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introduction to psychology 414 Essay

Words: 2, Paragraphs: 17, Pages: 1

Paper type: Essay

HafsaAC1809906

IntroductionltolPsychologylC04V

Assignmentl04

Friday,l20thlSeptemberl2019llllllllOperantlconditioninglislaltypelofllearninglinlwhichlorganismslassociateltheirlactionslwithl-consequences.lOperantlconditioninglcanlbelusedltolmodifylbehavior,lwhetherlitlislaldesirablelb-ehaviorlwelwantltolstrengthenlorlapplyltolourselveslorlanlundesirablelbehaviorlthatlwelwantlto stop.

PartlAIlhavelmanylproblemslthatlIlwouldllikeltolchange.lOneloflthemlislCynophobia.lIlgotlthislcynophobialsincelwhenlIlwasl6lyearslold.lAlthoughlIlamlanlanimalllover,lhadlmanylpetslinlmyllifellikeluncountablelcats,lhens,llovelbirds,lfishes,letclIlalsolhadlpetsllikelgoatslandlsheeplinlIndia.lIlamlnotlscaredloflanylanimallexceptldogs.lAslfarlaslIlrememberedlatlthislagelIlsawlmylel-derlsisterlandlbrotherltextbooklcoverlpagelwhichlhadlalpictureloflaldoglbitingltolalboy.lIlusedl-tolwatchlthislpictureldailylandldeeplylIldon’tlknowlwhy.lBecauselthelbookslusedltolbelonlthelt-ablelsolitlwouldldailylcomeslinlfrontloflmyleyes.lAndlIlwouldlwatchlitlveryldeeplylandlwouldl-feellthelpainloflthatlboylandlwouldlimaginelhowlthislmightlhavelhappenedlandlsolonlandlaml20lnowlbutlstill,lthatlpicturelclearlylexistslinlmylmindlsolIlthinklIlgotlthislphobialdueltolthis.ll

lllllllllIlwantltolchangelthislphobialbecauseleveryltimelalseelaldoglIlgetlalpaniclattack.lIlfeellex-tremelylstressedlandlscaredlwhenlaldoglcomeslnearlme.lIldon’tlhavelcontrolloflmyselflwhichl-makeslmelscreamlautomatically.lAndlthislleadslmeltolfeellashamedlinlpublic.lSolIlwantltolchangelthislandlwantsltolloveldogsltoo.lChanginglthislbehaviorlwilllhelplfromlgettinglembarrassedl-inlpubliclandlthislwilllmakelmelfeellconfidentlwithldogslaroundlmelaslwell.

lllllllllTolchangelmylbehaviorlIlmustlplanlitlthislway.lFirst,lthelcynophobialhaslstartedldueltol-watchinglalpicturelsolIlthinklitlmustlbeltreatedlbacklinlthelsamelmanner.lFirstlylIlmustlwatchlp-ictureslandlvideosldailylinlwhichldogsllovelhuman,lorlplayinglwithlhuman,lhelpinglhumanlandlsolon.lThislwilllhelplmylconsciouslandlsubconsciouslmindltolunderstandlthatldoglarelharmless.lTheyldolnotlharmluslinsteadltheyllovelhumanslandltheylarelhelpfulltolus.lSecondly,lIlmustlalsoltryltolgoltolalpetlshoplorlalfriend’slhouselwhereltherelislaldoglandlIlmustltrylnotltolpaniclandltolinteractlwithlitlandlshouldltryltoltouchlthem.lThislwilllhelplmeltolcomeloutloflmylfear.lIlmustlmakelaltableltolnoteldownlthelnumberslofltimelIlpanickedlandlthelnumberlofltimelIlwaslcalml-andltouchedlaldog.lIlwilllrewardlmyselflwithlalnewldressleachltimelIltouchlaldog.lFinally,lafterlcynophobialislcompletelylremoved,lIlwilllbuylalcuteldoglforlmyselflaslalrewardlforlremovingl-myllifetimelfear.

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PartlBHowardlGardnerlintroducedlthelTheoryloflMultiplelIntelligencelinl1983.lThelTheoryloflMultiplelIntelligenceslsuggestsltherelareleightldifferentltypesloflintelligence.lEachlonelislveryl-differentlfromlthelother,lwhichlmeanslthatlwelcanlbelverylgoodlatlsomeloflthemlandlnotlgoodl-atlalllinlothers.lTheleightlbitsloflintelligencelarelLinguistic,lLogical/Mathematical,lSpatial,lMu-sical,lBody/Kinesthetic,lInterpersonal,lIntrapersonal,landlNaturalistic.

lLinguisticlIntelligencelislalpersonlableltoluselwordsleffectively.lPeoplelwholarellinguisticlinte-lligentlcanlfindlthelrightlwordsltolexpresslwhatltheylmean.lTheylalsolenjoylreadinglandllearn-inglnewlwords.lYoulcouldltestlthislknowledgelbylaskinglalpersonltollistlwordslthatlstartlwithlalcertainlletter.lByldoinglthislwelcouldlseelhowlmanylwordsltheylknowlthatlstartlwithlthatlparti-cularlletterlandluselitlaslalreferenceltoldeterminelthelsizelofltheirlvocabulary.ll

Logical/MathematicallIntelligencelislalperson’slabilityltoluseldeductivelreasoning,lsee-inglpatterns,landlusellogicallthinking.lTheylarelusuallylgoodlatlmathlproblemslandlscientificli-nvestigationlaslwell.lSoltoltestlsomeone’sllogical/mathematicallintelligencelyoulcouldlgivelthelmathlproblemsltolsolve,lasklthemltolfindlpatternslinlcodeslorlobjects,lorlsolvelalrubricslcube.

Peoplelwholarelproficientlinlspatiallintelligencelarelableltolthinklinl3Dlandlhavelalverylactivelimaginationlaslwell.lPeoplelinlthislarealoflintelligencelarelusuallylverylartisticlandlarel-ableltolgetltheirlvisionsldownlonlpaperltoo.lToltestlthislintelligencelyoulcouldlasklsomeoneltol-picturelalcubelandlthenldrawlit.lIfltheyldrawlalboxlwithl4lsideslthenlthatlmaylbelindicatedlthatl-theylarelnotlspatiallthinkers,lifltheyldrawlsomethinglwithl6lsideslthenltheylarelthinkinglinl3D.

lMusicallIntelligencelislthelabilityltoldiscernlpitch,lrhythm,landltone.lPeoplelwithlmusicallintel-ligencelarelableltolpickluplonlchangeslinlpitchlandlcanlkeeplalbeat.lToltestlsomeoneslmusicallintelligencelwelcouldlgivelthemlanlinstrumentlandlseelifltheylcouldlplaylonlthelbeat,lorlplaylals-onglthatlhaslbeenlalteredlandlseelifltheylpickluplonlthelchangeslinlpitch.ll

Peoplelwholhavelbodily/kinestheticlintelligencelhavelverylgoodlhandeyelcoordination.l-Theylarelgoodlatlusingltheirlbodyltolconveylfeelingslandlideas,ltheylalsolhavelexcellentlmotorl-skillslandlcoordinationlaslwell.lTheylarelphysicallandlkeenlylawarelofltheirlbodiesltoo.lAltestl-youlcouldldoltolseeliflsomeonelisltalentedlinlthelintelligencelisltolasklthemltoldribblelalballlw-hilelwalking.l

InterpersonallIntelligencelislthelabilityltolbelsensitiveltolmoodslandltemperamentsloflot-herslandlthelabilityltolentertainlmultiplelperspectives.lInterpersonallpeoplelarelverylfriendlylandltheylhavelgoodlcommunicationlskills.lToltestlthislwelshouldlpresentlalhypotheticallpersonallp-roblemlandlseelifltheylcouldlseelitlfromlthelotherlperspective.

IntrapersonallIntelligencelislself-awareness,lknowinglwhatlyoularelfeelinglandlwhy,landlknowinglexactlylwhatlyoulwantlandlne-ed.lSoltoltestlsomeoneslintrapersonallintelligencelIlwouldlprovidelthemlwithlalpuzzleloflsomel-kindlandlasklifltheylwouldllikeltoldolitlwithlalpartnerlorlbylthemselves.lMyltheorylislthatlsomeonelwithlintrapersonallintelligencelwouldlratherldolitlbylthemselves.l

lNaturalistlIntelligencelislsomeonelwholcanlunderstandlnature,landlalllthellivinglthingslonlit,litl-islhavinglsensitivitylforlallllivinglandlnon-livinglelementslinlnature.lPeoplelwholhavelnaturalistlintelligencelarelgoodlatlmakinglplantslgr-owlandlraisinglanimals,ltheylalsollikeltolspendltimeloutdoorslaslwell.lSoltoltestlsomeone’slnat-uralistlintelligencelIlwouldlgivelthemlalsmalllplantltoltakelcareloflitlforlalfewldayslwithlnolinst-ructions.lIflthelplantlcamelbacklinlthelsamelconditionlorlbetterlthanltheylwouldlhavelhigherlna-turalistlintelligence.

ThelidealbehindlMultiplelintelligencelislwelallllearnlinlaldifferentlwaylandlwelalllbenef-itlfromlallltheleightlbitsloflintelligence,lwelmaylbelstrongerlinlsomelthanlotherslbutltheylarelalllimportantlandltogetherltheylmakeluplourlwholelintelligence.ll

lReference

Niu.l(n.d.).lHowardlGardner’slTheoryloflMultiplelIntelligences.lRetrievedlfromlNiu:l

SlideShare.l(n.d.).lB.lF.lSkinner’slOperantlConditioning.lRetrievedlfromlSlideShare:l

healthylpsyche.l(n.d.).lHoelTolChangelBehaviour.lRetrievedlfromlhealthylpsych:l

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