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Gangs and Society Paper

Words: 1308, Pages: 5

Paper type: Essay , Subject: Gangs In America

Parent topic:

What is a gang?
A set of implements or devices arranged to operate together; a group of persons working or associated together; a group of young criminals or young delinquents

What is a club?
an association or organization dedicated to a particular interest or activity.

What is a gang banger?
-usually young men obsessed with the idea of earning ‘respect’

Folk Nation and People Nation are examples of _____?
alliances

Folk Nation
Right Identifiers (Fright)

Folk Nation
Winged heart (Fwinged)

Folk Nation
Backwards swastika (Frau hitler)

Folk Nation
Pitch fork

Folk Nation
6 pt star

Folk nation
Bent ear bunny head

Folk Nation
Dice (number 6)

Folk Nation
Devil’s horns

Folk Nation
“All is One”

Folk Nation Sets
Black Gangster Disciples
Black Disciples

Folk Nation Sets
Cobras
Eagles

Folk Nation Sets
CRIPS

Folk Nation Sets
Latin Disciples
Maniac Latin Disciples
Simon City Royals

Folk Nation Sets
Gangster Disciples
La Raza

Folk Nation 6 Pointed Star
LIFE
LOVE
LOYALTY
KNOWLEDGE
WISDOM
UNDERSTANDING
(KUW)

Folk Nation Money Sign
Mack
Money
Madness

People Nation
Crown (5 pts)

People Nation
Staff

People Nation
Dice (number 5)

People Nation
Pyramid

People Nation
Glove

People Nation
Champagne glass

People Nation
Bunny head

People Nation
Spanish cross

People Nation
Five pt star

People Nation
All is All. All is Well

People Nation 5 Point Star
OBIEDENCE
RESPECT
HONOR
SACRIFICE
LOVE
(L.O.R.S.H)

People Nation Sets
Black P-stones
Latin Kings

People Nation Sets
Vicelords
Spanish Lords

People nation Sets
El Rukuns
Bishops
Gaylords

People Nation Sets
Latin Counts
Kents

People Nation Sets
Bloods (PeanutButter)

People Nation
LEFT Identifiers

the word thug originated in _______ referring to a gang of criminals that roamed the country.
India

The first gangs were the ______ who originated in _______.
Forty Thieves, Manhattan, NY

Founder of the Forty Thieves
Edward Coleman

________ Dominated for 10 yrs until Coleman was arrested for murdering his wife and he was hanged.
Forty Thieves

The Classical School
Developed by Cesare Beccaria in the 18th century in his book On Crimes and Punishment

The Classical School
-This taught: free will; people can choose to follow rules or be deviant.
-You can choose to be a gang member or not

Hedonism
humans seek pleasure and avoid pain in their activities.

Utilitarianism
the greatest good for the greatest number.

Jeremy Bentham
_________ also contributed to the classical when he wrote An Introduction to the Principles of Morals.

The Classical School basic ideas
An emphasis on free will and choices and the human rational

The Classical School basic ideas
A view of behavior as hedonistic

The Classical School basic ideas
A focus on morality and responsibility

The Classical School basic ideas
A concern with political structure and the way in which government deals with its citizens

The Classical School basic ideas
A concern for the basic rights of all people

Mesomorphs
strong, athletic, aggressive, extroverted (most likely to commit crimes)

Extomorphs (ectomorhes)
thin, frail, and introverted individuals

Endomorphs
fat, jovial, and extroverted

The overall shape of the body, in consideration of the relative development of the various parts of the body in comparison with each other (Mesomorphs, Endomorphs, Extomorphs (ectomorhes))
William H Shelton:

Centric cirlcle
The Chicago School of social disorganization theory. Several areas of the city that expanded outward in a pattern of centric circles.

Zone 4 and 5
white, middle and upper class, they were homeowners who had been there for yrs.

Zone 3
working class neighborhoods occupied by 2nd and 3rd generation immigrants

Zone 2
poor, recent immigrants, transients

Zone 1
center of the city, downtown, businesses and government buildings.

Federic Thrasher
-Pioneer of gang research
-Believed that gangs came from spontaneous play.
-Boys creating a society for themselves where none adequate to their needs exists.
-Diffuse gangs- loosely organized,
-Solidified- strong internal structure

Why do people join gangs?
Acceptance, Protection, Survival, Peer Pressure, recreation, Family problems, Police Treatment, material incentives, commitment to community, a time to resist, a place for refuge

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Self-actualization- found peace within reaching ones full human potential.

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Self-esteem

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Love and Belongingness

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Safety and Security

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Physiological/biological

Neutralization Theory
Denial of responsibility
Denial of Injury
Denial of the victim
Condemnation of the condemners
Appeal to higher loyalties

Rage Junkies
they prey on scapegoats or weaker people or animals

Thrill killers
sometimes poaching without a license, religious sacrifice,

Serial killers
watching fear in their victim’s eyes and instilling fear in the public

Beyond all
gang members demand respect it is the “code of the street”

Gang leader
normally a long term member who has climbed the ranks and is generally looked up to by the other members.

Charismatic
ruling by dynamics of personality, normally older and stronger, revered by gang members, leaders are more permanent and gang membership has a high turnover.

Militaristic
more structured (mafia style), leaders give orders to a chain of command, good verbal skills, this draws approving attention from the gang members.

Turf protection
main reason for gangs to organize in neighborhoods

Comparison between Gangs and the Military
Ceremonies of induction
-Violation ceremonies for disobeying rules

Comparison between Gangs and the Military
-Drafts and recruitment
-Reasons to join both: identity, love, recognition, belonging, money

Comparison between Gangs and the Military
-Use of symbols and acronyms
-Protection of turf

Comparison between Gangs and the Military
-Specific clothing and style of dress
-Ranking and structure

Hedonistic (Degree of Criminality)
these types of gangs are mainly into drug use and commit little crime, especially violent crime

Instrumental (Degree of Criminality)
gangs that commit property crime, use drugs and alcohol, but seldom sell drugs

Predatory (Degree of Criminality)
Gangs that are heavily involved in serious crime, seriously abuse addictive drugs, and may sell drugs, but not in an organized fashion

4 basic types of gang members:
-Regulars
-Peripheral (associates)
-Temporary
-Situational

Regulars
strongly attached, few interests outside of the gang, started young, violent, come from tough childhoods, no consistent male authority figure, “hard core”

Peripheral (associates)-
strong attachment, but participate less often then regulars, have some outside interests, hope to eventually get out, strong commitment but not lasting

Temporary
marginally committed, joined later in life, normally remain for a short time

Situational
marginally attached, have limited involvement, try to avoid violent situations

O.G.s
original gangsters, lifetime members

Most Newly developed gang
Asian American

Loc’ing in
this means committing a crime in front of another gang member (Crips do this)

Graffiti
: a inscription, slogan, drawing, etc, scratched, scribbled, or drawn, often crudely, on a wall or other public surface

Tagging
which is usually a simple graphic, usually letters, perhaps a play on the creator’s initials or nicknames. Often small and monochrome, it’s probably one of the most annoying and frustrating types of graffiti, because it is small enough to deface almost any surface, and is almost universally condemned as having no artistic merit.

Taki 183
-Started in NYC in the 1970s by a delivery boy named Demetrius who worked as a messenger in Brooklyn and lived in Manhattan.
-His identity was kept a secret until May 2009 when he created a website.

Piecers
taggers who do elaborate designs

Writers
taggers who just put their names up

The colored teardrop tattoo
means the gang member either spent time in prison or killed someone

The non-colored in teardrop tattoo-
means that a friend or family member has been killed and the tattoo is put on in lieu of crying real tears which is forbidden in the prison culture

_____ was the largest organization in the US financially at one time.
The Mafia

My crazy life
3 dots on a hand between the thumb and pointer finger means “_______”

La Cosa Nostra
“This thing of ours” “Our Thing”

La Cosa Nostra
The Italian/American Mafia

Cesare Beccaria
The Classical School was Developed by _______ ______in the 18th century in his book On Crimes and Punishment

Joseph Valachi
Testified that the mafia did exist

Joe Pistone
undercover cop in the mafia (Cosa Nostra) for six years

Joe Pistone
Donnie Brasco in the Bonanno Crime Family

About the author

This academic paper is crafted by Mia. She is a nursing student studying at the University of New Hampshire. All the content of this sample reflects her knowledge and personal opinion on Gangs and Society and can be used only as a source of ideas for writing.

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