1st Essay Sample on French Revolution
Many historians have made analyses on the patterns that Revolutions go through. The French Revolution of 1789 however, goes through the exact pattern that Crane Briton says.This will be shown through different examples and events that happened in France during that time. The interesting thing about this revolution was that it took place in a country that in those days was the wealthiest and most powerful country in Europe. This revolution was also a very big thing, as it was a group of people getting up to get rid of their king and the class system. Every revolution starts when a society starts to protest against something in there country.
During that time, a king named Louis XIV ruled France. The family Bourbon supported the king and the aristocrats. This meant that if you were related or connected to this family in any way, you had many privileges. This is what is called the Old Regime. The Old Regime was made up of three estates.The 1st Estate was the clergy.
The clergy meant that you were a monk or a nun.They owned five to ten percent of the land of France; with this land they would rent it to get the money. To be a member of the clergy, you had to be related to the Bourbon family. The 2nd Estate was the nobility. The nobility served either in the government, were officers in the army or were in parliament. This estate never paid taxes, and would continually block the king’s laws that he would try to pass on taxation.
They would live off the rents, dues and fees that they got from the 3rd Estate. The 3rd Estate was basically everyone else. They could become wealthy people but never like the 2nd Estate. There was a group called the Bourgeoisie and they were the wealthy people of the 3rd Estate. They owned one fifth of the land in France.
The Bourgeoisie hated that the nobles and clergy were so arrogant. They were well read and had showed that they could run business.
2nd Essay Sample on French Revolution
The French Revolution was a trying time for many people in the 1700’s. Robespierre was using the guillotine to produce his Reign of Terror that left more than 250 people dead. But the Reign of Terror was a result of a more radical time. The storming of the Bastille was one of the main issues during the Revolution. The people, angry with Robespierre’s predecessor, King Louis XVI, for putting many prisoners and a large supply of gunpowder into the prison known as the Bastille.
The guards had expected a small but very angry mob of about one hundred people, but they did not expect what they did, in fact, get. It turned out that an upwards of 300 people succeeded in their attack on the prison, freeing the prisoners, taking the gunpowder, and dragging the guards through the street. The people that did this were the Jacobins. They were the known revolutionaries that chose to be known to the empire of France. King Louis XVI was not a well liked king by any means.
The people of France thought he was a terrible leader, and the assembly that took over later proved it. Robespierre was on the on the assembly that found the king guilty. They used the guillotine to behead him, the same way his wife was killed years earlier. Robespierre’s reign of terror began after the king was overthrown. He thought that it was his way of dealing with the Jacobins.
Robespierre was deadly in his wrath and almost totally controlled the French empire. The revolution affected many people, mostly in negative ways, though. It was one of the worst times in French and revolutionary history.
3rdEssay Sample on French Revolution
The Rise of Napoleon’s Power During The French RevolutionNapoleon’s return to an autocratic government saved the French revolution, and all it stood for; and saving France from a near potentially anarchic situation. Napoleon although an autocratic dictator, wasn’t anything like his predecessors, nor was he like king Louis XVI. Napoleon was in touch with all French men and worked for the good of all French people, and introduced new reforms and change. Napoleon;s autocratic government made many important decisions that were greatly welcomed by many French people. Napoleon changed the way of life for many French people, which placed increased confidence in French government and leadership; by instituting the destruction of the corrupt directory, or also known as the Coup d;etat.
France;s political changes and restructure, paved the way for radical social changes in many areas of French society such as personal rights & freedom, education, roads, public works and laws, etc. Increased territory to the French, on napoleons command, meant further glory to France, and meant increased wealth for the French government. The most important of all Napoleons achievements was the formation of the Bank of France; this generated positive interest in the French economy and encouraged investment in France. The coup d’etat was an act by Napoleon and Emmanuel Sieyes to overthrow the Directory. The Directory was a new form of government that was established in 1795.
It consisted of five members that were elected by both houses of the legislature. This form of government was proved even less effective than the Legislative Assembly and the national convention. Within the Directory there was incompetence and corruption that was putting France in a major debt. It didn’t do much to solve the financial problems and military problems in France. Attacks on the republic and other conservatives increased.
4thEssay Sample on French Revolution
French Revolution and Napoleon Europe has been the focal point in history for hundreds of years. It has been the starting and ending place for many empires. Europe in the Eighteenth Century was a very critical point in history. Wars were being fought, boundaries of countries were being changed, countries were becoming unified, revolutions destroyed countries, but the most critical happening that did more to shape Europe’s character and structure in the Eighteenth Century, than any other event was the era of the French Revolution and Napoleon. The era of the French Revolution and Napoleon took place between the years of 1789-1799 (French Revolution) and 1799-1815 (Napoleon).
The French Revolution and Napoleon have had the most influence on Europe in the Eighteenth Century. The French Revolution was a social revolution caused by the growing middle class. The Revolution caused a change of power in the government. The power went from the kings and nobles to the people of the country. During the revolution the Declaration of the Rights of Man was created.
This declaration stated: All men are created equal, natural rights of liberty, security, property, and resistance to oppression were given to all citizens, the government existed to protect these rights, the due process of law was created, and the idea of innocent until proven guilty. These laws in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and other ideas soon spread across Europe. The French Revolution proved that the people have the ability to overthrow the government. This scared many countries in Europe, because other monarchies did not want to lose their power. The French Revolution showed that other countries could have a social revolution as well.
The idea of the nation-state also emerged from the French Revolution.
5thEssay Sample on French Revolution
Could the King have averted the revolution? If so how? The king could have definitely averted the revolution and in a multitude of ways. The following essay will elaborate on how exactly he could have done so. Firstly, one of the main long term causes of the revolution was the losing of respect and confidence in the government due to the individual personality of the king. If, from the start, the king had behaved in a dignified manner and took his duties seriously, most probably, the revolution could have been averted. Louis XVI was very timid and refused to give constant support to his ministers’ (example: Turgot) reform plans.
This led to a failure of making reforms over a long period of time and making the reforms only when an absolute crisis occurred. It was this sudden change that contributed to the revolution. Not only that, the king could have discouraged the intriguing of certain ministers to bring others down, but instead adopted a ‘divide and rule’ policy, because he was weak. This undermining of fellow ministers is one of the factors led to Calonne failing in the Assembly of Notables, which led to the eventual calling of the Estates-General. Furthermore, at the meeting of the Estates-General, the king could have resolved the issue of whether to vote by head or by Estate, and could have hence gained control of the Estates-General meeting.
Instead, he didn’t do anything and this culminated in the national Assembly being formed and the 3rd Estate taking the law into their own hands; which eventually led to the revolution. Also, at the royal session (after the tennis court oath), the king introduced reforms that the people wanted to hear. However, he introduced them too late for the people to be completely satisfied. He should have introduced them much earlier.
Another Essay Sample on French Revolution
How successful was France in Achieving the Revolutionary principles of 1789? The success of France in achieving these principles of 1789, did occur, but was not completely fulfilled until over 100 years later. The revolutionary principles of 1789 were that of nationalism, liberty, equality and fraternity. In essence these revolutionary principles were the basis of the fight for independence. The key idea of nationalism showed the public that France was no longer going to be a kingdom, but’a union of all 28 million French-speaking people’. (Brooman, J.
1992, Revolution in France, Pearson Education Ltd. Essex). This shouted justice for the increasingly worried public and especially for the third estate (or lower class) who were overjoyed that they would finally be allowed their say. The slogan of’Liberty, Equality and Fraternity’, (although coined during the revolution) had its foundations early on. These three words summed up the main goals of the estates, shown on, the’cahiers’ (or lists of grievances) of 1789.
These principles were believed so strongly that campaigns were produced, proclaiming’Liberty, Equality and Fraternity or death.’ (Dersin, D. 1999, What life was like during the age of reason; France AD 1660-1800. Time life Inc., Virginia.) Liberty stood for being free from the restriction and control of the monarchy and equality represented that all estates were equal. Fraternity meant being united under a common purpose or interest (in this case to get rid of the monarchy and in place have a constitution).Together this was a perfect slogan for the revolutionaries. In regard to what Aristotle said about revolutions being’ a political phenomenon, both violent and non-violent, representing the fundamental process of change which leads to the alteration or displacement of social groupings,’ many unique events must occur for a revolution to be achieved.