essential to have physical exercise to strengthen a muscle, which our bones and hold a balanced diet to reduce the loss of bone strength. Fast food increases the risk of acquiring cancer. Sodium nitrate are flavors utilized to increase the color of the meat and to prevent the growth of bacteria. Both the chemicals can separate.
Fast food can also cause a person to worry. Since there is a deficiency of omega-3 fatty acids in fast food, a deficiency of those good fats might cause anxiety. Also, fast food with a high amount of carbohydrates, which can cause variations of blood sugar; if the blood sugar inclines into hypoglycemic levels, then one can experience worry and tiredness. Lastly, fast foods have a negative influence on society. Currently, two out of three adults in the USA are either obese or overweight. More than a quarter of kids age six to nineteen are also regarded as either overweight or obese (Zalewska & Maciorkowska, 2017). These could have an adversative consequence for the person and the USAs healthcare system.
Do you think the government should do something about issues with fast food? I definitely think yes because it will decrease the obesity rate and help people live longer and happier life. If the government can control our taxes, then why not fast food for example. If the government put taxes like huge amount of taxes on fast food, it will probably eventually teach people the difficult way of how bad fast food really is and how much it can do damage to your body. By eating fast food people can get disabilities and other diseases. They can become unhealthy. Fast food is the worst food ever to come up in society of the United States. If the government at least changes the ingredients that the chemicals and the manufactured of these foods are processed in our food chain in America wouldnt be so terrible. Like changing everything to organic. Everything non-artificial sweeteners, and GMO free. Even though unfortunately fast food is such a big industry in the world its something that we have to stand up for and change the ingredients.
Bienkowski, B. (2018). Would you like phthalates with that burger? Retrieved from
Just, D. R., & Wansink, B. (2015). Fast food, soft drink and candy intake is unrelated to body mass index for 95% of American adults. Obesity science & practice, 126-130.
Kar, S., & Khandelwal, B. (2015). Fast foods and physical inactivity are risk factors for obesity and hypertension among adolescent school children in east district of Sikkim, India. Journal of natural science, biology, and medicine, 6, 356.
Kim, S. Y., Sim, S., Park, B., Kong, I. G., Kim, J. H., & Choi, H. G. (2016). Dietary habits are associated with school performance in adolescents. Medicine, 95.
Stoddard, G., & Stoddard, G. (2019). 20 Negative Effects of Fast Food on Your Body. Retrieved from
Zalewska, M., & Maciorkowska, E. (2017). Selected nutritional habits of teenagers associated with overweight and obesity. PeerJ, 5, e3681.