I will start with the old saying of “knowledge is power”, I have heard this most of my life from my father. He was very wise, not necessarily knowledgeable, but he taught me enough for me to know that I needed to gain as much knowledge as possible in my lifetime. He would say, “knowing gives me the upper hand on those that want to tear me down”, I keep that wisdom and teach it to my children.
Epistemology is the philosophical study of nature, origin, and limits of human knowledge also referred to as the theory of knowledge.
Everyone has some form of knowledge, it’s what we decide to do with our knowledge that can make a difference in our lives. Will we use what we know to learn more or get ahead in life? There is the knowledge of education, knowledge of communication as well as street knowledge. The knowledge of education will allow us to grow our minds and receive as many scholastic opportunities as we can receive.
The more we educate ourselves, whether books smart, research, or common knowledge, we are educating our minds and allowing for intellectual resources to convey truths and information.
It is a term that’s derived from the ancient Greek terms episteme (knowledge) and logos (reason). Epistemologists work on assumptions, contemplating what they know and placing the knowledge of this information toward experiences throughout the world. Part of knowledge is belief, a part of a mental state that exists in the minds of people (Truncellito, 1995).
Facts about the physical world and knowledge also involve perception. How we perceive information can make a difference in how we maintain that same information in our minds. How will it be remembered, what about the information will make us reflect on it later or want others to learn the same information? All knowledge will require some form of reasoning, the information will have to come from a source. Data collected by scientists will need to be analyzed before being presented strictly based on our senses.
Epistemology is the claim of what knowledge is viable and legitimate research knowledge. Therefore, what constitutes justifiable sources of evidence (presenting that knowledge) and sustainable results of knowledge (Zalta, 2014). It allows awareness and for our observant memory on a primary level but cuts our research into what is invalid and execrable. Epistemology can result in a knowledgeable stance that profiles epistemic claims. In certain cases, we are concerned with assumptions about language, and how we can work with it in harmony with our conceptions of reality, and how we know it.
Two problems with epistemology consist of the visual concept of knowledge and how it’s perceived. Things aren’t always what they look like, we must be aware that our senses can play tricks on us and we should ensure that we are not grabbing at one perception over another. A person having an extremity removed may still feel that limb even though it’s been removed. This is called the phantom limb syndrome, our body tells us one thing, but our mind knows otherwise. What our vision sees, our mind will have to work with the other senses to correct and allow the belief to although be unjustified but be true. Not all beliefs, constitute knowledge, however, belief is a necessary forum, but not enough resource.
Knowledge will not require definite certainty, but it must have justification, humans view that it’s possible to have knowledge even when part of the reasoning isn’t true. A belief can be unjustified but still be true, finding the justifiable reasoning is the key factor to determining a viable result. Two people could hold the same belief for two different reasons, the justification of knowledge is based on solid evidence not on luck or misinformation (Truncellito, 1995). Concerning justification, epistemologists oppose whether in any case there is one model logic attitude in which only you are justified in adopting a proposition, or whether in some cases more than one model logic attitude is permissible. some epistemologists think we don’t need to be justified to know, and some think we do need to be. Concerning what it takes to be justified, some epistemologists think that what it takes for you to be justified are only factors internal to the believer (Audi, 1997).
Sound reasoning and accurate details are the best way to acquire knowledge, however, when a belief is justified this doesn’t give us the fact if it’s true or not. Is justification internal or external, Internalists state that justification is internal, it’s understanding the concept of internality. Knowledge cannot be handled the same as tangible assets; to administer knowledgeable assets, one must know how to re-direct them. Successful adaptation is an incremental development of social skills and knowledge.
There are two positive approaches to justifying epistemology to distinguish between, the impressive critical philosopher Immanuel Kant had the endeavor of combining these two views. The first being internal is because we enjoy the factors that accompany the justification of knowledge. Contemplating and reflecting on justification is always recognized as accessible internalization. Having the skill set to know the difference between internal and external justifications will allow a person to have social understanding. The external approach is not derived from objective viability but the probability needed for knowledge (Zalta, 2018). Externalists would say that what we want from justification is the kind of social stability needed for justifiable knowledge and only understanding of external conditions with the structural foundation of probabilities.
The connection between truth and knowledge will require four key activities to create and sustain flows of knowledge and direct them into crucial capabilities: (1) Integrated problem solving that is shared between cognitive and functional barriers – shared problem solving reaches a new level of creativity when developed for ‘creative abrasion.’ (2) Implementation and integration of new inner generated methodologies and practical operations and tools. These can move inadvertently by merely gaining organization when managed for learning. (3) Formal and informal experimentation. Experimental activities create new superior competencies that move facilitators on purpose and that guard against rigidity. (4) Importing and consuming knowledge is technical expertise from around unyielding behaviors. Whether knowledge is gained from someone else or picked up in a more educational entity, we recognize the value in obtaining knowledge: including its value for helping us pass tests, the value in guiding us to our homes, its value in the interest it holds for us, and its value simply in itself.
Knowledge is learning science, everything we do that surrounds us comes from our knowledge, when we receive information from others, we are pressured to take their information verbatim. Are the people we are asking capable of giving us adequate information, do they have the right answers, and will they give us enough information? Our sources must be reliable and credible with no room for errors, they must come from sources. We spend our time researching and trying to find answers to our mysteries, it’s a matter of understanding what knowledge is and how we should use it. In our venture of looking for the truth, we are coincidently looking for knowledge, gaining momentum on the answer for knowledge. For our search to be valid we must understand and know the difference between what we’re looking for, the truth, and knowledge, are they the same? We can also say that the truth is a condition of knowledge, understandably, if there is no truth there can be no knowledge (Audi, 1997).