This project entitled with INTERCITY TRANSPORT SYSTEM demonstrates the simple working principle of real time data processing, acquisition and controlling of a single transport system.
The main task of this project is to provide safety and security for public to travel.
This project uses MIT app inverter to generate ticket with encrypted data as well as controlling and displaying data scan by scanner and sends to system using raspberry pi.
Thus, this project innovates in terms of regulation and management of transport system in electronic domain in various field such as safety, efficiency, accuracy and reliability.
Chapter 1: Introduction
Smart cities cannot be built without smart public transport. Under the smart cities program, the cities are required to build efficient urban mobility and public transportation by creating walkable localities, as well as promoting a variety of transport options. However, there is no clear guideline for developing sustainable public transportation system. An urban transport system is subject to planning, execution and development by the states and union territories; hence, under the smart cities program each city can prepare its smart city vision document, highlighting the citys vision and funding proposal.
Buses are the most popular and convenient mode of transportation in urban cities. More than 1.6 million buses are registered in India, and the public bus sector operates 170,000 buses carrying roughly 70 million people per day. However, bus transportation has not been able to cater to the growing travel demand. There are only 30,000 buses serving the city areas, out of which approximately 3500 buses are operated under a public-private partnership agreement. All bus operators are incurring huge losses and do not have funds for the capital investment needed to procure new vehicles and technology. The average age of the fleet ranges from 2 years to 11.8 years for state bus transport undertakings.
The aim of this project is design a system which is provide accurate, reliable, smart and secure journey for people as compared to the current transport system which is being done with the help of smart devices.
The INTERCITY TRANSPORT SYSTEM is project with the help of which we can generate ticket with encrypted data as well as we also can perform different processes like scanning, counting, manage transportation system.
As per the details of expenditure on transport, buses are most preferred mode of transport in both rural and urban India.
The federal government launched National Urban Renewal Mission (NURM) in 2009 and embarked upon a massive program of revitalising urban areas by allocating national funds to speed up the creation of much- needed infrastructure. The program was split in two phases and was concluded in 2015.
Approximately 222km of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems are operational and the remaining 282km are under construction. MoUD has provided financial assistance to 11 cities for the construction of 504km Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS).
In order to generate more investment in the sector, the federal government has proposed to open the public bus sector to private companies. This will allow buses to operate on nationalised routes. According to the Road Transport Ministry, the opening of the sector will increase the passenger ridership to 120-150 million per day.
IT solutions are important for public transport systems and information is becoming critical for any service planning. The key factors such as passenger demand, journey demand, service hour and service frequency have great impact on the expenditure and revenue of any authority or operator. IT tools can also help to refine processes and improve efficiency. Smart transportation should have fleet management, ticketing, security surveillance, traffic management and real time passenger information.
The survey revealed that 9 out of 12 cities have implemented a vehicle tracking system and 11 out of 12 implemented electronic ticketing machine. However, no cities have yet implemented planning and scheduling or depot management systems; with the majority using manual systems for such operations. The availability of real time information is equally important for commuters to plan their journey.
In the absence of good quality data, commuters arent able to obtain accurate service information. However, there are some third party mobile app provider that provide offline information to users such as traffic and move it.
Chapter 2: Block diagram
2.1 Block Diagram
Figure. 2.1 Block Diagram of Intercity transport system
The system is generate a ticket by ticket generator. This ticket has encrypt data in QR code pattern which is decrypt/scan by QR code scanner. This system uses a camera module which is interface with Raspberry Pi to perform operation of QR code scanner.
After scan a ticket, system is observe a scanning process and count the availability of vacant seat in the bus.
The no. of vacant seats are shown on the TFT display which inside the bus.
The relay module used to open-closed a door according to the given signal by process unit.
This system is also shown the availability of buses which are reach at the bus stand within 15minutes on the display.
2.2 Flow chart
Figure. 2.2 Flow chart
Chapter 3: Hardware description /(technique description)
3.1 List of Components & prize
Raspberry pi- 3500
Camera module – 590
3.2 Raspberry pi
The Raspberry Pi is a computer, running a Linux operating system. The raspberry pi work on ARM processer. The Raspberry Pi use for Industrial applications as well as domestic applications. In Raspberry Pi operating system load/boot from the SD Card. Raspberry Pi has on board audio jack for audio jack for audio out, HDMI for video out for the monitor or any other display devices. It has an Ethernet port for accessing internet from your ISP Provider. We can attach different device like keyboard, mouse, LCD & LED. We can drive/operate relay and motor using Raspberry Pi.
SoC: Broadcom BCM2837B0 quad-core A53 (ARMv8) 64-bit @ 1.4GHz
GPU: Broadcom Video core-IV
RAM: 1GB LPDDR2 SDRAM
Networking: Gigabit Ethernet (via USB channel), 2.4GHz and 5GHz 802.11b/g/n/ac Wi-Fi
GPIO: 40-pin GPIO header, populated
Ports: HDMI, 3.5mm analogue audio-video jack, 4x USB 2.0, Ethernet, Camera Serial Interface (CSI), Display Serial Interface (DSI)
3.3 Camera module
A camera module is an image sensor integrated with a lens, control electronics, and an interface like CSI, Ethernet or plain raw low-voltage differential signaling.
Resolution: 5 MP
Interface Type: CSI(Camera Serial Interface)
Dimensions: 25x23x8 (LxWxH) mm
Supported Video Formats: 1080p @ 30fps, 720p @ 60fps and 640x480p 60/90 video
Fully Compatible with Raspberry Pi 3 Model B.
Plug-n-Play camera for Raspberry Pi 3 Model B.
3.4 Hardware Module
The camera module is interface with the Raspberry Pi to perform the operation of ticket scanner. The camera is capture the image of ticket and Raspberry Pi is detect the QR code of ticket and decrypt its data.
The Raspberry Pi is also verify a ticket and give the acknowledgement of validation of the ticket.
Chapter 4: Implementation
To Generate a ticket with QR code, this project use a online platform.
MIT App Inverter is also one type of online platform which uses to generate bus ticket with QR Code.
When we open MIT app inverter, first dashboard is appear on the screen as shown in below figure
The QR code generator is convert the given data of ticket into encrypted data as shown in figure 4.4.
Chapter 5: Conclusive Remarks
5.1 Semester 7 work
Learnt Basic programming language (Python)
Learned to make application by app inverter
Interfacing Camera module with raspberry pi
Learned a coding related to camera module interfacing
Generate the ticket with encrypted data
5.2 Semester 8 work
Learn a interfacing of TFT display with Raspberry Pi
Make a program to show the availability of seats in the bus
Make a real time display for buses
This system is more reliable as compare to current transport system.
This system gives safety and security to travel.
It is maintain current transport system.
It give real time data of buses.
The primary goal of this project is to achieve actions initiatives that make up the action agenda for new techniques. In the way of great poster a respective university climate where all faculties are valued equally and treated with respect to us we reach at the and of this project. To that end from this project and project report, I conclude that such project is to present and ready to serve the controlling and monitoring operation for the project entitled with Intercity Transport System.
Chapter 6: Bibliography and reference