In today society, Yahoo is universally recognize by most people in the world as a search engine for the Internet, there are many entities of Yahoo that consists of email, chat, shopping, news and entertainment, etc. The company started in the United States (U.S.), then went on to become one of the very first website search engines in the industry, afterwards the company marketed itself around the world, and now, almost every country is a subsidiary of Yahoo. Canada has Yahoo.
ca, China has Yahoo.cn, (which links with todays Alibaba.com), Hong Kong has Yahoo.hk, and the list goes on. Ironically, each Yahoo search engine has particular features tailored specifically for that countrys needs. Whether it be local stores recommendations, local eateries, or etc. Valued at a little more than $5 billion a year annually, Yahoo prides itself for being built on trust (part of the companys moto) while conducting business and servicing millions of citizens based in the U.
S. However, as being a multinational business, they have remote offices in other countries all over the world to handle their remote sites as well.
In this case, the stakeholders are a select few but represents many different types between internal and external. First, being external, there is Wang Xiaoning and Shi Tao, who represents users of Yahoo. Then there is the local government of China, The Peoples Republic of China (PRC), along with the United States Government, The World Organization for Human Rights, and the Public Press in both the U.
S. and China are all considered relevant stakeholders. Yahoo U.S. and Yahoo China can also be considered internal stakeholders along with their employees who shared information within the Chinese borders. In addition, the perception on Yahoo can be jeopardized depending on the outcome of the case and the pressure the press puts on them to assist in a resolution.
Ethically, Yahoo has equipment (servers, staff, etc.) within the borders of China unlike some of their competitors which means they should have to follow local laws within its jurisdiction of China. They serve a Chinese population but the action of turning over information should not have happened. However, this is standard law within the Peoples Republic of China, for companies that operate within China. Yahoo does physically operate in China and act as a third party with Alibaba.com
Theoretically, Yahoo could not refuse turning over Xiaonings and Taos information and suffer being sued by Chinese government, stating they are in an equivalent of obstruction of justice. This also explain how Chinas laws clearly express that foreign businesses need to be compliant if they are physically located within their borders. However, their laws also state the republic is in control of all media including the (Chinese) internet.
Xianing and Taos could plea with the United States Human Rights forces stating they are being detained under unrest because this is truly an American homegrown business that expanded to other countries. Under the Electronica Communication Privacy Act for the United States, ones information is private online unless it shows harm to others. The United States would need to step in universal jurisdiction and extradite them into the United States to allow them to wander freely until their legal hearing occurs.
Another option could be where the Peoples Republic of China steps in, detains Xianing and Tao, charge them, and then punish them under Chinese law. The United States would then be a nullified spectator as this is a Chinese citizen against the Chinese government. Hence, Yahoo would have to follow suit and relinquish all information obtained concerning the two men, including any vilifying comments the two culprits wrote about Chinese government that could be useful to prosecute them.
Yahoo as a parent company located in the United States should have given up the clients information as the PRC required. Chinese Law states the government controls media including internet, if the company operates within the borders of China. Thus, concerning this matter, with equipment being within the borders of China unlike their competitors, Yahoo is solely responsible for their actions. As a result, to combat the situation, the two clients spouses went the United States to involve the Human Rights of America, which disputes per U.S. law that no individual or institution (business) should be morally or unethical detained concerning ones views or ideals pertain to any non-criminal activity. However, China thoughts are different, Yahoo knew this prior to their business arrangement with China that their information would be shared with the government as needed; this is solely what happened, and the citizens are being penalized under proper law. What Yahoo may want to think of doing is revising their practices for countries similar to China where communism is more prevalent, and be aware of what information can and cannot be shared with certain parties.