This study focuses on how parents respond after their child experiences a trauma and the role the response plays in influencing the child responses, and how parenting styles change after child trauma. Researchers found participants for this study by posting letters of invitation throughout the community, local service providers, and using a professional survey company.
This article has a good sample but it’s sampling method provided a diversity limitation.
Although there is diversity in terms of gender, type of trauma and time of time, there is imitation with ethnic diversity. All but one participant self-identified as Caucasian. The extent to which this research can be applied to the general population is very low.
This study accesses the relationship between childhood psychosocial adversity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) as opposed to socioeconomic adversity. They used a study of women from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, about 3612 participants.
The ALSPAC is a prospective birth cohort study from southwest England. The study included lack of maternal care, maternal overprotection, parental mental illness, household dysfunction, sexual abuse, physical and emotional abuse, and neglect in childhood. Questionnaires were administered during pregnancy Approximately 18 years after recruitment into the cohort with a mean age of 51 years. 4957 women attended a follow-up research clinic at which CVD risk factors were assessed.
Rating this is a good article with a good sample size at first, but currently it has its limitations. The generalizability is limited in this study because the sample included in this current analysis is a representation of approximately 25% of the original ALSPAC mothers’ cohort. There is selection bias in the study because the outcomes of loss-to-follow-up, as outcomes were assessed approximately 18 years after recruitment into the cohort. The They only assessed women who are mothers’ and it is possible that this is itself may confer protection against the effects of psychosocial adversity in childhood.