Essays on Biotechnology

GENERALPeptidyl transhydrolase is an enzyme EC 31129 which
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GENERALPeptidyl trans-hydrolase is an enzyme (E.C which hydrolysis the ester bond in the middle of peptide and nucleotide of peptidyl-tRNA produced throughout the abortive translation, which happens about 10% of the time (Kurland and Ehvenberg, 1985; Bonin, et al., 2002). Peptidyl-tRNA also transpire because of expression of ORFs (Cruz-Vera, et al., 2003; Hernandez-Sanchez, et al., 1998; Tenson, et al., 1999) and macrolide action (Menninger and Coleman, 1993). Pth hydrolyses the ester bond betwixt the hydroxyl group at 2?- and…...
BacteriaBiologyBiotechnologyCell BiologyChemistryGenetics
In the last twenty years great progress has been made in our
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In the last twenty years, great progress has been made in our understanding of hPSC neural differentiation. Several differentiation protocols have been established and perfected, such as the ones to generate mature neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes with multiple biochemical and functional traits (Table 1). Based on these differentiation strategies, a battery of models targeting various neural developmental stages has been implemented to predict DNT (Table 2). However, many challenges remain to be overcome for these assays to become in vitro…...
Alzheimer DiseaseBiologyBiotechnologyCell BiologyDiseaseNervous System
Various investigations have affirmed that hereditary components
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Various investigations have affirmed that hereditary components assume a significant job in mental imbalance range issues (ASD). All the more as of late anew transformations in the SHANK3 quality, a synaptic framework protein, have been related to the ASD phenotype. As a feature of our quality disclosure methodology, we sequenced the SHANK3 quality in an associate of 427 ASD subjects and 190 controls. The distinguishing proof of two putative causative transformations was reported: one being an all over again cancellation…...
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Being able to create life spontaneously from a small cell is a
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Being able to create life spontaneously from a small cell is a new phenomenon that has taken society by a storm for better or for worse. Cloning is the process of producing an identical biological entity, whether it be an animal or a small cell, through asexual reproduction (Seidel 43). Cloning is mainly used to create genetically identical animals or to obtain stem cells, which can create cures for diseases and illness. Although the intentions of cloning are for the…...
BiologyBiotechnologyCell BiologyCloningGeneticsStem Cell
Bacterial Conjugation Lab Report
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This sample paper on Bacterial Conjugation Lab Report offers a framework of relevant facts based on the recent research in the field. Read the introductory part, body and conclusion of the paper below.Using alkaline lysine nipper, a DNA lassie was isolated from the donor and transcontinental strains and FIG electrophoresis was used to determine the size of the plasmid. The conjugation efficiency was found to be 16. 25% and the plasmid DNA was approximately 97 kilobytes long. The results show…...
Pros And Cons Of Human Cloning
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The sample paper on Pros And Cons Of Human Cloning familiarizes the reader with the topic-related facts, theories and approaches. Scroll down to read the entire paper.When most people think of cloning, they think of a scientist that uses DNA to make an exact replica of someone . Cloning is a lot more complicated and more controversial than that . According to the American Heritage Dictionary Cloning is defined as “A group of cells, or organism that is descended from…...
Kirby Bauer Test Lab Report
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This sample essay on Kirby Bauer Test Lab Report reveals arguments and important aspects of this topic. Read this essay's introduction, body paragraphs and the conclusion below.It just also be capable of killing or inhibiting the growth of other microorganisms and of doing so when taken in very small quantities. To study whether a microbial product qualifies as an effective antibiotic, a standard procedure called the Kirby-Bauer method is employed. This method, which is the procedure recommended by the US…...
BacteriaBiologyBiotechnologyDiseaseHealthInfectious Diseases
Ldh Purification Lab Report
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This sample essay on Ldh Purification Lab Report provides important aspects of the issue and arguments for and against as well as the needed facts. Read on this essay's introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion.OLD was purified from the ammonium sulfate precipitated protein mixture by affinity chromatography and its activity was studied by spectrophotometers determination of NADIA at 340 NM. From Pierce BCC assay of crude homogenate, initial protein concentration was shown to be 100 MGM/ml. The final protein concentration of…...
Ian Wilmut
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This sample essay on Ian Wilmut provides important aspects of the issue and arguments for and against as well as the needed facts. Read on this essay's introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion.| The Life and Accomplishments of Ian Wilmut| Dr. Ian Wilmut with the year-old Dolly in 1997. Dolly was the first animal to be cloned from DNA taken from an adult animal. © Najlah Feanny/CORBIS SABA| James Ray| Shepherd University| 9/16/2011| | Ian Wilmut is an embryologist from England…...
Alzheimer DiseaseBiologyBiotechnologyCloningDiseaseGenetic Engineering
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This essay sample on Chlamydeous provides all necessary basic info on this matter, including the most common "for and against" arguments. Below are the introduction, body and conclusion parts of this essay.The power stroke consists of beating stiffly in one direction, while during the recovery stroke the cilium is pulled back in floppy fashion close to the cell surface, thereby offering little resistance. Once in position, it straightens out and the stiff power stroke begins again. Human cilia or flagella…...
BiologyBiotechnologyCell BiologyGeneGenetics
Bacterial Transformation Lab Report
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The following sample essay on Bacterial Transformation Lab Report discusses it in detail, offering basic facts and pros and cons associated with it. To read the essay's introduction, body and conclusion, scroll down.Aim:Practice formulating hypotheses. anticipations. and experimental design. ? Describe the rules of bacterial transmutation.Explain the process for cistron transportation utilizing plasmid vectors. ? Induce the transportation of the pGLO cistron ( in a plasmid ) into E. coli. ? Describe the traits carried by the pGLO cistron.Describe how…...
Dna Extraction Lab Hypothesis
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This sample paper on Dna Extraction Lab Hypothesis offers a framework of relevant facts based on recent research in the field. Read the introductory part, body, and conclusion of the paper below.Extraction and purification of DNA are the first steps in the analysis and manipulation of DNA that allow scientists to detect genetic disorders, produce DNA finger rings of individuals, and even create genetically engineered organisms that c an produce beneficial products such insulin, antibiotics, and hormones. DON A can…...
Protein Synthesis Essay
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This sample essay on Protein Synthesis Essay offers an extensive list of facts and arguments related to it. The essay's introduction, body paragraphs, and the conclusion are provided below.In order to understand 1) protein synthesis, or the production of proteins, it is important to understand RNA and how it is transcribed from DNA. And in order to understand 2) transcription, or the process by which genetic information is copied from DNA to RNA, it is important to understand both the…...
BiologyBiotechnologyCell BiologyChemistryDnaGenetics
Ap Biology Lab Report
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The essay sample on Ap Biology Lab Report dwells on its problems, providing a shortened but comprehensive overview of basic facts and arguments related to it. To read the essay, scroll down.Mitosis is accompanied by cytokines in which the end result is two completely operate cells called daughter cells. There are four phases of mitosis: protease, metaphors, anapest and telephone. Meiosis is a two-part cell division process in organisms that sexually reproduce. Meiosis produces gametes with one half the number…...
BiologyBiotechnologyCell BiologyGeneticsMitosis
Bradford Assay Lab Report
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This sample essay on Bradford Assay Lab Report offers an extensive list of facts and arguments related to it. The essay's introduction, body paragraphs, and the conclusion are provided below.After centrifuging the sample for 5 seconds, the contents were loaded onto a polysaccharide protein gel set t IV for Electrophoresis and stained Accompanies blue for an hour and results were observed the next class period a week later (Gladdening). To determine Protein Concentration of the homogenate, using a ratio, 50…...
Advantages Of Antibiotics
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This sample essay on Advantages Of Antibiotics offers an extensive list of facts and arguments related to it. The essay's introduction, body paragraphs, and the conclusion are provided below.In 1928 Alexander Fleming after coming home from holiday found (whilst sorting out glass plates with the bacteria staphylococcus) that one of the plates had a blue/green mould on it. It had a clear ring around it where the bacteria had been dissolved. The mould was penicillium notatum. Fleming after some research…...
Mitosis In Onion Root Tip Lab Report
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The sample paper on Mitosis In Onion Root Tip Lab Report familiarizes the reader with the topic-related facts, theories, and approaches. Scroll down to read the entire paper.Introduction This study was performed in order to gain more knowledge on mitosis and meiosis. This lab was done by observing mitosis in plant and animal cells, comparing the relative lengths of the stages of mitosis in onion root tip cells, stimulating the stages of meiosis, observing evidence of crossing-over in meiosis using…...
BiologyBiotechnologyCell BiologyCell CycleGeneticsMitosis
How Does Ph Affect Enzyme Activity
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This sample essay on How Does Ph Affect Enzyme Activity provides important aspects of the issue and arguments for and against as well as the needed facts. Read on this essay's introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion.How do the different pH buffers affect activity of potato enzyme/extract? Introduction: Proteins are polymers that are made up of smaller units/monomers called amino acids. There are 20 different types of amino acids, thus make up many different combinations in types, numbers of amino acids…...
BiologyBiotechnologyChemistryEnzymeMetabolismOrganic Compounds
Essay On Mitosis
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The cell is absolutely a very sophisticated part of an organism. One instance that exemplifies this argument is that cells can produce protein. It isn‘t as simple as just making protein, and it involves decoding and transcribing DNA codes. Another illustration of this statement is that cells have the rare ability to duplicate themselves. Many types of cells, including human cells, use a process called mitosis, to generate clones. In this abridging essay, I will condense the complicated data we…...
BiologyBiotechnologyCell BiologyCell CycleGeneticsMitosis
Transcription And Translation Quiz
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Study Guide 3/1/11 1. Describe the three parts of a nucleotide and how they bond to form a nucleotide. The three parts of a necleotide are a carbon sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base. The carbon sugars bond to the phosphate groups by covalent bonds while the nitrogenous base bonds with it’s compliment by hydrogen bonds. 2. Summarize the role of covalent bonds and hydrogen bonds in the structure of DNA. The role of covalent and hydrogen are…...
BiotechnologyCell BiologyChemistryDnaGeneticsOrganic Compounds
Forensic Science Essay
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Over the years, many different advances in technology have made the use of DNA in forensic science possible. In the past twenty years specifically, there have been many extraordinary discoveries In the fields of science that have led to the advancement of procedures in forensics. Before DNA testing, the most accurate way of identifying people was to match the blood types of suspects with blood found at the scene of the crime. Considering the lack of variability of this procedure,…...
BiotechnologyChemistryDnaForensic ScienceGenetics
List The Three Processes Used To Synthesize Additional Atp When Atp Supplies Are Low:
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Muscle Metabolism 1. List the three roles of ATP in muscle contraction: 1. ________________________________ 2. ________________________________ 3. _________________________________ 2. The potential energy in ATP is released when the terminal high-energy bond is broken by a process called ___________________________. Write the end products of this process: ATP (+ H2O) > _________________ 3. Rebuilding ADP into ATP with a new source of energy is carried out by a process called ______________________________. Write the equation for this process: __________________ > ATP (+ H2O)…...
BiotechnologyCell BiologyChemistryHuman PhysiologyMetabolism
Transfer Lab
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Introduction: Escherichia coli is a bacterium that can affect our health or even kill. Like most bacteria, E. coli is able to change and progress into different forms based on genetic changes that they can go through. One example of this genetic change is shown in the E. coli becoming immune to ampicillin is blood infections. Because ampicillin has been used so frequently to fight the symptoms of an E. coli infection, the bacteria has been able to change itself…...
Describe The Chemical Composition And Configuration Of Enzymes
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Herodotus once said, “Men are at the mercy of events and cannot control them. This means that people are vulnerable to future events that they have no control over. This quote is valid because people live their lives filled with uncertainty, so whatever happens in their life happens. You can only control how you deal with and react to the situation you are put into. One work of literature that strongly reflects the quote is the play ‘Macbeth” by William…...
BiologyBiotechnologyCell BiologyChemistryCompositionEnzyme
How Are Glofish Made
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GloFish: More than Just glowing. What is a GloFish? GloFish is a genetically modified animal, a fluorescent zebra fish. It is made and then advertised by Yorktown technologies. It is a genetically modified organism (or GMO). The fish got the fluorescence from a red fluorescent protein from a sea anemone under the myosin light peptide 2 genes of zebra fish. The new green colored fish got is color from the extracted Green Fluorescent Protein that is taken from one Jellyfish…...
BiologyBiotechnologyGenetic EngineeringGeneticsGmo
Genetic Essays
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Genetic mutation is changes in the cells’ genetic material (usually DNA, sometimes RNA). Mutations have several different causes, such as random in copying during cell division, due to the influence by radiation, certain chemical substances, and viruses. Genetic mutations are also included as a natural and necessary part of some processes in cells. For multicellular organisms, it may be interesting to distinguish between mutations in the cells that give rise to new organisms (gametes) and thus spread to future generations,…...
Genetic Transformation Lab Report
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Genetic transformation is the process by which DNA is moved into an organism so that its genotype is altered. Experiments to observe this can be really expensive and complicated, but gene transfer in E.Coli bacteria are simple. In this specific lab, bacteria is transformed with a gene that codes for GFP (Green Fluorescent Protein). This allows the bacteria with this gene to glow a green color when it is exposed to ultraviolet light. Also, plasmid DNA which contains genes that…...
Dna Replication Essay
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Eukaryotic DNA replication is semi-discontinuous with the leading strand synthesized continuously and lagging strand is synthesized in fragments called Okazaki fragments (1). DNA replication starts at sites called replication origins present along the entire length of the chromosome (2). These sites have Origin of Replication Complex, which recruits different proteins to form replication fork (3). Helicases are one of those proteins that use energy from ATP hydrolysis to unwind the double stranded DNA to start the replication (4). Mcm2-7 proteins…...
BiotechnologyCell BiologyChemistryDnaGenetics
Essay Assay
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Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay ( abbreviated as ELISA ) , is a sort of immunochemical assay technique to observe the presence of a specific antibody or antigen in the trial samples. This method chiefly make usage of both immunological reaction ( the antibody-antigen reaction ) to observe the nowadays of specific antibody or antigen ) and biochemical reaction ( the enzyme substrate reaction ) to bring forth a seeable signal for both qualitative and quantitative measuring. The ELISA method used in…...
Gmo Lab Report
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At this rate, Genetically Modified Organisms within food products will increase dramatically, but is this for the best? There are many sis factors that have been brought up with genetically modified foods such as potential increase of cancer according to a French study conducted by Dry. Giles Eric Israelis (Kalmia, 2012). Genetically modified food is a popular subject among scientists, as it has been researched quite often. A study was done in the Czech Republic over a course of five…...
BiotechnologyChemistryExperimentGenetically Modified FoodGeneticsGmo
Gfp Lab Report
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All four of the wells were condensed with I Pl of an enhancer and added too lipid-based transaction reagent Effected to allow the target DNA to be introduced into the Hell cells. The cells containing . 45 ml Of transaction complexes and complete growth medium were incubated for two days and then replaced With I ml Of HOBS and incubated for another hour. Approximately 14. 13 Pl of glorification documentation diluted in PBS was added to one of the two…...
BiotechnologyCell BiologyChemistryDnaProtein
Analytical Device
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A biosensor is an analytical device which uses biologically-sensitive material to detect biological or chemical species directly without the need for complex sample processing. It is usually made by attaching a biologically-sensitive material to a suitable transducing system, which converts the biochemical response into a quantifiable and processable electrical signal (Ngweinbi & Suleiman, 1990). The biologically-sensitive materials can be an enzyme, multienzyme system, organelle, membrane component, a bacterial cell or other whole cell, an antibody or an antigen, or whole…...
MATERIALS AND METHODSStudy populationIn this crosssectional
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MATERIALS AND METHODSStudy populationIn this cross-sectional study conducted from January 2018 to march 2019, a total of 90 Iranian patients with ?-thalassemia major referred to Shafa Thalassemia Clinic were enrolled. Inclusion criteria contained confirmed cases of ?-thalassemia patients regularly receiving at least one unit of blood per month. patient?s medical files were reviewed for demographic data, clinical history and laboratory characteristics results. .Hemophilic patients, as well as patients with other types of hemolytic anemias, such as ? thalassemia, sickle cell…...
ghout the world Zhang and Li 2014 In 2013 there was 155
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ghout the world (Zhang and Li, 2014). In 2013, there was 155 million affected by CIS globally (Feigin et al., 2016). In Egypt, the incidence of stroke is high with a crude prevalence rate of 963/100,000 (Abd-Allh and Moustafa, 2014). The CIS may have considered a vascular disease (Tian et al., 2018), dyslipidemia is considered the most common risk factor for stroke in Egypt, and are correlated with stroke severity (Soliman et al., 2018). Other acquired risk factors as, hypertension,…...
AtherosclerosisBiologyBiotechnologyCell Biology
Betacyanin Leakage Through Membranes
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Damage of Beet Cell Membranes Caused by Different Temperatures Resulting in Betacyanin Leakage By: Trevor Sandum, Lab 2, March 9, 2013 Introduction: A red pigment called Betacyanin located in the vacuole of the beet cells is released when the membrane is damaged (Danyk, 2013). The membrane is necessary for sustainability of the cell’s life, it separates the cell from the outside environment, and is responsible for diffusion, exocytosis and endocytosis, and transport.Essay Example on Betacyanin Leakage Through Membranes It can…...
BiologyBiotechnologyCell BiologyCell MembraneChemistry
Unknown Bacteria Lab Report
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The two streak plates made from the mixture of unknown bacteria showed two different colony morphologies. Colonies of Bacteria A were translucent in color, circular in form, with entire margins and a smooth surface. Colonies of Bacteria B were cream colored, irregular in form, with undulate margins and an ambulate surface. Two different morphologies allowed Gram stains to be performed on each of the bacterium. Gram staining of Bacteria A revealed pink, rod-shaped cells signifying that the bacterium was Gram-negative…...
Sordaria Lab Report
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The lab experiment examined meiosis and genetic diversity through the model organism, Sardinia familial. Meiosis is part of the sexual life cycle and occurs in all sexually reproducing organisms. It is a method of cell division that produces gametes. Meiosis has two parts: meiosis I and meiosis II. Both parts undergo the same four stages of protease, metaphors, anapest, and Tallahassee. The process begins with one single parent diploid cell (that contain homologous chromosomes) that divides into four daughter haploid…...
BiologyBiotechnologyCell BiologyEvolutionGenetics
Restriction Enzyme Lab Report
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It is thought that, together with enzymes that methyl portions of native DNA, restriction enzymes protect cells from DNA of invading organisms cutting such DNA into pieces, thereby restricting its activity. In this experiment, using agrees gel electrophoresis, the number and relative positions of restriction sites for three restriction enzymes, Score, Hinkle and Pull, on the circular plasmid abrupt were mapped by determining the length (in base pairs) of the DNA fragments obtained when cutting the plasmid with each of…...
Identification Of Macromolecules Lab Report
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I no color change I I Red light blue Proteins are the basis of the protoplasm (fluid living content of the cell that contains the cytoplasm and cell nucleus) and are found in all living organisms. Proteins make up the bulk of animals body’s non-skeletal structure. As enzymes, they catalyst biochemical reactions; as antibodies, they prevent the effects of invading organisms; and as hormones, they control metabolic processes (C. Bassoonists, 2011). The Beirut test was used to detect the presence…...
BiotechnologyCarbohydrateCell BiologyChemistryGlucoseOrganic Compounds
In order to know the gender of an individual using STR analysis
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In order to know the gender of an individual using STR analysis, there is a locus on sex chromosomes called amelogenin having a region containing six base pairs longer in males than females. PCR amplification of female samples will show one band on agarose gel for amelogenin since they have two X chromosomes, while males result will indicate two amelogenin bands, one that is six base pairs longer than the other, as they have one X and one Y chromosomes…...
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FAQ about Biotechnology

GENERALPeptidyl transhydrolase is an enzyme EC 31129 which
...To design an antibiotic against pth , the structural details of Pth from various pathogenic bacterial strains are required. Earlier, crystal structures of Pth enzymes were known only from a few bacterial species. These included structures of Peptidyl...
How Does Ph Affect Enzyme Activity
...Aune KI, Salahuddin AH, Zalengo MA, Tanford CH. 1967. Evidence for Residual Structure in Acid- and Heat- denatured Proteins. J. Biol. Chem. 242 (10): 4486 – 4489. Reece JB, Urry LA, Cain ML, Wasserman SA, Minorsky PV, Jackson RB. 2011. Campbell Bio...
List The Three Processes Used To Synthesize Additional Atp When Atp Supplies Are Low:
...Muscle Metabolism 1. List the three roles of ATP in muscle contraction: 1. ________________________________ 2. ________________________________ 3. _________________________________ 2. The potential energy in ATP is released when the terminal high-ene...
How Are Glofish Made
...Works Cited Green Fluorescent Protein – The GFP Site. ” Green Fluorescent Protein – Conncoll, n. d. Web. 16 Sept. 2012. “GLOFISH, THE FIRST GM ANIMAL COMMERCIALIZED: PROFITS AMID The GFP Site. CONTROVERSY. ” GLOFISH, THE FIRST GM ANIMAL COM...
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