Fallacies, Ethos Pathos Logos Examples, Gothic Literature, Elements of Romance in Gothic Literature

Fallacies
Failure in reasoning, weak argument, makes argument weaker while making it stronger at the same time

Ad hominem
“To the man”
Attacks people rather than the argument
“You’re wrong because you’re ugly”

Bandwagon Fallacy
Coming to the conclusion that a certain idea has merit because many people believe it
“She has that new shirt so I have to have that new shirt”

Faulty analogy
Can be used as a pathos technique
“Because you let the absent student turn in her homework late, you should let all students turn in their homework late”

Quote mining fallacy
Taking arguments from an opponent out of context or misinterpreting information/Ignoring the entirety of the statements

Either or Fallacy
Stating that something is correct only because something else is correct
“Since you don’t spend a lot of money, you must save a lot”

Confirmation Bias
Selective thinking, Focusing on evidence that believers already believe in while ignoring evidence that refutes their evidence

Circular Reasoning
Repeating everything that you’ve already stated
“The key to success is circular reasoning?”
“Yes because circular reasoning is the key to success”

Red Herring
When the arguer distracts the attention of another individual by changing the subject

Over generalization
When you believe that only one example proves your argument
“Every time I visit Florida, it’s raining.


It’s always raining in Florida”

Non sequitur
Inference/Conclusion that doesn’t follow from already established evidence
“We should stop using hairspray because it snows in New York”

Slippery Slope
Change in procedure, law or action, will result in adverse consequences.

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Often uses scare tactics
Being extra
“School is killing us. Homework is made of paper, paper is made of trees, we need trees for oxygen School is killing us”

Ethos
The Surgeon General warns smoking can adversely affect your health

Pathos
My opponent wants to hurt the elderly by cutting Medicare

Ethos
Cardiologists recommend Ecotrin more than any other brand of aspirin

Pathos
A commercial shows an image of a happy couple riding in a Corvette.

Logos
A commercial shows expected yearly savings for a car with great gas mileage.

Pathos
It’ll blow you mind away

Ethos
As a doctor, I am qualified to tell you that this course of treatment will likely generate the best results.

Pathos
Where would we be without this tradition?

Logos
It’s a matter of common sense that people deserve to be treated equally. The Constitution calls it ‘self-evident.’ Why, then, should I have been denied a seat because of my disability?

Ethos
He is a forensics and ballistics expert for the federal government – if anyone’s qualified to determine the murder weapon, it’s him.

Pathos
After years of this type of disrespect from your boss, countless hours wasted, birthdays missed… it’s time that you took a stand

Logos
Private demand for the product has tapered off for the past three years, and this year’s sales figures are at an all-time low. It’s time to research other options

Ethos
If my age doesn’t convince you that my opinion matters, at least consider that I am your grandfather and I love you dearly.

Logos
The algorithms have been run in a thousand different ways, and the math continues to check out

Pathos
Marcotte is a special breed of crazy: a paranoid misandrist with a persecution complex and a broken moral compass

Ethos
David Hofmann of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Noaa), which published the figures, said: “Over this last decade the growth rates in carbon dioxide have been higher

Pathos
Is Bush an idiot? Is that even debatable? But it IS nice to see the mainstream FINALLY help point it out to those who have had blinders on for the last five years

Ethos
As an African American child growing up in America, I had to learn about my heritage by myself. Today I can help children grow up aware of the contributions African Americans have made to the development of our great country

Logos
This single farm of ours would support a
dozen horses, twenty cows, hundreds of
sheep

Supernatural elements
Dramatic events: ghosts, demons, anything explainable

Locations
Isolated, obscure prophecy netted to it

Atmosphere
Revolves around a mystery, prophecies, omens and supernatural events influence this

Emotion
Raw nerves, these can overcome characters

Women in Distress
Appeal to sympathy of the reader
End up terrified, screaming, or sobbing

The Tyrannical Male
Demands the female to do something intolerable

Powerful Love
1

Uncertainty of reciprocation
2

Unreturned love
3

Tension between Love and Father
4

Lovers parted
5

Lust threatens virtuous one
6

Rival lovers
7

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Fallacies, Ethos Pathos Logos Examples, Gothic Literature, Elements of Romance in Gothic Literature. (2019, Feb 05). Retrieved from http://paperap.com/fallacies-ethos-pathos-logos-examples-gothic-literature-elements-of-romance-in-gothic-literature/

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