In essence, Modern Social Work Theory Book by Payne has two parts. Part one is about all-purpose discussions on social work theory and how it is applied while in part two, the core sets of social work theories are reviewed. Further, Payne takes in the foremost modern social work theories, describing, cognitive-behavioral systems and ecological, strengths-narrative-solution, humanistic existentialism-spirituality, crisis and task centered, empowerment-advocacy, macro-social development-social pedagogy, critical, psychodynamic feminist, and anti-oppressive-multicultural sensitivity approaches to practice.
That said, I will put my emphasis on Cognitive Behavioral system. It refers to a system of psychotherapy that focuses on how an individual’s feelings and behaviors are affected by their thoughts and beliefs. Cognitive-behavioral therapy mainly focuses on altering the reflex unhealthy thoughts that can add to emotional despair and anxiety. Basically, these unhealthy thoughts spring forward spontaneously, are accepted as accurate, and tend to negatively affect an individual’s attitude. The process of therapy is non-directive and a therapist will enable change through operating with the client to achieve a chain of aims. In addition, the cognitive behavior therapy also focuses on the actual behaviors that are adding to the difficulty. Consequently, the client begins to acquire and practice innovative abilities that can then be set in to practice in real-world situations. Generally, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a gradual process that aids a person take incremental steps towards a conduct change.
There are several types of the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, some of these include Rational Emotional Behavior, Cognitive, Rational Living, and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy among others. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy shapes a set of abilities that enables a person to be mindful of emotions; identify how circumstances, thoughts, and actions influence sentiments; and develop feelings by changing dysfunctional beliefs and actions.
Generally, it is a common theory that our thoughts directly affects our emotions and behaviors and the cognitive part of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy focuses on the clients thoughts. However, some critics recommended that, becoming alert of these thoughts does not make it easy to alter them just because they identify that certain thoughts are irrational. Moreover, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy doesn’t tend to focus on potential underlying unconscious resistances to change as much as other approaches such as psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Clients who are more contented with a organized and intensive tactic in which the therapist regularly takes an instructional role are best-suited for Cognitive behavior therapy. However, the individual must be prepared and willing to spend time and energy exploring his or her thoughts and feelings for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to be effective.
All things considered, Cognitive behavioral therapy has a tremendous effect on clients with psychological problems. The results of this therapy has been confirmed to be tremendously powerful in curing many mental difficulties by approaching unhealthy thoughts and altering behavioral reactions to fearful causing circumstances. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is powerful because it teaches the client concerning the detrimental importance of the maladaptive thinking progressions and maladaptive behavior that has been protected in the patient and instructs the client to base thinking more on facts than on assumptions.