Figure 7 Distribution of target audience according to

Figure 7 – Distribution of target audience according to sex.

When considering the distribution of target audience according to age group, it was seen that the majority of respondents were fourteen years old (37.8%), followed by thirteen year olds (32.4%), twelve year olds (16.2%), fifteen year olds (10.8%), and sixteen year olds (2.7%).

Figure 8 – Distribution of Christian denominations represented in Pegasus

Seeing that AUP Academy is a Christian high school, students from various denominations are likely to also be present in making up the numbers of students that are enrolled in this institution.

One study which looked at how meditation could be a powerful tool in reducing the risks of age-related cognitive decline and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease. This is not to say that there are no other healthy habits that provide better brain health, but that to some extent, meditation delays aging, this is mainly due to telomere length (Kurth, Cherbuin, & Luders, 2017), or the DNA segment that is on the chromosome ends. With that said, the denominations represented in amongst the students had two from Born Again, 14 who were Catholic and 21 stating that they were Seventh-day Adventist

Statement of the health problems

The impact which lifestyle has upon the mind and body has been seen through the decades as one which is multifactorial, and it contributes to the way one functions when it comes to the physical, mental, social, and spiritual aspects.

Behavior therefore is also a contributing factor which is affected by the lifestyle of any individual and this is why it is useful in making decisions for one’s health for their own betterment.

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On a global level the effect of lifestyle has been a reason for concern because it is classified under non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and these NCDs are also referred to as chronic diseases. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), chronic respiratory diseases like asthma, cancers as well as diabetes are some examples of this which affect those with differing socio-economic statuses (SES).

Now the effects of NCDs are evident in all groups of people world wide and it does not seem to be slowing down, as a matter of fact, 41 million people die yearly from this (71% of all deaths globally), and the risk factors of this are tobacco use, unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, and the harmful use of alcohol; these all contribute to premature death by NCDs.

In response to this, screening and treatment of NCDs, and even palliative care have been implemented in some countries, although in some places it is not really seen because of the expenses. Forces that also drive the rise of NCDs are rapid unplanned urbanization, population ageing, and the globalization of unhealthy lifestyles. The leading NCD in terms of premature death is currently CVDs, but all these are preventable if the contributing factors are severely minimized over time (World Health Organization, 2018).

The World Health Organization (WHO) have also made it clear that this is something which needs to be put into action and have proposed the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which aims to cut down premature mortality from NCDs by using prevention strategies and treatment plans (i.e. SDG target 3.4).

Countries are also being supported through the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013-2020. All this hopes to manage and prevent to some extent, the global threat NCDs are making (World Health Organization, 2018).

Honing in on the impact which lifestyle has upon the Philippines, the Department of Health (DOH) had developed health policies and programs which have been implemented in provinces, cities, and municipalities that link national programs to Local Government Units (LGUs). This is how their service delivery works in assisting the citizens and supporting health services to the public and private sectors. Public services are used primarily by the low-income families, and includes communities in isolated and deprived areas.

Private services on the other hand are used by 30% of the populace that can afford it, this is all outlined by PhilHealth, which is the service package supported by the government. Communities have the opportunity to engage in health through the Barangay Health Workers (BHWs) who are employed from the local community, along with civil society representatives and those from the private sector who contribute to policy-making in the LGU health boards (Department of Health, Philippines, 2012).

In the Philippines lifestyle related NCDs are part of the the top killers causing over half (67%) of the annual deaths and are contributing factors to mortality, namely: 35% of CVDs, 10% of cancers, 6% of chronic respiratory diseases, 4% of diabetes, 7% of injuries, 25% of communicable, maternal, perinatal, and nutritious conditions, and 12% of other NCDs. If all the “Best buys” intervention strategies to combat NCDs are fully implemented in the Philippines the WHO have stated that 34,200 lives can be saved by 2025 (World Health Organization, 2018).

Figure 9 – Statement of the problem

Poor nutrition, physical inactivity, and poor stress management are the moderating variables which greatly contribute to the NCDs which are faced among the selected high school students in the AUP Academy.

Prioritization of Problems

Analysis of the results from the questionnaire gave insights into what areas of the high school students lives were needed to be looked at so that health education could take a more targeted approach. Although socio-economic status may have some role in whether these adolescents are more aware of the pros and cons when it comes to the best practices that can help young people of their ages, this was relative, and the table below will help to shed light on what can be done.

Table 1

Number of times in a week that students ate healthy foods

How many times have you…

% of majority

Answer

Eaten fruits

40.5%

2-3 times/wk

Eaten vegetables

32.4%

4-5 times/wk

Had meat, chicken, or fish

36.5%

2-3 times/wk

Had grains, cereals and whole-wheat bread

25.7%

2-3 times/wk

Had beans

43.2%

2-3 times/wk

Table 2

Number of times in a week that students ate unhealthy foods

How many times in a wk have you

% of majority

Answer

Drank sweetened beverages

36.5%

Once a week

Drank caffeinated drinks

33.8%

Once a week

Had snacks

36.5%

2-3 times/wk

Eaten fast foods

32.4%

Once a week

Eaten salty foods

37.8%

Once a week

Taken sweets

33.8%

Once a week

Table 3

Habits of students

In a week…

% of majority

Answer

I have trouble eating

62.2%

No days

I have trouble sleeping

49.3%

No days

I am depressed

44.6%

No days

I have trouble relaxing

56.8%

No days

I am nervous

39.2%

No days & 1-3 days

I sleep 7-8 hours

35.1%

Every day

I wake up tired

31.1%

1-3 days

I tire easily

46%

1-3 days

Tables 1-3 give us an idea of how even though these students tend to eat meals that include healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, and beans, they still do snack on unhealthy foods. In addition, 39.2% tend to feel nervous for both “no days” and also 1-3 days in a week. This could be due to how they manage their stress from the environment they are in.

This data emphasizes the need for lectures on topics that tackle nutrition, lifestyle, stress management, and sleeping habits.

Statement of Goals and Objectives with Evaluative Criteria. The expected outcome of this study and what was done as a result to help remedy the issue through specific intervention strategies are what will be share here so that we can see whether success is achieved or not.

Goal

The goal of this study is to promote healthy lifestyle habits and practices amongst the young people in the AUP Academy.

Objectives

At the end of the project the following objectives should have been accomplished:

Cognitive/Knowledge

After the program, 70% of the participants will:

? Discuss the difference between a healthy and unhealthy lifestyle

? list the factors associated with good sleeping habits and recognized the different health consequences of what contributed to lack of sleep.

? Recognize what eating habits and foods are good for their health

? Recognize how essential social support from family, friends, or colleagues is, in terms of:

? Emotional encouragement

? School work

? Decision making

Evaluative criteria:

A pre-test will be given at the beginning and end of every program to the teenagers, and following this there will be discussions and other activities to assess their learning capacity. This will be computed by using the following formula:

% increase of knowledge = x 100

Affective/Attitude

After the program, 70% of the participants will:

• understand the importance of sleeping and how this helps the brain.

• realize the importance of having healthy lifestyle habits and practices

• have a positive outlook towards the new found information they had learned as adolescents

• demonstrate an understanding of appreciating healthy foods by eating them more often and also preparing nutritious meals at home

Evaluative criteria:

By having the children split up into groups to practice a real life scenario of what they would do to teach people in their same age group of the basic changes that can improve one’s health and mindful eating practices, this can then allow for temperance by helping to notice our sense of fullness, and can also allow one to enjoy of food by appreciating the time and energy used to prepare the meal and allows for slower consumption.

Psychomotor/Practices

After the program, 70% of the participants will:

• Demonstrate healthy lifestyle habits to manage stress

• Perform physical activity on a regular basis at an early age.

• Demonstrate a normal sleep timetable daily

• Demonstrate a knowledge of preparing meals from home so that good practices would be fostered and maintained.

• Demonstrate social support to family, friends, or colleagues.

Evaluative criteria:

Over a period of eight (8) weeks, sessions will be conducted to allow hands-on activities to be carried out so that an understanding of nutrition, physical activities, mindful and stress management amongst teenagers can be grasped and then used by the kids so that they can learn to make such practices to become a habit so that they can cope with the stress and daily activities they face.

Significance of the study

In the Philippines the problem of lifestyle diseases has become a topic of great concern and along with it the emergence of childhood obesity, body dysmorphia and other issues that deal with the growing teenagers. With this in mind the researcher wanted to assess the level of proficiency which high school students had in regards to their lifestyle habits and practices – this consisted of physical activity, nutrition, stress management (sleeping patterns were included in this), and social support.

This study endeavors to positively influence the group of high school students to make decisions that would contribute to ongoing promotional programs so that they can in turn impart what they have learned to others, and thus it can become a continual learning process for the coming generations.

Teachers in AUP Academy. Allowing teenagers to freely express themselves outside of the home environment so that their creativity and ingenuity can be established is what is hoped from allowing teachers to help their students understand, when dealing with interactive ways to impart knowledge on the different health topics that will be focused on, such as through online tools, and educational videos specifically directed to teenagers, etc.

Parental engagement to High School students. Improving the learning, development, and health of children and adolescents are what schools and communities are responsible in not only the home, but also the school, and community. With the involvement of parents, the students can feel the support they need to overcome experiences of emotional distress, unhealthy eating behaviors, and even disengagement from school and learning.

Scope & Limitations

An intervention is what this program is aimed at addressing, so that a selected group of high school students at the AUP Academy can be educated and aware of the health problems that affect young people, especially those that are dealing with nutrition, stress management, and physical activity. The Academy is located inside the AUP (Adventist University of the Philippines) campus and has shops inside which also sell various types of food products that are both healthy and unhealthy. This is why it is a great opportunity to illicit the interest of students into having a more balanced intake of foods, and also learn to be more cautious as to the long-term effects that their food choices can have towards their health. Programs are intended to run for at least 8 weeks and are community-based, therefore the help of the teachers and students in the selected grades will be integral towards this becoming effective.

Limitations of this program are that while the health programs will be needed for the teenagers who attend the sessions through lectures and other activities, it may not be entirely beneficial because it is unknown whether such forms of health education will be sustained by the AUP Academy so that improvements can be made to allow for an evolving curriculum towards such a diverse group of people. Alongside this, it will undoubtedly be the students themselves who decide whether to change their lifestyles so that the necessary changes can be made and positive experiences gained. Plus, behaviors that are habitual or constrained by custom or tradition and social pressure would modify behavior.

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Figure 7 Distribution of target audience according to. (2019, Dec 18). Retrieved from http://paperap.com/figure-7-distribution-of-target-audience-according-to-best-essay/

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