Atara Seff December 11, 2018
Assignment Two: Industrial Revolution DBQ
Read: Beck: pp. 638-642
Additional Sheets Answer: June 2006 D.B.Q.
Positives and negatives effects of the Industrial revolution on european society
This spread of the Industrial revolution resulted in many negative and positive impacts. Some negative impacts included unsafe working and living conditions, and lack of many public services. The Industrial Revolution also had many positive effects. Some include faster machinery, employment and agricultural industries. The Industrial Revolution had a huge impact on European society with both positive and negative effects.
The Industrial Revolution made an impact positively and negatively on the society in Europe.
The first negative effects of the Industrial Revolution on European society was retirement of cottage cloth making. Cottage cloth making was when small businesses made in home cloth. This was usually done by woman. As the growth of larger factories the cottage businesses began to shut down. Woman now had to work in the factories to provide for their families. The hours were extensive and working conditions were poor. Now, woman not only had to go out of their homes to work, they had to travel back to their homes to make food for their families and clean around their houses. (Document 1)
A second negative effect of the Industrial Revolution on European society was the growth in population. Over the span of Great Britain the population increased greatly between 1801 and 1851. As the growth of factories, created more people to move closer towards their work. This created crowded cities and poor living conditions. Factories were able to give their workers longer unreasonable hours. (Document 4)
An additional negative effect of the Industrial Revolution on European society was the unsatinarty working conditions. This included lack of water supply, lack of cleanliness, and air pollution. Workers were not given respect from their factories. The rate of poor families increased due to the low pay from factory owners. The bad ventilation cause greater deaths than the losses from death and wounds from any war fought in Great Britain. (Document 6)
The last negative effect of the Industrial Revolution on European society was the poor representation of the lower working class. Flora Tristan was a French activist and a member of the lower working class. Her ideas advocated for those who were unable to rise up, she wrote the Workers Union. Her first idea was to have working women and men be recognized. The second was for boy and girl to be able to have the right to education. The third was to examine possibilities of labor in factories in social state and condition. The fourth was to help working-class children receive intellectual and vocational instruction. Additionally, the workers injured on the job, elderly as well, be admitted. The fifth was to have woman the moral, intellectual and vocational education among the immoral masses of men. The sixth idea was representation of working class so that they were able to exist among society without being pushed aside. Lastly, a principle of equal rights for men and women as the sole means of unification. (Document 7)
The first positive effects of the Industrial Revolution on European society was the more efficient and powerful machinery. The machinery was used in large factories for men, women and children to maintain. This invention was called the power loom patented by Cartwheel in 1785. This made making cloth much faster. Additionally, the trade industry for cloth flourished at this time. Another invention that revolutionized Europe was the process of smelting by pit-coal. This came into play when used by steam engines to blast furnaces in 1788. In later date the amount of iron manufactured nearly doubled. (Document 2)
Another positive effect of the Industrial Revolution on European society was the steam engines which aided the British economy. There was also a vast demand for fuel which ultimately lead to many jobs being brought up. The powerful arms of British opened to draining their mines of coal. The new calling of employment needed miners, engineers, shp-builders, and sailors. There was also a calling for construction of canals and railroads. This enabled rich fields to go to industries of production for man and animals. Steam engines were cheap and efficient. They traveled to deliver cheap good and acquired in exchange a liberal supply of necessities for Great Britain. In also provided comforts of life, produced and exchanged by foreign countries. (Document 3)