In the year of 2014 statistic show, almost 800,000 people have migrated through European borders. This has been done by irregular channels, fleeing conflict and violence reception, also anticipating the search of an improved life abroad. This migration surge is speedily changing into the biggest and most difficult that Europe has faced since the Second World War. Although, this is not distinctive in either its causes or its drivers, it has become a sensitive political issue and has generated an intense political, aggravating pre-existing weaknesses in the immigration systems across Europe.
Moreover, this has caused a shortage of Associate in Nursing adequate response by EU governments. Thus leaving many thousands of refugees and alternative migrants vulnerable and in life threatening danger. This policy transient outlines key facts about the present surge in irregular migration to Europe; sets out the policy and sensible challenges facing EU governments during this regard. And offers suggestions on a way to reframe current approaches to facilitate a more practical and applicable response.
According to UNHCR, since 2015 over 70% of individuals incoming in Europe via the sea are currently from the worlds 10 prime refugee-producing countries. Over 60% are from Syria, a further 20% from Afghanistan, 10% from Ethiopia and 40% from Iraq. The evidence shows that these countries are all facing series of either conflict or crisis. the most important variety of asylum applications to the EU in 2014 nineteen were created by Syrians. Applications from Afghans and Eritreans have additionally exaggerated considerably (EASO, 2015). There are massive numbers of individuals seeking access to Europe whose eligibility for international protection is additional complicated, or travelling to the United Nations could also be traveling primarily for economic reasons.
while refugees are usually thought-about significantly vulnerable, this current surge illustrates that, regardless of the drivers of migration or associate degree individuals standing, the risks facing all migrants travelling to Europe through irregular routes are sizable, they face a risk of physical danger, exploitation and abuse, human trafficking, sexual violence, and extortion. Even before this scenario, EU states attended read any large-scale international migration as a threat to the sovereignty of their national and regional borders, their economies and their societies. As a result, some states have tightened up borders and control to their countries. However, as much as they have tried to tighten up their nation security, studies show that migrants have still found a way to enter states which clearly shows a crisis.
The majority of individuals seeking entry to Europe are fleeing conflict and violence in their home countries. Statistics show that over ten million Syrian people need humanitarian help and over three million have fled the country, another country that too face an advance of violence and conflict is Yemen and Iraq, so not only do they face a corrupt government they also face serious and deadly militant groups such as ISIS (Islamic State). Other countries such as Somalia, South Sudan, Mali, Nigeria and Eritrea, also face conflicts and crises and threaten the lives of civilians on a daily basis which are forcing several to flee their home country in search of safety and security in Europe. Within the Mideast, there is no real prospect of integration or maybe real security in their countries of initial birth. Consequently, several prefer to leave to Europe in which they believe they will find a better life both economically and socially. A sense case to compare this too would be the case of Syrian refugees. For instance, host governments within the middle East an are engulfed by the quantity of arrivals and a few are getting progressively hostile, and are beginning to tighten borders, they also are increasing visa or residency restrictions and in some cases effectively denying legal access to figure.
A few key challenges that the government are expected to face during this migration crisis are that there is a considerable price to pay for countries receiving large-scale influxes of refugees entering their state. The government will have to consider cost on all aspects of both the social and economic growth and decline to their countries (e.g. housing, education, health and welfare services). Given the slow economic recovery in several EU states, this is often not a price that every state is willing to pay. There are also other government issues concerning however long refugees can stay in Europe, and therefore however long they’ll want such support, in addition to that the several governments are also worried about the immediate strain on welfare services, perceived competition over jobs and impact on social cohesion. Another example many European government face on migration crisis is the public perception on the subject. The public opinion on international migrants are extremely divided, with that being said it is affecting both the government policies and integration prospects for other refuges. The media also have they fare share on shifting the publics views by sharing the experiences and lengths Syrians are going through to travel to Europe, with that being said anti immigration polices still remain a high agenda on most of Europe right wing parties.